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Indo-European languages

Name the extant languages of the Indo-European language family, according to Glottolog.
Extinct or dormant languages are not included
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Quiz by KevinTheCat
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Last updated: May 28, 2024
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First submittedMay 23, 2023
Times taken836
Average score16.6%
Rating4.90
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Albanian
 
Isolate
 
Gheg
4.1m
 
Tosk
 
Tosk
1.8m
South
Arbëresh
85k
Arvanitika
50k
 
Armenic
 
Armenian
3.8m
Western Armenian
1.7m
 
Balto-Slavic
 
Baltic
 
Prussian
50
Eastern
Lithuanian
3.0m
Latvian
1.5m
 
Slavic
 
East
Russian
150m
Ukrainian
27m
Belarusian
5.1m
Rusyn
75k
South
Serbo-Croatian
19m
Bulgarian
7.6m
Slovene
2.5m
Macedonian
1.8m
Kajkavian
~1m
Slavomolisano
<1k
West
Polish
40m
Czech
11m
Slovak
5.0m
Silesian
258k
Kashubian
88k
Upper Sorbian
13k
Lower Sorbian
6.9k
 
Celtic
 
Brythonic
 
Welsh
656k
Southwest
Breton
207k
Cornish
563
 
Goidelic
 
Irish
195k
Eastern
Scottish Gaelic
57k
Manx
23
 
Germanic
 
North
 
North
Swedish
10m
Finnish Swedish
292k
Jamtska
60k
Dalecarlian
~3k
Estonian Swedish
few
South
Danish
6.0m
Jutish
~200k
East Danish
40k
West
Norwegian
4.3m
Icelandic
357k
Faroese
69k
 
West
 
High German
German
97m
Bavarian
15m
Ostfränkisch
4.9m
Swiss German
4.9m
Hunsrik
3.0m
East Middle German
2.0m
Limburgan
1.3m
Swabian
820k
Moselle Franconian
~700k
Eastern Yiddish
600k
Palatine German
400k
Kölsch
250k
Pennsylvania German
237k
Hutterite German
40k
Lower Silesian
23k
Walser
23k
Western Yiddish
5.0k?
Mòcheno
1.9k
Colonia Tovar
1.5k
Cimbrian
400
Wymysorys
20
Weser-Rhine
Dutch
25m
Afrikaans
7.2m
West Flemish
1.4m
Zeelandic
220k
North Sea
English
380m
East Low German
3.6m
Eastphalian
2.1m
Scots
1.5m
Westphalian
1.3m
Gronings
590k
West Frisian
470k
Plautdietsch
450k
North Low Saxon
200k+
North Frisian
10k
Saterfrisian
2.0k
Terschellings
1.2k
Hindeloopen
500
Schiermonnikoogs
75
 
 
Hellenic
 
Doric
 
Tsakonian
3.0k
 
Koineic
 
Cypriot Greek
700k
Italiot Greek
20k
Anatolian
Pontic
778k
Cappadocian
2.8k
Modern
Greek
12m
Romano-Greek
30
 
Nuristani
 
Katë
150k
Ashkun
40k
Prasun
8.0k
Kalasha-Tregami
Waigali
12k
Tregami
3.5k
Iranian
 
Central
 
Semnani
70k
Adharic
Kirmanjki
3.0m
Dimli
1.0m
Takestani
395k
Gurani
300k
Shabaki
250k
Talysh
230k
Bajelani
59k
Eshtehardi
<37k
Harzani
28k
Ashtiani
26k
Karingani
22k
Vafsi
22k
Alamuti
10k?
Maraghei
5k?
Alviri-Vidari
~1k
Kho'ini
500
Kabatei
?
Kajali
?
Karanic
?
Razajerdi
?
Shahrudi
?
Upper Taromi
?
Balochic
Eastern Balochi
3.6m
Southern Balochi
3.4m
Western Balochi
1.8m
Koroshi
1.0k
Caspian
Gilaki
3.5m
Mazanderani
2.0m
Shahmirzadi
40k?
Rudbari
10k?
Kermanic
Khunsaric
21k
Zoroastrian Dari
8.0k
Gazic
7.0k
Natanzic
7.0k
Nayinic
7.0k
Soi
7.0k
Sivandi
3.0k
Kavir
516
Judeo-Hamedani
~500
Komisenian
Sangisari
43k
Sorkhei
12k
Lasgerdi
1.0k
Kurdish
Kurmanji
14m
Sorani
8.0m
Southern Kurdish
3.7m
Laki
1.0m
Sogdic-Ossetic
Iron Ossetian
390k
Digor Ossetian
100k
Yagnobi
12k
 
Central Eastern
 
Shughnic
Shughni
75k
Sarikoli
12k
Yazgulyam
9.0k
Yidgha-Munji
Yidgha
6.2k
Munji
5.3k
 
