The 1st and 2nd Century BC

Can you guess these notable people, places, and things from the years 1–200 BC?
Quiz by Gassu
Last updated: January 17, 2023
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First submittedAugust 7, 2018
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4 BC
Possible date for the birth of this important religious figure
Jesus Christ
4 BC
Death of this king of Judea, known for the biblical (but not historical)
Massacre of the Innocents
Herod the Great
18 BC
First mention of this capital city on the Han River
30 BC
This last Egyptian pharaoh commits suicide. Later legends would say
an asp was involved.
44 BC
Julius Caesar is assassinated on this day of the year
The Ides of March
50–58 BC
Julius Caesar conquers this region. Ancient sources say a million Celts
were killed, and another million enslaved.
c. 52 BC
The Romans found this city on the river Seine
Lutetia (Paris)
53 BC
This wealthiest of Roman citizens loses his army and his life trying to
conquer the Parthian Empire
Marcus Crassus
73–71 BC
This gladiator leads a rebellion of an estimated 120,000 slaves
1st century BC
This “ism” becomes the official ideology of the Chinese state
1st century BC
King Mithridates of Pontus ingests sub-lethal doses of this poison to
build up a tolerance
146 BC
The Third Punic War ends with the complete destruction of this city
c. 150 BC
Alexandros of Antioch creates this famous, now armless, statue
Venus de Milo
before 150 BC
The Romans invent this building material
c. 160 BC
First celebration of this Jewish holiday marking the repurification of the
Temple and candles which miraculously burned for 8 days
2nd century BC
This trade route network connecting Europe with China begins to be used
Silk Road
2nd century BC
Liu An invents this pressed bean curd product
200 BC–1 BC
Pakistan is ruled by people speaking this language, left over from
Alexander’s conquests
Level 60
Feb 28, 2021
Surprised to see new things happened in the first and second centuries.
Level 72
Jan 17, 2023
I'd always thought that people checked their calendars, saw that Jesus hadn't been born yet, and went back to bed.
Level 90
Mar 8, 2023
The massacre of the innocents has a historical record (the Bible). Just because there is no record of it anywhere else, doesn't mean it isn't historical.

Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.

Based on the population of the area at that time, it was likely only about 10-20 babies killed, and unfortunately in that day that wouldn't be a major event.

Level 55
Mar 24, 2023
As you said, 'absence of evidence is not evidence of absence'.

That means there is absence of evidence...

As much as you cannot assert that it certainly didn't happen, you also cannot assert that it certainly did happen.

Another example is the existence of Atlantis.

Despite it being mentioned in ancient text, Plato's Timaeus, it is still not considered a historical fact.

Why would we believe the Bible but not Plato? What reason do we have of trusting one source over the other?

Level 82
Apr 1, 2023
Atlantis is an awful example. It is very, very, very obviously an allegory in Timaeus and not in anyway implied to be historical fact. Pretty much the exact opposite of the Herod example.
Level 82
Apr 1, 2023
I think "not necessarily historical" is implied by "biblical."
Level 69
Apr 11, 2023
So you are telling me that Europe had trade relations with China already in the 2nd century BC, but no one thought of visiting them before Marco Polo in the late middle ages?
Level 62
May 18, 2023
I love the tofu question, it's so silky and soft.