All Caliphs

Name all ecumenical caliphs, or in other words, the caliphs that were widely recognised as the true leaders of Islam at some point.
As many caliphs share the same name/regnal title, you might want to try to name them in order
This quiz uses the titles of the caliphs used by the source, which sometimes is the personal name of the caliph, and sometimes their regnal title
Based on this page on Wikipedia
Feedback is appreciated
Quiz by Kokoanka
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Last updated: May 13, 2022
First submittedFebruary 27, 2021
Times taken216
Average score21.6%
Rating4.40
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Rashidun
#
Years
Caliphs
1
632 - 634
Abū Bakr
2
634 - 644
ʿUmar ibn al-Khattab
3
644 - 656
'Uthman ibn 'Affan
4
656 - 661
'Ali ibn Abi Talib
5
661
Ḥasan ibn ʿAli
 
 
 
Umayyad
#
Years
Caliphs
6
661 - 680
Mu'awiyah I
7
680 - 683
Yazid I
8
683 - 684
Mu'awiyah II
9
684 - 685
Marwan I
10
685 - 705
'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
11
705 - 715
Al-Walid I
12
715 - 717
Sulayman ibn 'Abd al-Malik
13
717 - 720
'Umar ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz
14
720 - 724
Yazid II
15
724 - 743
Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik
16
743 - 744
Al-Walid II
17
744
Yazid III
18
744
Ibrahim ibn al-Walid
19
744 - 750
Marwan II
 
 
 
Abbasid
#
Years
Caliphs
20
750 - 754
as-Saffāḥ
21
754 - 775
al-Manṣūr
22
775 - 785
al-Mahdī bi-'llāh
23
785 - 786
al-Hādī
24
786 - 809
Hārūn ar-Rashīd
25
809 - 813
al-Amīn
26
813 - 833
al-Maʾmūn
27
833 - 842
al-Muʿtaṣim bi-’llāh
28
842 - 847
al-Wāthiq bi-'llāh
29
847 - 861
al-Mutawakkil ʿalā 'llāh
30
861 - 862
al-Muntaṣir bi-'llāh
31
862 - 866
al-Mustaʿīn bi-ʾllāh
32
866 - 869
al-Muʿtazz bi-ʾllāh
33
869 - 870
al-Muhtadī bi-'llāh
34
870 - 892
al-Muʿtamid ʿalā ’llāh
35
892 - 902
al-Muʿtaḍid bi-'llāh
36
902 - 908
al-Muktafī bi-'llāh
37
908 - 929
al-Muqtadir bi-'llāh
38
929
al-Qāhir bi-'llāh
(37)
929 - 932
al-Muqtadir bi-'llāh
(38)
932 - 934
al-Qāhir bi-'llāh
39
934 - 940
ar-Rāḍī bi-'llāh
40
940 - 944
al-Muttaqī li-'llāh
41
944 - 946
al-Mustakfī bi-ʾllāh
42
946 - 974
al-Muṭīʿ li-ʾllāh
43
974 - 991
aṭ-Ṭāʾiʿ li-amri ʿllāh
44
991 - 1031
al-Qādir bi-'llāh
45
1031 - 1075
al-Qāʾim bi-amri 'llāh
46
1075 - 1094
al-Muqtadī bi-amri ’llāh
47
1094 - 1118
al-Mustaẓhir bi-'llāh
48
1118 - 1135
al-Mustarshid bi-'llāh
49
1135 - 1136
ar-Rāshid bi-'llāh
50
1136 - 1160
al-Muqtafī li-ʾamri ’llāh
51
1160 - 1170
al-Mustanjid bi-'llāh
52
1170 - 1180
al-Mustaḍīʾ bi-amri ʾllāh
53
1180 - 1225
an-Nāṣir li-Dīni’llāh
54
1225 - 1226
aẓ-Ẓāhir bi-amri’llāh
55
1226 - 1242
al-Mustanṣir bi-'llāh
56
1242 -1258
al-Musta'ṣim bi-'llāh
Abbasid (Mamluk Sultanate)
#
Years
Caliphs
57
1261
Al-Mustansir
58
1261 - 1302
Al-Hakim I
59
1302 - 1340
Al-Mustakfi I
60
1340 - 1341
Al-Wathiq I
61
1341 - 1352
Al-Hakim II
62
1352 - 1362
Al-Mu'tadid I
63
1362 - 1377
Al-Mutawakkil I
64
1377
Al-Mus'tasim
(63)
1377 - 1383
Al-Mutawakkil I
65
1383 - 1386
Al-Wathiq II
(64)
1386 - 1389
Al-Mus'tasim
(63)
1389 - 1406
Al-Mutawakkil I
66
1406 - 1414
Al-Musta'in
67
1414 - 1441
Al-Mu'tadid II
68
1441 - 1451
Al-Mustakfi II
69
1451 - 1455
Al-Qa'im
70
1455 - 1479
Al-Mustanjid
71
1479 - 1497
Al-Mutawakkil II
72
1497 - 1506
Al-Mustamsik
73
1506 - 1516
Al-Mutawakkil III
(72)
1516 - 1517
Al-Mustamsik
(73)
1517
Al-Mutawakkil III
 