Saka-Wakhi
 
Wakhi
38k
 
Pashto
 
Waneci
140k
Nuclear
Northern Pashto
21m
Southern Pashto
16m
Central Pashto
6.5m
 
Ormuri-Parachi
 
Ormuri
6.0k
Parachi
3.5k
 
Sanglechi-Ishkashimi
 
Ishkashimi
2.5k
Sanglechi
2.2k
 
Southwestern
 
Larestani
120k
Kuhmareyi
100k
Bashkardi
7.0k
Kumzari
6.0k
Farsic-Tat
Iranian Persian
56m
Dari
13m
Tajik
8.1m
Hazaragi
3.7m
Aimaq
1.9m
Muslim Tat
330k
Bukharic
118k
Judeo-Tat
80k
Judeo-Persian
60k
Dehwari
19k
Luric
Southern Luri
4.0m
Bakhtiari
1.2m
Northern Luri
457k
Dezfuli
few
 
Italic
 
Eastern Romance
 
Aromanian
210k
North
Romanian
24m
Megleno Romanian
5.0k
Istro Romanian
300
 
Italo-Western Romance
 
Italo-Dalmatian
Italian
68m
Neapolitan
5.7m
Sicilian
4.7m
Istriot
400
Western
Spanish
485m
Portuguese
230m
French
81m
Catalan
4.1m
Venetian
3.9m
Lombard
3.8m
Piedmontese
2.0m
Galician
1.6m
Emilian
1.3m
Romagnol
1.1m
Picard
700k
Asturian
632k
Ligurian
600k
Walloon
500k
Friulian
420k
Cajun
250k
Extremaduran
200k
Occitan
200k
Arpitan
130k
Sassarese
100k
Ladino
51k
Ladin
41k
Romansh
40k
Mirandese
15k
Aragonese
11k
Fala
11k
Daman-Diu Portuguese
4.1k
Charapa
2.7k
Faetar
1.0k
Korlai Portuguese
800
Minderico
500
Gardiol
300
Judeo-Italian
250
Cafundo
40
 
Southern Romance
 
Corsic
Corsican
150k
Gallurese
100k
Sardinian
Campidanese
500k
Logudorese
500k
Indo-Aryan
 
Isolates
 
Khowar
800k
Dameli
5.0k
Kalasha
5.0k
 
Gawarbatic
 
Gawar-Bati
36k
Shumashtic
Grangali
4.5k
Shumashti
1.0k
 
Dhivehi-Sinhala
 
Dhivehi
340k
Sinhalaic
Sinhala
16m
Veddah
300
 
Eastern Dardic
 
Himachali
Dogri
1.6m
Kangri
1.1m
Mahasu Pahari
1.0m
Mandeali
623k
Bilaspuri
300k
Kullu Pahari
196k
Gaddi
181k
Jaunsari
137k
Chambeali
126k
Bhadrawahi
120k
Sirmauri
107k
Churahi
76k
Hinduri
48k
Bhattiyali
24k
Pangwali
19k
Kinnauri Pahari
6.3k
Lahul Lohar
750
Chinali
220
Kashmiric
Kashmiri
7.1m
Khah
~300k
Nuclear
Shina
720k
Kohistani Shina
458k
Indus Kohistani
200k
Torwali
130k
Gawri
100k
Bateri
29k
Palula
10k
Sauji
9.0k
Kalkoti
6.0k
Brokskat
3.0k
Ushojo
2.0k
Chilisso
1.0k
Gowro
1.0k
Kundal Shahi
700
Mankiyali
500
 
Eastern Zone
 
Halbic
Halbi
766k
Bhatri
334k
Kamar
40k
Nahari
20k
Bhunjia
6.8k
OGK
Bengali
234m
Odia
35m
Assamese
15m
Rangpuri
15m
Chittagonian
14m
Sylheti
10m
Noakhali
7.0m
Sambalpuri
2.6m
Rohingya
2.5m
Surjapuri
2.3m
Chakma
378k
Adivasi Oriya
230k
Rajbanshi
170k
Bodo Parja
156k
Lodhi
139k
Bishnupriya
120k
Hajong
80k
Mal Paharia
50k
Kharia Thar
25k
Tangchangya
22k
Reli
13k
Kupia
6.6k
Kurmukar
3.0k
 
