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14th Century Events

100 years, 100 questions.
Answer must correspond to the yellow box
Quiz by carrow
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Last updated: June 12, 2021
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First submittedJune 12, 2021
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Average score33.0%
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Year
Hint
Answer
1301
This Florentine poet is sent as an emissary to Rome
Dante Alighieri
1302
The end of the Crusades, as the final European garrison on this island falls
Ruad
1303
This European sea unusually freezes over entirely, as the Little Ice Age begins
Baltic
1304
English forces capture this Scottish castle
Stirling Castle
1305
This iconic Scottish leader is hung, drawn and quartered in London
William Wallace
1306
This claimant to the Scottish throne murders his rival John Comyn at Greyfriars
Robert the Bruce
1307
Members of this Catholic military order are arrested across France
Knights Templar
1308
This Hapsburg monarch is assassinated by his nephew
Albert I
1309
The seat of the papacy moves from Rome to this French city
Avignon
1310
The Knights Hospitaller complete their conquest of this Mediterranean island
Rhodes
1311
Completion of this cathedral's spire makes it the tallest building in the world, surpassing the Great Pyramid
Lincoln Cathedral
1312
Genoese explorer Lancelotto Malocello becomes the first European to visit these islands since antiquity
Canary Islands
1313
This briefly-reigning Holy Roman Emperor dies of malaria while campaigning
Henry VII
1314
The English are defeated at this battle, the most celebrated in Scottish history
Bannockburn
1315
Almost all of Europe is afflicted by the Great ______
Famine
1316
This French king and tennis aficionado dies of pleurisy or pneumonia
Louis X
1317
King Berger of Sweden imprisons his brothers at the _________ Banquet
Nykoping
1318
The Scots recapture this border town from the English
Berwick-upon-Tweed
1319
This three-year-old becomes King of Sweden
Magnus IV
1320
Dante Alighieri completes this long narrative poem
The Divine Comedy
1321
A conspiracy theory spreads that sufferers of this disease are poisoning wells
Leprosy
1322
Major victory for the Scots over the English at this battle in Yorkshire
Battle of Old Byland
1323
The last remnants of this building, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, are destroyed in an earthquake
Lighthouse of Alexandria
1324
This Italian scholar publishes Defensor pacis, a treatise promoting the secular state
Marsilius of Padua
1325
According to popular myth, Bologna and Modena go to war over the theft of this object
Bucket
1326
A treaty is ratified in the ongoing Flemish _______ revolt
Peasant
1327
This English king is deposed and, allegedly, sodomised to death with a hot poker
Edward II
1328
This English philosopher is excommunicated after fleeing Avignon
William of Ockham
1329
The Pope condemns the teachings of this German philosopher as heretical
Meister Eckhart
1330
This regent is arrested and executed by Edward III, accused of assuming royal power
Roger Mortimer
1331
Poland defeats the ________ Order at the Battle of Plowce
Teutonic
1332
This claimant to the throne mounts an invasion of Scotland
Edward Balliol
1333
Flooding destroys this famous bridge in Florence
Ponte Vecchio
1334
The first foundations are laid for the tower of this cathedral
Florence Cathedral
1335
Sweden outlaws this practice
Slavery
1336
This influential Central Asian conqueror is born near Samarkand
Tamerlane
1337
Beginning of the _______ _____ War
Hundred Years'
1338
First definitive evidence of this timekeeping device
Hourglass
1339
Every street in this city is paved, the first European city to do so since Roman times
Florence
1340
Construction begins on this palace in Venice
Doge's Palace
1341
A war of succession begins in this region of France
Brittany
1342
Central Europe is devastated by St Mary Magdalene's _____
Flood
1343
This part of Italy is devastated by an earthquake and tsunami
Amalfi Coast
1344
Castillian forces capture this city from the Moors
Algeciras
1345
Turkish forces drive Christian crusaders from this recently captured Greek city
Smyrna
1346
This blind Bohemian king is killed in Battle of Crecy
John of Bohemia
1347
This deadly pandemic arrives in Europe
