European languages with more than 1,000 speakers

Languages native from Europe with more than 1,000 speakers (including the Caucasus area). Some of them might be considered dialects by some people.
Quiz by Faus
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Last updated: August 5, 2021
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First submittedSeptember 8, 2018
Times taken7,240
Average score40.0%
Rating4.63
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Speakers
Language
700 million
English
570 million
Spanish
274 million
French
260 million
Russian
250 million
Portuguese
110 million
German
90 million
Italian
88 million
Turkish
55 million
Polish
45 million
Ukrainian
30 million
Romanian
28 million
Dutch
23 million
North Azerbaijani
21 million
Serbo-Croatian
14 million
Bavarian
13.4 million
Greek
13 million
Hungarian
10.7 million
Czech
10 million
Catalan
9.6 million
Swedish
9 million
Bulgarian
7.1 million
Alemannic
6.7 million
Armenian
6.4 million
Belarusian
5.7 million
Neapolitan
5.5 million
Danish
5.4 million
Finnish
5.4 million
Albanian
5.2 million
Norwegian
5.2 million
Tatar
5.2 million
Slovak
4.9 million
East Franconian
4.7 million
Sicilian
3.9 million
Venetian
3.7 million
Georgian
3.5 million
Lombard
3.1 million
Lithuanian
3 million
Galician
2.5 million
Slovene
2.5 million
Macedonian
2 million
Irish
1.8 million
Low German
1.8 million
Latvian
1.7 million
Emilian-Romagnol
1.6 million
Kabardian
1.6 million
Scots
1.5 million
Yiddish
1.5 million
Torlakian
1.4 million
Chechen
1.4 million
West Flemish
1.3 million
Limburgish
1.2 million
Bashkir
1.2 million
Kajkavian
1.1 million
Estonian
1 million
Chuvash
1 million
Sardinian
1 million
Avar
900,000
Ripuarian
900,000
Alsatian
800,000
Occitan
778,000
Pontic Greek
763,700
Balkan Romani
Speakers
Language
751,000
Basque
710,000
Welsh
700,000
Piedmontese
700,000
Picard
655,000
Lezgi
641,500
Asturian
623,500
Rusyn
600,000
Walloon
600,000
Friulian
576,000
Adyghe
570,000
Ossetian
538,500
Vlax Romani
520,000
Maltese
510,000
Silesian
500,000
Samogitian
500,000
Ligurian
490,000
Dargwa
480,000
Crimean Tatar
480,000
Chakavian
470,000
West Frisian
470,000
Meadow Mari
440,000
Caló
426,200
Qumuq
400,000
Ladino
390,000
Luxembourgish
360,000
Icelandic
360,000
Lorraine Franconian
344,000
Mingrelian
340,000
Udmurt
330,000
Rumelian
310,000
Karachay-Balkar
306,000
Ingush
250,000
Aromanian
226,000
Breton
220,000
Komi
220,000
Talysh
200,000
Latgalian
200,000
Extremaduran
200,000
Transylvanian Saxon
195,200
Sinte Romani
190,000
Abkhaz
190,000
Urum
170,000
Serbo-Romany
155,000
Corsican
152,000
Lak
150,000
Carpathian Romani
140,000
Arpitan
140,000
Gagauz
127,000
Tabasaran
108,000
Kashubian
108,000
Moravian
105,000
Norman
100,000
Sassarese
100,000
Arbëresh
100,000
Gallurese
100,000
Judeo-Tat
100,000
Westrobothnian
90,000
Shelta
87,000
Nogai
87,000
Võro
80,500
Kalmyk
72,000
Faroese
Speakers
Language
70,000
Griko
60,000
Romansh
60,000
Meänkieli
57,000
Scottish Gaelic
50,000
Leonese
50,000
Abaza
50,000
Baltic Romani
50,000
Burgundian
50,000
Arvanitika
45,000
Eonavian
41,100
Ladin
36,700
Erzya
36,400
Rutul
36,000
Karelian
30,000
Hill Mari
29,300
Aghul
28,000
Tat
28,000
Gallo
25,000
Northern Sami
25,000
Aragonese
22,300
Tsakhur
22,000
Laz
21,900
Nenets
15,000
Mirandese
14,000
Svan
13,000
Upper Sorbian
13,000
Akhvakh
11,700
Kale
11,000
Fala
10,000
North Frisian
9,600
Khanty
7,000
Northwestern Mari
6,900
Lower Sorbian
6,800
Bezhta
6,500
Udi
5,800
Andi
5,000
Gutnish
5,000
Megleno-Romanian
3,200
Godoberi
3,000
Cantabrian
2,800
Cappadocian
2,200
Tindi
2,000
Elfdalian
2,000
Saterland Frisian
2,000
Lule Sami
2,000
Grecanic
2,000
Cornish
2,000
Moksha
1,900
Mòcheno
1,800
Manx
1,700
Khwarshi
1,600
Veps
1,500
Tsakonian
1,500
Bagvalal
1,500
Hunzib
1,400
Istro-Romanian
1,000
Franc-Comtois