Midlands
 
Apabhramsic
Gujarati
57m
Lambadi
4.9m
Mewari
4.2m
Merwari
3.9m
Godwari
3.0m
Mewati
3.0m
Shekhawati
3.0m
Hadothi
2.9m
Od
2.0m
Bagri
1.9m
Dhundari
1.5m
Gujari
1.5m
Wadiyara Koli
583k
Kachi Koli
500k
Dubli
250k
Parkari Koli
250k
Suarashtra
248k
Kanjari
210k
Dhatki
200k
Goaria
25k
Parya
5.2k
Jandavra
~5k
Vaghri
4.8k
Gade Lohar
1.0k
Kabutra
1.0k
Aer
100
Bhaya
70
India Marwari
?
Pakistan Marwari
?
Bhil
Malvi
5.4m
Wagdi
3.4m
Bhili
3.2m
Nimadi
2.3m
Bhilali
1.2m
Pauri Bareli
991k
Dhodia
470k
Rathawi
451k
Rathwi Bareli
359k
Mawchi
285k
Dungra Bhil
200k
Vasavi
187k
Gamit
140k
Chodri
111k
Adiwasi Garasia
100k
Noiri
100k
Rajput Garasia
100k
Pardhi
69k
Nahali
15k
Palya Bareli
10k
Vaagri Booli
9.3k
Bauria
63k
North zone
Nepali
16m
Garhwali
2.5m
Kumaoni
2.2m
Dotyali
790k
Jumli
40k
Khandesic
Khandesi
1.9m
Dhanki
150k
Shaurasenic
Hindi
322m
Urdu
70m
Bhojpuri
51m
Maithili
34m
Chhattisgarhi
18m
Angika
15m
Magahi
13m
Haryanvi
10m
Kanauji
9.5m
Bundeli
5.6m
Sadri
4.9m
Awadhi
4.4m
Bagheli
2.7m
Braj
1.6m
Kudmali
556k
Dangaura Tharu
674k
Balkan Romani
600k
Vlax Romani
538k
Rana Tharu
486k
Fiji Hindi
380k
Powari
326k
Caribbean Hindustani
299k
Chitwania Tharu
285k
Domari
280k
Kochila Tharu
258k
Angloromani
250k
Sinte Romani
210k
Panchpargania
194k
Oraon Sadri
168k
Carpathian Romani
150k
Kathoriya Tharu
106k
Caló
60k
Buksa
59k
Bhariati
50k
Musasa
50k
Baltic Romani
46k
Gurgula
35k
Bote
25k
Danuwar
24k
Majhi
24k
Dewas Rai
22k?
Kalo Finnish Romani
12k
Kumhali
12k
Ghera
10k
Darai
3.1k
Sonha
579
Domaaki
340
 
Northwestern Zone
 
Panjabic
Western Panjabi
63m
Eastern Panjabi
50m
Saraiki
26m
Pahari Potwari
4.8m
North Hindko
~3m
South Hindko
~3m
Sansi
80k
Sirajic
46k
Sindhic
Sindhi
32m
Memoni
1.8m
Kachchi
1.0m
Khetrani
100k
Sindhi Bhil
60k
Jadgali
~30k
Luwati
8.9k
Kholosi
1.8k
Lasi
?
 
Southern Zone
 
Katkari
12k
Marathi-Knk.
Marathi
83m
Varhadi
7.0m
Konkan Marathi
2.4m
Goan Konkani
2.0m
Dungar Varli
390k
Samvedi
60k
Phudagi
2.5k
 
Pashayi
 
Eastern
Northeast Pashayi
~100k
Southeast Pashayi
~100k
Western
Northwest Pashayi
~100k
Southwest Pashayi
~100k
10 Comments
+2
Level 34
Jun 7, 2023
I think Norwegian is considered part of west scandinavian, not east scandinavian
+2
Level 67
Jun 7, 2023
On Ethnologue, it's considered East Scandinavian. https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroup/1031/

It's probably because Icelandic and Faroese are spoken much further west than the rest of the North Germanic languages, so they probably split the groups based on that isolation and the linguistic differences that arose from that.

+4
Level 65
Jun 13, 2023
I didn't have the time to take the whole quiz but it's evident you put a lot of work into this, nice job!
+2
Level 67
Jun 13, 2023
Thank you!
+1
Level 69
Jun 21, 2023
9 million Emilian speakers? Really?
+1
Level 67
Jun 22, 2023
That was the number listed on wikipedia, so that's what I put.
+1
Level 57
Sep 16, 2023
Could you add Vilamovian as a type-in for Wymysorys and Saterland frisian for Saterfriesisch?

Also, could you add Kursenieki, or is that too close to latvian?

+1
Level 67
Sep 16, 2023
I've added the type-ins. Also, the languages I used were the ones listed on Ethnologue, and Kersenieki is not listed. It's also not even listed under glottolog as a dialect, but it might be under a different name.
+1
Level 67
Dec 11, 2023
UPDATE:

This quiz now uses the Glottolog classification, and there are some things that need specifying:

1. Colors:

Languages marked in red have no native speakers

Blue are creoles

Purple fits both criteria

2. Creoles:

Creoles are only included IF it is a mix between ONLY Indo-European languages. For example, Bislama is NOT included because it is a mix of English and a NON-IE language (in this case, Oceanic languages), but a Hindi-English creole would be included because they are both IE.

3. Classification:

Some groups have been split to show more detail.These are:

a. Indo-Iranian into Nuristani, Indo-Aryan and Iranian

b. Central Iranian into Adharic, Balochic, Caspian,

Kermanic, Komisenian, Kurdish, and an isolate

c. Middle-Modern Indo-Aryan into Dhivehi Sinhala, E.

Dardic and Continental Indo-Aryan, and

d. Continental Indo-Aryan into the Eastern, Northwest, and

Southern zones and Midlands Indo-Aryan

4. South Lucanian isn't included because I can't confirm it's existance.

+1
Level 67
Dec 11, 2023
Also, some names listed in Glottolog are changed or abbreviated in this quiz.