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Biggest Cities of the American Old West with a Map

The Old West, a sparse land full of mythos and legends, cities few and far between. Can you name the 100 biggest of said cities in the Wild West at its peak?
Note: Some of these cities no longer exist.
Information taken from the 1880 U.S. Census.
Quiz by FlabberBapper
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Last updated: January 11, 2024
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First submittedDecember 7, 2023
Times taken7,423
Average score24.0%
Rating4.71
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Population
City
State
233,959
San Francisco
California
35,629
Denver
Colorado
34,555
Oakland
California
21,420
Sacramento
California
17,577
Portland
Oregon
14,820
Leadville
Colorado
12,567
San Jose
California
11,183
Los Angeles
California
10,917
Virginia City
Nevada
10,282
Stockton
California
5,987
Vallejo
California
5,708
Alameda
California
5,040
Silver Cliff
Colorado
4,531
Gold Hill
Nevada
4,321
Marysville
California
4,229
Carson City
Nevada
4,226
Colorado Springs
Colorado
4,207
Eureka
Nevada
4,022
Nevada City
California
3,898
Santa Cruz
California
3,731
Napa
California
3,616
Santa Rosa
California
3,460
Santa Barbara
California
3,326
Petaluma
California
3,300
Chico
California
3,294
Georgetown
Colorado
3,217
Pueblo
Colorado
3,069
Boulder
Colorado
2,803
Astoria
Oregon
2,730
Golden
Colorado
2,712
Bodie
California
2,639
Eureka
California
2,637
San Diego
California
2,626
Central City
Colorado
2,538
Salem
Oregon
2,416
Santa Clara
California
2,276
San Rafael
California
2,257
Woodland
California
2,243
San Luis Obispo
California
2,232
The Dalles
Oregon
2,226
Trinidad
Colorado
2,141
Buena Vista
Colorado
2,106
Red Bluff
California
1,951
Placerville
California
1,891
Pitkin
Colorado
1,854
Salinas
California
1,799
Watsonville
California
1,794
Benicia
California
1,779
Colusa
California
1,743
Oroville
California
1,693
Modesto
California
1,679
Austin
Nevada
1,673
San Bernardino
California
1,657
Breckenridge
Colorado
1,621
Gilroy
California
1,540
Black Hawk
Colorado
1,501
Cañon City
Colorado
1,492
Sonora
California
1,453
Ysleta
Texas
1,446
Merced
California
1,443
South Pueblo
Colorado
1,412
Visalia
California
1,396
Monterey
California
Population
City
Territory
20,768
Salt Lake City
Utah
7,007
Tucson
Arizona
6,635
Santa Fe
New Mexico
6,069
Ogden
Utah
3,777
Deadwood
Dakota
3,624
Helena
Montana
3,588
Walla Walla
Washington
3,533
Seattle
Washington
3,456
Cheyenne
Wyoming
3,432
Provo
Utah
3,396
Logan
Utah
3,363
Butte
Montana
2,696
Laramie
Wyoming
2,315
Albuquerque
New Mexico
2,312
Springville
Utah
2,304
Spanish Fork
Utah
2,004
Mount Pleasant
Utah
1,899
Boise
Idaho
1,877
Brigham City
Utah
1,836
Prescott
Arizona
1,825
American Fork
Utah
1,800
Silver City
New Mexico
1,797
Nephi
Utah
1,788
Payson
Utah
1,775
Pleasant Grove
Utah
1,758
Bismarck
Dakota
1,748
Manti
Utah
1,732
Beaver
Utah
1,722
Vancouver
Washington
1,708
Phoenix
Arizona
1,698
Ephraim
Utah
1,618
Fort Benton
Montana
1,542
Park City
Utah
1,490
Lehi
Utah
1,451
Rawlins
Wyoming
1,437
Lead
Dakota
1,384
St. George
Utah
22 Comments
+16
Level 68
Dec 7, 2023
The only thing I love more than this quiz is you and maybe cheeseburgers
+15
Level 74
Dec 7, 2023
Damn thats pretty hot, thanks sexy
+2
Level 45
Dec 8, 2023
I forgot a lot of them.... might be time for me to review my us cities skills then... (and well done beautiful map)
+4
Level 85
Dec 8, 2023
Impressed with your map and quiz!
+2
Level 85
Dec 8, 2023
Congrats on the feature!
+1
Level 91
Dec 8, 2023
The points are always wonky on new quizzes: "Beat 65.2% of test takers, receive 0 points."
+23
Level 74
Dec 8, 2023
For anyone curious on why I added the historically accurate lakes? I just felt like it. If you're asking why some lakes like the Salton Sea aren't shown here? Didn't exist yet. If you're asking what the hell that big lake in the middle of California is? It's Tulare Lake. It did exist. It doesn't exist anymore. We miss Tulare Lake. R.I.P. Tulare Lake.
+14
Level ∞
Dec 8, 2023
Wow, I didn't even notice. Amazing detail!
+7
Level 86
Dec 8, 2023
Ah, 1880, when Leadville, Colorado was bigger than Los Angeles.
+4
Level 74
Dec 8, 2023
My favorite is when my hometown of Placerville was bigger than Phoenix
+1
Level 46
May 13, 2024
My mom was reading a book about the guy that personally funded the rail road from SLC to Los Angeles and he received so much backlash from people saying "why would anyone want to go to Los Angeles?)
+4
Level 82
Dec 8, 2023
I only got 17, I really should have guessed Sacramento, Tuscon, and San Jose. There was no way in a million years I would have guessed Virginia City XD
+1
Level 65
Jan 9, 2024
Don't worry, there will be a few other thickos who did badly too.
+3
Level 48
Dec 8, 2023
hey congrats on the feature
+4
Level 85
Dec 8, 2023
What a map! Wonderful quiz.
+3
Level 65
Dec 11, 2023
love that outlaw font!
+2
Level 70
Dec 11, 2023
amazing how walla walla was at one point bigger than seattle
+2
Level 78
Jan 9, 2024
It's its not it's in the description thanks :)
+3
Level 69
Jan 9, 2024
Awesome quiz. For the curious, the largest Alaskan city at the time was Sitka with 916 residents, missing the cutoff by quite a bit.
+2
Level 74
Jan 9, 2024
Lowkey glad it did miss the cutoff cause I really didn't want to figure out how to fit Alaska in on this map lol. Same with Hawaii not yet being part of the U.S.
+5
Level 67
Jan 11, 2024
That there's a mighty fine quiz, pardner, but I reckon you've got an extraneous apostrophe in the phrase "its peak."
+3
Level 74
Jan 11, 2024
Darn tootin, I reckon you might be right, bucko. I'll get to a-fixin it.