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Construction Vocabulary

Read the definition and type the term it defines.

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Quiz by arjaygee
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Last updated: November 10, 2023
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First submittedNovember 10, 2023
Times taken39
Average score64.0%
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Definition
First
Letter
Term
A substance that sticks to materials or allows objects to stick together, such as resin, epoxy, and glue.
A
Adhesive
A particulate material made of sand or crushed stone, gravel, recycled concrete, etc.—it is a fundamental part of building foundations.
A
Aggregate
The opinion a cost consultant provides concerning a property's valuation.
A
Appraisal
A qualified individual or organization responsible for designing and planning structures for construction—they complete drawings for the building process.
A
Architect
To refill an excavated hole with the material dug out previously.
B
Backfill
Material, often made from steel or wood, that spans across a building to support the floor or roof.
B
Beam
Short pieces of lumber to join, fill, or reinforce a structure to increase strength.
B
Blocking
A design or technical drawing that includes crucial construction details.
B
Blueprint
A long, projecting beam supported only on one end.
C
Cantilever
A type of sealant that prevents water and moisture from getting into cracks and crevices. It is commonly used around pipes, windows, and doors.
C
Caulking
A building material made of sand, gravel, and water poured into molds or forms. It is used for posts, driveways, slabs, foundations, etc.
C
Concrete
A standard power tool used to drive screws into walls, floors, and for other applications/materials.
D
Drill
Paneling used for walls and ceilings (also referred to as plasterboard).
D
Drywall
A passage for ventilation, heating, and air systems to direct air throughout a structure or building.
D
Duct
The operation, tools, and equipment used to move rock, dirt, and other materials. This process is often necessary for foundations and building roads.
E
Excavation
The base of a structure that anchors and supports it as the lowest load-bearing part of a building.
F
Foundation
The review process to ensure construction complies with contract, zoning, and code requirements.
I
Inspection
The material placed in the walls and ceiling to stop heat and sound from exiting or entering a space.
I
Insulation
Horizontal elements connected to a perpendicular beam for load transfer.
J
Joist
A mixture of sand and cement to bind materials, such as brick, stone, and block.
M
Mortar
Strong, thin wooden boards made from two or more layers glued together—often sold in 4'x8' sheets.
P
Plywood
A (usually sloping) timber that helps support a roof.
R
Rafter
An upright support in the walls of buildings used to attach drywall, sheathing, etc
S
Stud
Another term for molding, used for decorative and practical purposes to encase windows and doors or enhance ceilings, floors, and cabinets.
T
Trim
Deformity in wood from changes in moisture content.
W
Warping
2 Comments
+2
Level 51
Mar 7, 2024
Enjoyed it!
+1
Level 67
Mar 7, 2024
Thank you. I’m glad.