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An alternative theory states that the term derives from the word Maha ("great") and Rashtra ("nation/dominion")
Her economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are world heritage sites.
The region was ruled by several empires, including the three great empires – Chera, Chola and Pandyan empires
Durga Puja is the biggest, most popular and widely celebrated festival
Originally known as the State of Mysore, she was renamed in 1973
The third-smallest state in the country, it covers 10,491 km 2
Her capital, the Pink City, is noted for the ancient houses made of a type of sandstone dominated by a pink hue
Nickname(s): God's Own Country, Spice Garden of India, Land of Coconuts
On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital
The Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata for example, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers"
She hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent
She is famous for her living root bridges, a kind of suspension bridge made over rivers using intertwined roots of Ficus elastica trees planted on opposite banks of the river or hill slopes
Her famous kitchen of the Shri Jagannath Temple, is reputed to be the largest in the world, with 1,000 chefs, working around 752 wood-burning clay hearths called chulas, to feed over 10,000 people each day
Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota Range at barrier island is India's primary orbital launch site
Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.
Her Gir Forest National Park is home of the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world
Tata Steel, a S&P CNX 500 conglomerate has its corporate office and main plant in Tatanagar
Notable for her biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth
During the 1959 Tibetan uprising, the Dalai Lama came here and currently lives here as a refugee
The Meitei ethnic group represents around 53% of the population of the state, followed by various Naga tribes at 24% and various Kuki-Zo tribes at 16%