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Countries of Europe in 1919 (with a Map)

Can you name the European countries that existed on January 1st 1919?
Click on the map to zoom in.
Due to ongoing wars and conflicts in most of eastern Europe, the de facto situation will be shown here.
Foreign occupations and uprisings not shown.
Quiz by Dekkie
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Last updated: September 9, 2022
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First submittedNovember 5, 2020
Times taken16,015
Average score76.7%
Rating4.54
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Country
Albania
Andorra
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Crimea
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
Don
Country
Estonia
Finland
France
Free Territory
German-Austria
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Country
Italy
Komancza
Kuban
Latvia
Lemko
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Monaco
Country
Mountain Republic
Norway
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
San Marino
Country
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tarnobrzeg
Ukraine
United Kingdom
West Ukraine
+12
Level 55
Nov 5, 2020
Lots of conflicts going on around this time, including the Russian Civil War and a bunch of independence wars revolving around it, the Hungarian-Romanian War, the Greater Poland Uprising, etc.

I probably forgot to mention one or two, but it explain the messy borders, haha.

+9
Level 52
Nov 5, 2020
Free Territory? Was that a no-man's land thing or an actual country?
+24
Level 55
Nov 5, 2020
It was an attempt at an anarcho-communist society by the Black Army which actually lasted from 1918 to 1921. I'm using the term anarchist very loosely here, because they did have a military leader for all of its existence.
+6
Level 51
Jan 17, 2023
Makhnovschina
+4
Level 73
Nov 5, 2020
Great quiz!!!
+9
Level 61
Apr 29, 2021
Andorra needs a small circle.
+9
Level 70
Jun 12, 2021
Not many quizzes where it's worth trying "Carpathian Ruthenia"
+4
Level 53
Mar 16, 2023
Or "Zakarpattia" or "Dagestan".
+4
Level 44
Jun 28, 2021
Possibly add RSFSR as a option for Russia as it became the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in 1917, as they were the de facto rulers of Russia even with a Civil War.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Soviet_Federative_Socialist_Republic

+6
Level 64
Dec 15, 2021
I know I'm probably about to be corrected but didn't Iceland not gain independence until 1944? Other than that great quiz
+10
Level 55
Dec 15, 2021
Thanks. Iceland gained sovereignity on December 1st 1918. Nonetheless, the state remained in personal union (shared a common monarch) with Denmark until 1944.
+2
Level 49
Aug 8, 2022
I love these quizzes. They're showing me how much I don't know about european history!
+1
Level 37
Aug 17, 2022
I never knew Poland ever look like this 😅
+1
Level 7
Feb 10, 2024
random fun fact you did not need to know: right after the armistice, on nov. 11 and in mid. november 1918 in general, there were FOUR polish states at once, most joining poland by the start of december, except Tarnobrzeg, which lasted till january 1919. And the main polish state, of course.
+1
Level 70
Aug 29, 2022
russia became communist in 1917 so rsfsr or ussr should be the answer
+5
Level 55
Aug 29, 2022
Uh, no. While Russia did become communist in 1917, the USSR was in fact not a thing until 1922.
+2
Level 56
Sep 8, 2022
No, but RSFSR should definitely be allowed. It was its own state until 1922 when it became a constituent republic of the new USSR.
+2
Level 56
Aug 31, 2022
What is the difference between the Free Territory and Makhnovshchina? Didn't learn how to spell it for nothing.
+1
Level 75
Sep 2, 2022
Why is the Vatican not on this quiz?
+7
Level 55
Sep 2, 2022
Not independent yet. Vatican City only became independent through the signing of the Lateran Treaty in 1929.
+1
Level 20
Oct 29, 2022
Lwów did not belong to Western Ukraine, but was in Polish hands. The Ukrainians besieged it, but did not have it.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lemberg_(1918)

+1
Level 46
Sep 29, 2023
It didn't. West Ukraine was independent country with capital in Lviv
+1
Level 7
Feb 10, 2024
the poles did not own it till around March of 1919. They began besieging the city around December of 1918 though.
+2
Level 58
Mar 16, 2023
"Free Territory" and "Mountain Republic" are among the strangest country-names I've ever heard of...

Any chance that, somewhere in time, there was a country that was actually named "Banana Republic"?

+3
Level 55
Mar 16, 2023
Nope, but there was also a "Bottleneck Free State" that technically existed as some sort of quasi-state centered around Lorch, Germany around this point in time.
+1
Level 71
Mar 16, 2023
Can you accept "Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes" and "White Russia"?
+1
Level 39
Sep 15, 2023
Add dot for Andorra