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Biggest Cities in the Sasanian Persian Empire with a Map

With the help of a map, can you name the most populous cities of the Neo-Persian Empire with an estimated population of over 25,000 at its peak in 622 AD?
Click on the map to zoom in.
Sources used for population estimates listed in this Pastebin.
Some of these settlements no longer exist and have since been abandoned.
Quiz by Dekkie
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Last updated: March 6, 2024
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First submittedMarch 6, 2024
Times taken129
Average score35.8%
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Population
Cities
500k
Tisifon
(Salman Pak)
95k
Alakhsindargird
(Alexandria)
70k
Beroia
(Aleppo)
65k
Nasibin
(Nusaybin)
65k
Rag
(Ray, Tehran)
60k
Hert
(Al-Hira)
60k
Kaisaraia
(Kayseri)
60k
Gundeshapur
60k
Jaguda
(Ghazni)
55k
Spahan
(Isfahan)
50k
Darmsuq
(Damascus)
50k
Urislim
(Jerusalem)
50k
Kermanshah
50k
Marw
(Merv)
Population
Cities
50k
New-Shapur
(Nishapur)
50k
Urhay
(Şanlıurfa)
45k
Bakhl
(Balkh)
45k
Duwin
(Dvin)
45k
Ioustinianoupolis
(Qift)
45k
Samarqand
(Samarkand)
40k
Ankyra
(Ankara)
40k
Antiok
(Antakya)
40k
Memphis
(Mit Rahina)
40k
Stakhr
35k
Theodosioupolis
(Erzurum)
35k
Wahman-Ardashir
(Al-Bubsairy)
35k
Weh-az-Amid Kawad
Population
Cities
30k
Ahmatan
(Hamadan)
30k
Amid
(Diyarbakır)
30k
Arbela
(Erbil)
30k
Ardashir-Khurrah
(Firuzabad)
30k
Darabgird
(Darab)
30k
Germanikeia
(Kahramanmaraş)
30k
Gurgan
30k
Harew
(Herat)
30k
Karka d-Ledan
30k
Skuthopolis
(Beit She'an)
30k
Shiragan
(Sirjan)
30k
Sus
(Shush)
30k
Weh Antiok Khosrow
Population
Cities
25k
Emesa
(Homs)
25k
Gilgit
25k
Hulbuk
(Pingan)
25k
Kaisareia Paralios
(Caesarea)
25k
Kallinikos
(Raqqa)
25k
Kapur
(Kabul)
25k
Maihand
(Maymana)
25k
Oxyrrhynkhos
(Al-Bahnasa)
25k
Patala
25k
Seyfabad
25k
San'aw
(Sana'a)
25k
Sarikol
(Taxkorgan)
25k
Tarmita
(Termez)
3 Comments
+1
Level 55
Mar 6, 2024
This was during Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628. Shortly after this, the military governor of occupied Egypt, Shahrbaraz, would mutiny against the emperor of Persia.

This would lead to a domino effect that ended the war with the borders being pushed back to the situation before the war. Khosrow II would be overthrown in 628 AD and as a result into a civil war. Shahrbaraz himself would become emperor for two months in 630 AD before being assassinated.

The devastation suffered by both Rome and Persia was the perfect opportunity for the then newly created Rashidun Caliphate to expand and fully conquer the empire. The Sasanian Empire would finally fall in 651 AD with the death of Yazdegerd III.

+1
Level 67
Mar 6, 2024
Could you accept Caesarea for all Kaisaraias? Typed it in for Kayseri and as it worked for other ones I assumed i was wrong and it was a different city as the East Roman Caesarea
+1
Level 55
Mar 6, 2024
Yes. This was a mistake and it should've been accepted for both, but it should work now.