Greatest Scientific Discoveries

Name the people responsible for the 100 greatest contributions and discoveries in the sciences.
Last names are sufficient.
This is not a ranked list, so don't argue about which one should be at the top.
Quiz by alohonyai
Last updated: August 25, 2012
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First submittedAugust 25, 2012
Times taken718
Average score20.0%
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DNA is a double helix
James Watson & Francis Crick
Sulfa drugs
Gerhard Domagk
Frederick Hopkins
Theory of natural selection
Charles Darwin
Joseph Priestley
Milky Way's a giant disk of stars
William Herschel
Theory of vaccination
Edward Jenner
Structure of benzene
Friedrich Kekule
Frederick Banting
Classification of species
Carl Linnaeus
Toumai skull
Michel Brunet
Human anatomy
Andreas Vesalius
Amino acids in simulated "primordial soup"
Stanley Miller & Harold C. Urey
Harold Varmus & Michael Bishop
Human retrovirus HIV
Robert Gallo & Luc Montagnier
Troposphere and stratosphere
Leon Teisserenc de Bort
Mass-energy equivalence
Albert Einstein
Alexander Fleming
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Carl Woese
RNA interference
Andrew Fire & Craig Mello
Earth's liquid core
Richard Oldham
Reversals of Earth's magnetic field
Bernard Brunhes
The citric acid cycle
Hans Krebs
Radiometric dating
Bertram Boltwood
John Wesley Hyatt
Law of falling bodies
Galileo Galilei
Universal gravitation
Isaac Newton
Elliptical planetary orbits
Johannes Kepler
Atomic spectra
Gustav Kirchoff & Robert Bunsen
Continental drift
Alfred Wegener
Jan Ingenhousz
Sex cells
August Weismann
Plant cell division
Eduard Strasburger
Genes are located on chromosomes
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Unified model of electromagnetism
James Clerk Maxwell
Cosmic rays
Victor Hess
Corpuscular theory of light
Isaac Newton
First dinosaur fossils
William Buckland
Periodic ice ages
Miultin Milankovitch
Earth's solid inner core
Inge Lehmann
The electron
J.J. Thomson
DNA carries genetic information
Oswald Avery
Alkali earth metals
Humphry Davy
Seafloor spreading
Harry Hess
William Bayliss & Ernest Starling
Rules of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Cell nucleus
Robert Brown
Animal cell division
Walther Flemming
The Burgess Shale
Charles Walcott
Australopithecis Afarensis ("Lucy")
Donald Johanson
Some genes can "jump"
Barbara McClintock
Orbital model of the atom
Niels Bohr
Special relativity
Albert Einstein
Computing science
Alan Turing
DNA polymorphism
Alec Jeffreys
Quantum theory
Max Planck
Alternating current
Nikola Tesla
The Heliocentric Model
Nicolaus Copernicus
Ecosystems around deep-sea vents
Bob Ballard
Blood circulation
William Harvey
Isaac Newton & Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Internal combustion engine
Etienne Lenoir
Wilhelm Roentgen
Germ theory of disease
Louis Pasteur
World wide web
Tim Berners-Lee
Robert Curl, Harold Kroto, Rick Smalley
Earth's circumference
Light interference experiments
Thomas Young
Electromagnetic induction
Michael Faraday
William Nicholson, Anthony Carlisle, Johann Wilhelm Ritter
Voltaic pile
Alessandro Volta
Classical beam theory
Leonhard Euler & Daniel Bernoulli
Atomic theory
John Dalton
The neutron
James Chadwick
Crawford Long
Cholesterol's role in heart disease
Nikolai Anichkov
Tissue cultures
Ross Harrison
Blood groups
Karl Landsteiner
Background microwave radiation
Arno Penzias & Robert Wilson
General relatvitiy
Albert Einstein
Synthesis of urea
Friedrich Woehler
Jupiter's moons
Galileo Galilei
Comits orbit the sun
Edmund Halley
Equations of viscous fluid motion
Claude-Louis Navier & George Gabriel Stokes
Laws of black hole mechanics
Stephen Hawking
Periodic table
Dmitri Mendeleev
Wave theory of light
Robert Hooke & Christiaan Huygens
Marie & Pierre Curie
The universe is expanding
Edwin Hubble
Law of elasticity
Robert Hooke
Modern probability theory
Andrey Kolmogorov
Genes control biochemical events
George Beadle & Edward Tatum
Classic probability theory
Pierre-Simon Laplace
Asteroid theory of extinction
Walter Alvarez
Atoms combine to form molecules
Amedeo Avogadro
Laetoli footprints
Mary Leaky
Uncertainty principle
Werner Heisenberg
Positively charged atomic nucleus
Ernest Rutherford
Level 65
Feb 2, 2016
DNA's shape was discovered by Rosalind Franklin, whose credit was stolen by Watson and Crick.
Level 71
Apr 10, 2017
I must agree with that statement. Unfortunately women at that time were not appreciated and not given the credit that they deserved. Franklin should have been awarded a Nobel Prize for her pioneering work in DNA structure, even ahead of Watson & Crick who as you suggested came into possession of her notes and photos of DNA structure. It is not too late for a posthumous award.