1,000
Erromintxela
1,000
Resian
1,000
Khinalug
1,000
Selkup
+9
Level 54
Jun 29, 2020
I think you might have confused "language" with "dialect".
+5
Level 65
Apr 9, 2021
Dialects are languages.
+8
Level 70
Apr 9, 2021
Maybe there is another world in which France is officially Picard-speaking and French as we know it is considered just a dialect of Picard.
+8
Level 43
Aug 5, 2021
There are a lot of opinions about if a lot of languages are really languages or really dialects, so I followed the ones that I considered. Sorry if you don't agree with some of them, I think that is a difficult and tricky subject even for linguists.
+1
Level 31
Sep 11, 2023
100% agree. Also disputed so much so that some countries don’t even acknowledge certain countries let alone their language.
+6
Level 38
Aug 30, 2020
Maybe allow "Circassian" as an alternative for "Adyge". I got it, but I almost passed over it after putting in "Circassian" first.
+4
Level 43
Aug 5, 2021
Yeah, you are right, I will add it as an alternative both to Adyge and Kabardian, thanks
+6
Level 62
Apr 8, 2021
An insane quiz, and pretty fun to have a guess at.
+1
Level 56
Apr 9, 2021
agreed! though apparently I can't spell
+4
Level 69
Jul 30, 2021
Could use more clarification. I'm pretty sure Latin for example has more than 1000 L2 speakers. The quiz doesn't mention anywhere it has to have 1000 native speakers, just speakers. And perhaps it counts L2 speakers of some sort in some cases, I'm pretty sure English doesn't have 700 million native speakers.
+3
Level 64
Jul 30, 2021
Yes, many of these make the list only with L2 numbers, not L1 numbers.
+1
Level 95
Aug 4, 2021
And if we're including L2 speakers, there are a lot of languages which are not on this list an most certainly should be. (Chinese, Urdu, Persian, etc...)
+1
Level 73
Jun 10, 2022
Yes, but these aren't European languages. It doesn't matter if many Europeans speak Chinese or Urdu as L2. They didn't originate in Europe nor are they spoken natively within the borders of Europe.
+4
Level 64
Jul 30, 2021
How is Greenlandic a European langauge?
+2
Level 84
Jul 31, 2021
Missing Esperanto.
+2
Level 74
Jun 10, 2022
If you're going to separate dialects, then Serbo-Croatian should be separated into its four standard varieties, in my opinion: Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, and Serbian.
+2
Level 43
Jun 10, 2022
I'm pretty sure that Khanty and Selkup are not European languages because their speakers live behind the Ural mountains in Asia.
+2
Level 72
Jun 25, 2022
I like the concept a lot, but you could use some cleaner delineation as to what counts as a dialect, at least for ones that don't get accepted type-ins for more common languages.

For example, Ripuarian isn't accepted when typing German or Franconian, and also isn't accepted when typing any of its sub-dialects, like Kölsch/Colognian. It's hard to guess exactly which level of dialect is the one you are looking for.

When you've delineated something into a few dialects, but accept them all as answers given the most known one, I have basically no problem with that. Others may disagree, but I'm usually of the opinion that "the more type-ins, the better".

+1
Level 37
Aug 18, 2022
If low saxon is a language, then brabantian Should be too, they are beide very similar to dutch
+1
Level 53
Aug 28, 2022
95/185 i think thats pretty good :D
+2
Level 65
Nov 5, 2022
Got Selkup and Svan but forgot german
+1
Level 70
Feb 23, 2023
Really well made! Nominated!
+1
Level 49
Sep 11, 2023
i think latin should have more than 1k, google even says 33 million latin speakers
+1
Level 55
Dec 2, 2023
If you're separating dialects then Viennese, Styrian and Bavarian should be here.
+1
Level 73
Dec 2, 2023
im assuming conlangs like esperanto dont count?