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Biggest Cities of Europe in 700 AD with a Map

With the help of a map, can you name the most populous cities in Europe with a population of over 3,000 in 700 AD?
Click on the map to zoom in.
(Mostly) population figures are based off this dataset by Dr. E. Buringh, 3000 Years of Urban Growth by Tertius Chandler and Gerald Fox and 4000 Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census by Tertius Chandler. Other populations calculated through the size of historical extent, calculated using a density of 100 people per hectare.
Quiz by Dekkie
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Last updated: April 6, 2023
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First submittedFebruary 20, 2023
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Average score34.4%
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Population
Cities
240k
Constantinople
(Istanbul)
50k
Thessaloniki
44k
Romi
(Rome)
21k
Mediolanum
(Milan)
18k
Corduba
(Córdoba)
15k
Olisippo
(Lisbon)
12k
Ravenna
11k
Augusta Emerita
(Mérida)
11k
Hispalis
(Seville)
~10k
Balanjar
(Makhachkala)
10k
Malaca
(Málaga)
10k
Portus Cale
(Porto)
10k
Toletum
(Toledo)
9k
Athens
8k
Neapolis
(Naples)
7k
Genua
(Genoa)
6k
Lundenwic
(London)
5k
Adrianople
(Edirne)
5k
Asta Regia
(Jerez de la Frontera)
5k
Augusta Treverorum
(Trier)
5k
Beneventum
(Benevento)
5k
Burdigala
(Bordeaux)
5k
Caesaraugusta
(Zaragoza)
5k
Civitas Turonum
(Tours)
Population
Cities
5k
Gipeswic
(Ipswich)
5k
Gortyna
(Gortyn)
5k
Larisa
5k
Lugdunum
(Lyon)
5k
Massilia
(Marseille)
5k
Messene
(Messina)
5k
Mogontiacum
(Mainz)
5k
Odessos
(Varna)
5k
Panormos
(Palermo)
5k
Phanagoria
(Sennoy)
5k
Philippopolis
(Plovdiv)
5k
Pictavis
(Poitiers)
5k
Remorum
(Reims)
5k
Rotomagus
(Rouen)
5k
Sliven
5k
Verona
4k
Arelat
(Arles)
4k
Bracara Augusta
(Braga)
4k
Drepanon
(Trapani)
4k
Dyrrhachion
(Durrës)
4k
Hamwic
(Southampton)
4k
Kafas
(Feodosia)
4k
Knossos
Population
Cities
4k
Maximianopolis
(Komotini)
4k
Mettis
(Metz)
4k
Narbo
(Narbonne)
4k
Pyrgos
(Burgas)
4k
Quentovic
(La Calotterie)
4k
Regium Lepidi
(Reggio Emilia)
4k
Scodra
(Shkodër)
4k
Senones
(Sens)
4k
Serdike
(Sofia)
4k
Syrakousai
(Syracuse)
4k
Tamatarkha
(Temryuk)
4k
Tarraco
(Tarragona)
4k
Upakkri
(Uppåkra)
4k
Vienna
(Vienne)
3k
Akragas
(Agrigento)
3k
Amalphia
(Amalfi)
3k
Ancona
3k
Astigi
(Écija)
3k
Aurgi
(Jaén)
3k
Balsa
(Tavira)
3k
Bononia
(Bologna)
3k
Carthago Nova
(Cartagena)
3k
Castra Legionis
(León)
Population
Cities
3k
Chersonesos
(Sevastopol)
3k
Chios
3k
Colonia
(Cologne)
3k
Doclea
(Podgorica)
3k
Dorestate
(Wijk bij Duurstede)
3k
Emporiae
(Sant Marti d'Empúries)
3k
Eoforwic
(York)
3k
Heraklion
3k
Ioannina
3k
Katane
(Catania)
3k
Mantua
3k
Mesembria
(Nesebar)
3k
Nemausus
(Nîmes)
3k
Nicopolis
(Preveza)
3k
Papia
(Pavia)
3k
Parisius
(Paris)
3k
Reccopolis
(Zorita de los Canes)
3k
Saguntum
(Sagunto)
3k
Silvium
(Gravina in Puglia)
3k
Simeonis
(Shumen)
3k
Taras
(Taranto)
3k
Tolosa
(Toulouse)
3k
Venetia
(Venice)
12 Comments
+2
Level 43
Feb 20, 2023
I didn't know Knossos survived the Bronze Age. Are you sure about that one?
+1
Level 55
Feb 20, 2023
Knossos had different times where it or wasn't occupied. It had some slight significance during Roman times.

Albeit, these were definitely its final years and it was limited to a smaller area than before (from to 130 ha to 40 ha). With the Muslim takeover of Crete a century later, power fully shifted to Chandax (Heraklion).

The same goes for Gortyna, which occupied a smaller area than before and was essentially in decay by this time period (from 119 ha, of unknown size after), but still served as the capital for the Eastern Roman theme of Crete.

+2
Level 67
Feb 26, 2023
Hey Dekkie! I hate to contact you this way, but I was wondering if you could help me figure out how to find population statistics for cities in pre-industrial revolution Spain?

Thanks

Eytan

+1
Level 55
Feb 27, 2023
No problem. The dataset that I often use for my projects might help, though it only gives estimates for rounded dates like 1750, 1800 and 1850.
+1
Level 67
Feb 27, 2023
Thank you very much
+1
Level 57
Feb 27, 2023
Why is vienna underneath Lyon?
+2
Level 55
Feb 27, 2023
That is a different "Vienna". It's the French city of Vienne, which served as an administrative centre of the Roman province of Gallia Viennensis a few centuries prior. Vienna is just (coincidentally) the Latin name for it.

Austrian Vienna at the time was going through spelling shifts with Germanic languages becoming more prominent in the region, e.g. 'Weniam', although it would still often be referred to through the Latin Roman-era name of 'Vindobona'.

+2
Level 72
Mar 30, 2023
I live in Southampton, and when I saw the dot on the map, my first try was Winchester. Very surprised.
+1
Level 55
Mar 30, 2023
Hamwic was an example of an early medieval emporium, which is a common term for important trade settlements in Europe during this period.

Later on, Ipswich (Gipeswic) and Southampton (Hamwic) both would decline to a population of about 1,000 - 2,000 by 1000 AD, while London (Lundenwic) would've already moved back to within its ancient Roman walls and abandon the (at the time) newer '-wic' settlement, creating the settlement of Lundenburh instead.

York (Eoforwic) is also sometimes considered part of list due to its '-wic' suffix, although it actually continued to grow with the revival of European towns around the turn of the 11th century.

+1
Level 88
Apr 6, 2023
Neat. Would you consider adding Larissa as a type-in?
+1
Level 55
Apr 6, 2023
Thanks. This should work now.
+1
Level 43
Jan 22, 2024
I always forget that iberia was a (relatively) densely populated region of europe at this point