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100 Biggest Cities of the Ottoman Empire in 1900 with a Map

With the help of a map, can you name the 100 most populous cities of the Ottoman Empire in 1900?
Click on the map to zoom in.
Population figures are based off this dataset by Dr. E. Buringh, 3000 Years of Urban Growth by Tertius Chandler and Gerald Fox, 4000 Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census by Tertius Chandler and populstat.info
Both historical and modern-day names accepted.
Striped areas were only nominally part of the empire.
Quiz by Dekkie
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Last updated: July 12, 2022
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First submittedJuly 11, 2022
Times taken176
Average score44.0%
Rating4.67
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Population
Cities
943k
Constantinople
(Istanbul)
201k
Smyrna
(İzmir)
145k
Baghdad
140k
Damascus
130k
Aleppo
125k
Salonica
(Thessaloniki)
118k
Beirut
82k
Scutari
(Üsküdar)
81k
Adrianople
(Edirne)
74k
Bursa
72k
Kayseri
67k
Sofia
65k
Karbala
61k
Mosul
60k
Jerusalem
60k
Mecca
58k
Sana'a
55k
Urfa
(Şanlıurfa)
52k
Kahramanmaraş
45k
Hama
45k
Konya
43k
Aintab
(Gaziantep)
42k
Plovdiv
41k
Siroz
(Serres)
41k
Üsküb
(Skopje)
Population
Cities
40k
Erzurum
40k
Gaza
40k
Trabzon
38k
Angora
(Ankara)
38k
Bitlis
37k
Adana
37k
Varna
37k
Sivas
36k
Aydın
36k
Balıkesir
36k
Homs
35k
Mamuretülaziz
(Elâzığ)
35k
Jaffa
(Tel Aviv)
35k
Kadıköy
35k
Manisa
34k
Diyarbakır
34k
Eskişehir
34k
Isparta
34k
Manastır
(Bitola)
33k
Al Hudaydah
33k
Ruse
33k
Yanya
(Ioannina)
32k
Alaşehir
32k
İşkodra
(Shkodër)
32k
Şebinkarahisar
Population
Cities
30k
Amasya
30k
Ayvalık
30k
Basra
30k
Gallipoli
(Gelibolu)
30k
Hillah
30k
Jeddah
30k
Kirkuk
30k
Malatya
30k
Medina
30k
Muş
30k
Pürzerrin
(Prizren)
30k
Rize
30k
Tokat
30k
Tripoli
(Tripolitania Vilayet)
30k
Van
28k
Kula
27k
Mardin
25k
Adapazarı
25k
Antalya
25k
Arapgir
25k
Kavala
25k
Kütahya
25k
Nablus
25k
Sliven
25k
Tripoli
(Lebanon Vilayet)
Population
Cities
25k
Turgutlu
24k
Antakya
24k
Kastamonu
23k
Erzincan
23k
Pleven
23k
Shumen
22k
Sulaymaniyah
21k
Denizli
21k
Stara Zagora
20k
Afyonkarahisar
20k
Benghazi
20k
Bergama
20k
Deir ez-Zor
20k
İştip
(Štip)
20k
İzmit
20k
Kanea
(Chania)
20k
Kırkağaç
20k
Kuwait City
20k
Merzifon
20k
Tekirdağ
20k
Zile
19k
Dırama
(Drama)
18k
İpek
(Peja)
18k
Pazardzhik
18k
Yakova
(Gjakova)
+4
Level 75
Jul 12, 2022
Nice. Sanliurfa was called Urfa before 1984
+1
Level 55
Jul 12, 2022
Thanks. This has been fixed.
+1
Level 55
Jul 12, 2022
Great quiz!