 
 
Ottoman
#
Years
Caliphs
74
1517 - 1520
Selim I
75
1520 - 1566
Suleiman I
76
1566 - 1574
Selim II
77
1574 - 1595
Murad III
78
1595 - 1603
Mehmed III
79
1603 - 1617
Ahmed I
80
1617 - 1618
Mustafa I
81
1618 - 1622
Osman II
(80)
1617 - 1618
Mustafa I
82
1623 - 1640
Murad IV
83
1640 - 1648
Ibrahim
84
1648 - 1687
Mehmed IV
85
1687 - 1691
Suleiman II
86
1691 - 1695
Ahmed II
87
1695 - 1703
Mustafa II
88
1703 - 1730
Ahmed III
89
1730 - 1754
Mahmud I
90
1754 - 1757
Osman III
91
1757 - 1774
Mustafa III
92
1774 - 1789
Abdul Hamid I
93
1789 - 1807
Selim III
94
1807 - 1808
Mustafa IV
95
1808 - 1839
Mahmud II
96
1839 - 1861
Abdulmejid I
97
1861 - 1876
Abdulaziz
98
1876
Murad V
99
1876 - 1909
Abdul Hamid II
100
1909 - 1918
Mehmed V
101
1918 - 1922
Mehmed VI
102
1922 - 1924
Abdulmejid II
+1
Level 79
Jan 23, 2022
For quizzes specific to a single caliphate, you can check out the rest of the series here!
+2
Level 54
Mar 20, 2021
Nice quiz, glad to see you also add the Abbasids during Mamluks reign
+1
Level 54
Mar 20, 2021
Can you plz accept Waleed for Walid
+1
Level 79
Mar 20, 2021
will do
+1
Level 83
Mar 20, 2021
After the first three, none of these men actually deserved the title as none of them ruled over the entire Muslim world. Some had dominion over significant portions of it.
+2
Level 72
Mar 20, 2021
Controversial but objective. Ali certainly deserved the title... but he was barred from excercizing its full powers, let's put it that way. You can think of it like an elected president by the majority of the populous who was nevertheless continuously impeached by one of the major parties who had supreme control over the minority of the states that didn't vote for him. That was Muwayia's party, for lack of a better comparison... (i know I might be mixing up government and legislature but these were the olden days... bigger army diplomacy). Yes, essentially it was a civil war, but it built up slowly over the course of his sticky five-year reign.
+3
Level 72
Mar 20, 2021
Oh and wait a minute... most of the Umayyad caliphs after and including Muwaiya himself, with the exception of Yazid and a couple of others (around the second civil war) did have supreme political control over the Islamic world, which was just one sprawling empire at the time. And, yes, I'm including Ibadi Oman. The big splits happened gradually after the Abbasids took over. If you meant supreme spiritual control... then that could be up for debate.
+1
Level 79
Mar 20, 2021
Yeah, I thought so too. Islam wasn't widespread outside of the borders of the Umayyad caliphate during most of their reign, or am I wrong?
+4
Level 72
Mar 21, 2021
You're not. Islam as a faith wasn't widespread even within the empire's borders. It actually took several centuries for Islam to become the majority religion across the caliphate. Many regions maintained their original faith under the Jizyah system for a very long time, since their churches and institutions were largely protected, and they had no incentives to leave their homelands. That explains, for example, why there is a sizeable minority of Christians in Egypt today (about 10% of the population), and also in some Levantine countries, after almost 14 centuries of their conquest.
+2
Level 54
Jun 2, 2021
Great Quiz!!