Smallest Countries with Cities over 1M

Name the 25 smallest countries (by population) that have at least one city with a population of at least one million.
City populations are urban agglomeration population according to citypopulation.de
Country populations are from Wikipedia
Quiz by cornflakesfu
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Last updated: October 19, 2021
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First submittedJuly 29, 2018
Times taken1,041
Average score48.0%
Rating4.63
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Country Population
Largest City Population
Country
1,501,635
1,570,000
Bahrain
2,487,000
1,010,000
Gambia
2,799,202
2,300,000
Qatar
2,963,900
1,500,000
Armenia
3,403,194
1,430,000
Mongolia
3,554,915
1,870,000
Uruguay
3,728,573
1,360,000
Georgia
4,271,197
1,310,000
Mauritania
4,278,500
1,560,000
Panama
4,513,666
1,330,000
Oman
4,661,010
1,650,000
Liberia
4,670,713
4,500,000
Kuwait
5,011,500
1,400,000
Ireland
5,132,600
1,490,000
New Zealand
5,163,038
2,375,000
Costa Rica
5,402,171
1,210,000
Norway
5,453,600
7,900,000
Singapore
5,514,825
1,320,000
Finland
5,633,412
1,230,000
Central African Republic
5,657,000
2,350,000
Republic of the Congo
5,850,189
1,690,000
Denmark
6,118,000
1,440,000
Turkmenistan
6,595,674
1,350,000
Nicaragua
6,663,000
1,120,000
Kyrgyzstan
6,769,000
1,790,000
Lebanon
+1
Level 85
Jul 29, 2018
Yes, for two of these, the urban agglomeration population is, in fact, larger than the population of the entire country. This is true whether I use the country population statistics from Wikipedia or the ones from citypop. I assume it is because these are small countries, and citypop considers the urban agglomeration to extend beyond the country's borders.

In any case, the population of both cities is well over 1,000,000, so I feel confident saying that at least a million of the people in those areas live within the country's borders.

+2
Level 84
Sep 30, 2020
How can Bahrain's urban agglomeration extend beyond the border when it's an island?
+1
Level 85
Sep 30, 2020
Good question. I thought it might be the different sources, but citypop lists the exact same population for Bahrain as Wikipedia does. My guess would be because the dates are different--the date on the country population estimate is 2018, but I believe the urban agglomeration population estimate is for 2020.
+1
Level 85
Jul 29, 2018
Fun fact: exactly one of the countries on this list has two cities over 1,000,000. Guess which one!
+1
Level 72
Sep 2, 2018
Libya
+1
Level 85
Sep 2, 2018
Haha I had forgotten I asked this. Nope, not Libya!
+1
Level 88
Nov 26, 2018
Alma-Ata and Astana in Kazakhstan would be my guess.
+1
Level 85
Nov 26, 2018
You're right that those two cities are over a million, but with a total population of over 18 million, Kazakhstan is not small enough to make this list.
+1
Level 63
Oct 19, 2022
Norway
+1
Level 85
Oct 19, 2022
The correct answer is below.
+1
Level 85
Feb 19, 2019
Updated for 2019. Libya and El Salvador dropped off, and two new countries took their place.
+1
Level 75
Jun 21, 2020
Kyrgyzstan is listed twice, maybe because of this update
+3
Level 85
Sep 30, 2020
Updated for the latest numbers (and to fix the "2 Kyrgyzstans" bug--but really, isn't that a feature? You can never get enough Kyrgyzstan.)

One new country jumps onto the list this time, and yes, there is still exactly one country on the list with multiple cities over a million.

+1
Level 47
Jan 3, 2021
Congo
+3
Level 47
Jan 3, 2021
Republic of the Congo has 2 cities over 1M
+1
Level 85
Jan 3, 2021
Correct!
+1
Level 85
Oct 19, 2021
2021 update. Some shuffling of the order, but no major changes.
+1
Level 74
Oct 19, 2022
This is a cool idea for a quiz. It really makes you rack your brain for small countries with major cities. Nominated and rated.
+1
Level 53
Dec 19, 2022
country pop: 1,501,635 city pop: 1,570,000, how is this possible?
+1
Level 85
Dec 19, 2022
There's a comment about this above.