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Napoleon I or Napoleon III?

"History repeats itself, first as a tragedy, then as a farce." Karl Marx, on Napoleon III. During its history, France went through two Empires, each one led by a Napoleon. Can you tell their reigns apart?
Quiz by Kimiimaro
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Last updated: July 18, 2021
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First submittedNovember 10, 2019
Times taken82
Average score80.0%
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1. Which Napoleon's ultimate end as the head of France was marked by a lost battle?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Both Empires ended after a lost battle. Napoleon I's ultimate defeat was at Waterloo, Napoleon III was ultimately defeated at Sedan.
2. Which Napoleon was elected the President before becoming the Emperor?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte was elected the President of France in 1848, before organising a coup d'état after which he proclaimed himself Napoleon III, the Emperor of the French. Napoleon I held the position of the First Consul.
3. Which Napoleon fought against the Russian Empire?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon I's possibly best known campaign was his invasion of Russia in 1812. Napoleon III entered the Crimean war to help the Ottoman Empire against Russian Tsar Nicholas I.
4. Whose rival was Otto von Bismarck?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
The Iron Chancellor of the Kingdom of Prussia was contemporary of Napoleon III. Eventually, Bismarck provoked Napoleon III to declare war on Prussia, which caused the end of the Second French Empire after Napoleon III was captured after the Battle of Sedan.
5. Which Napoleon established puppet states in Europe?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Overthrowing local rulers militarily, Napoleon I established puppet kingdoms and republics, placing his relatives in charge of these.
6. Which Napoleon's rule was followed by restoration of the Bourbons?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
After being forced to abdicate, Napoleon I was followed by King Louis XVIII of the House of Bourbon. Napoleon III's Empire was replaced by the Third French Republic.
7. Which Napoleon died in exile?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon I died on Saint Helena, Napoleon III died in the United Kingdom.
8. Which Napoleon is the author of the Napoleonic Code?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Napoleon I introduced this civil code in 1804. Through Napoleonic wars, it spread and influenced the civil codes of most of European countries of that time.
9. Which Napoleon is known for ordering the renovation of Paris?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon III ordered the great renovation of Paris after becoming an Emperor. This restoration was directed by prefect Georges-Eugène Haussmann.
10. Which Napoleon played a major role in the Risorgimento (Italian unification process)?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Allying the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont, Napoleon III helped the Italians in conquering most of Italian lands belonging to Austrian Empire. Later, however, he blocked the Italians from conquering the entirety of the Papal State.
11. Which Napoleon was born in Corsica?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769 as Napoleone di Buonaparte in Corsica (in a city called Ajaccio), which France purchased from Genoa in 1767.
12. Which Napoleon built the Arc de Triomphe in Paris?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon I commisioned the building of the Arc de Triomphe to commemorate his victory at Austerlitz.
13. Which Napoleon led an intervention in Mexico?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon III tried to establish an Empire in Mexico, with the House of Habsburg as the imperial family. However, this effort failed, and led to execution of Maximilian I, the Mexican Emperor.
14. Which Napoleon was the Emperor twice?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
Napoleon I was first forced to abdicate and was exiled to Elba after his failed Russian campaign. However, he returned back to France, gaining back his position, before being losing the throne for the second time, after the Battle of Waterloo.
15. Which Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman Empire?
Napoleon I
Napoleon III
Both
After the Battle of Austerlitz, Napoleon I forced Emperor Franz II to give up his title of the Holy Roman Emperor and formed the Rhine Confederation to replace the Empire.
+2
Level 17
Dec 5, 2019
This is a great quiz! I wish I had thought of it. :)
+1
Level 77
Feb 13, 2020
I wish there were more quizzes like this. Fun and educational.