Black Death
1348
Blamed for the pandemic, these people are violently persecuted across Europe
Jews
1349
A papal bull officially condemns these Catholic radicals who whip themselves
Flagellants
1350
This English king personally leads a fleet to victory in a naval battle against Castile
Edward III
1351
This crime against the state or monarch is codified in England
Treason
1352
Foundation of Corpus _______ College at the University of Cambridge
Christi
1353
Italian writer Giovanni Boccaccio completes this collection of stories
The Decameron
1354
This Muslim scholar and explorer begins writing an account of his travels
Ibn Battuta
1355
Dozens are killed in a violent conflict between students and townspeople in this city
Oxford
1356
This city is devastated by the deadliest earthquake in Central European history
Basel
1357
First use of this Italian word for a common viral illness
Influenza
1358
Foundation of the Republic of Ragusa, centred on this city in modern-day Croatia
Dubrovnik
1359
Full power is restored to this Swedish king after his son and co-ruler dies
Magnus IV
1360
Signing the Treaty of Bretigny, Edward III relinquishes his claim to the ______ throne
French
1361
Edward the _____ Prince marries Joan of Kent
Black
1362
This extratropical storm kills 25,000 in Western Europe
Grote Mandrenke
1363
The Battle of Lake ______ in China, one of the largest naval battles in history
Poyang
1364
The foundation of this university, the oldest in Poland
Jagiellonian University
1365
The foundation of this university in Austria
University of Vienna
1366
The death of this German mystic
Henry Suso
1367
This prince ascends to the Portuguese throne
Ferdinand I
1368
The Ming dynasty drives the ____ dynasty out of China and back into Mongolia
Yuan
1369
The sinking of its only supply ship leaves this European colony isolated
Greenland
1370
Construction begins on this fortress in Paris
The Bastille
1371
First appearance of these instruments for playing games
Playing cards
1372
This soldier launches a fleet to recapture the Welsh throne
Owain Lawgoch
1373
An alliance, remaining in force today, is signed between England and this country
Portugal
1374
The king grants this English writer a gallon of wine a day for the rest of his life
Geoffrey Chaucer
1375
The English cede large amounts of territory to the French in the Treaty of ______
Bruges
1376
The governors of this Italian city are excommunicated by the Pope
Florence
1377
This office returns to Rome from Avignon
Papacy
1378
Beginning of the _______ Schism in the Catholic Church
Western
1379
After raiding a nunnery, this Lord Marshal of England is drowned at sea
John FitzAlan
1380
The Battle of Kulikovo, deadliest of the century, takes place near this Russian river
Don
1381
The ________ Revolt breaks out across England
Peasants'
1382
This religious reformer translates the Bible into English
John Wycliffe
1383
Supposed foundation of this famous Munich brewery
Lowenbrau
1384
This 10-year-old girl, Poland's first female ruler, ascends to the throne
Jadwiga
1385
Poland joins with this country in the Union of Krewo
Lithuania
1386
The foundation of this university, the oldest in Germany
Heidelberg University
1387
Geoffrey Chaucer begins writing this collection of stories
The Canterbury Tales
1388
The royal court in England is convicted of treason by the _________ Parliament
Merciless
1389
A civil war breaks out in this country, the largest in Europe at the time
Lithuania
1390
This king of Castile dies after falling from his horse
John I
1391
Anti-Jewish pogroms erupt in this Spanish city
Seville
1392
Foundation of the ______ Dynasty, which will rule Korea for 500 years
Joseon
1393
Four French nobles are accidentally burned to death at this masquerade ball
Bal des Ardents
1394
Adherents of this religion are expelled from France
Judaism
1395
John Rykener is arrested in London for this crime
Sodomy
1396
King Richard II, aged 29, marries this 6-year-old
Isabella of Valois
1397
Sweden, Denmark and Norway are joined together in the ______ Union
Kalmar
1398
According to fringe theorists, this Scottish explorer visits North America
Henry Sinclair
1399
This king of England is crowned after deposing Richard II
Henry IV
1400
Richard II starves to death while held in this Yorkshire castle
Pontefract
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