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Countries That Have Controlled Jerusalem

Can you guess all the countries that have once controlled (whole or at least part of) Jerusalem since around 1500 BC?
Some countries may have controlled the city at multiple points in history.
Throughout history, the city was in the territory of several vassal states. The overlord of these regions are considered in these cases.
Quiz by Dekkie
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Last updated: May 29, 2022
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First submittedDecember 11, 2021
Times taken2,185
Average score65.6%
Rating4.91
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Years Controlled
Country
c. 1500 BC - c. 1200 BC
Ancient Egypt
c. 1200 BC - 1003 BC
Jebusites
1003 BC - 930 BC
United Monarchy
930 BC - 720 BC
Kingdom of Judah
720 BC - 704 BC
Neo-Assyrian Empire
704 BC - 701 BC
Kingdom of Judah
701 BC - 616 BC
Neo-Assyrian Empire
616 BC - 609 BC
Kingdom of Judah
609 BC - 605 BC
Ancient Egypt
605 BC - 601 BC
Neo-Babylonian Empire
601 BC - 598 BC
Ancient Egypt
598 BC - 539 BC
Neo-Babylonian Empire
539 BC - 332 BC
Achaemenid Empire
332 BC - 323 BC
Macedonian Empire
323 BC - 319 BC
Laomedon's Satrapy
(Coele-Syria)
319 BC - 313 BC
Ptolemaic Kingdom
313 BC - 305 BC
Seleucid Empire
305 BC - 301 BC
Antigonid Empire
301 BC - 200 BC
Ptolemaic Kingdom
200 BC - 110 BC
Seleucid Empire
110 BC - 63 BC
Hasmonean Kingdom
63 BC - 40 BC
Roman Republic
40 BC - 37 BC
Parthian Empire
37 BC - 27 BC
Roman Republic
27 BC - 270 AD
Roman Empire
270 - 273
Palmyrene Empire
273 - 395
Roman Empire
Years Controlled
Country
395 - 614
Byzantine Empire
614 - 628
Sasanian Empire
628 - 637
Byzantine Empire
637 - 661
Rashidun Caliphate
661 - 750
Umayyad Caliphate
750 - 868
Abbasid Caliphate
868 - 905
Tulunids
905 - 939
Abbasid Caliphate
939 - 969
Ikhshidids
969 - 1073
Fatimid Caliphate
1073 - 1098
Great Seljuk Empire
1098 - 1099
Fatimid Caliphate
1099 - 1187
Kingdom of Jerusalem
1187 - 1229
Ayyubid Sultanate
1229 - 1244
Kingdom of Jerusalem
1244 - 1260
Ayyubid Sultanate
1260 - 1516
Mamluk Sultanate
1516 - 1831
Ottoman Empire
1831 - 1840
Egypt Eyalet
(de jure - Ottoman Empire)
1840 - 1917
Ottoman Empire
1917 - 1948
United Kingdom
1948 - present
(West Jerusalem)
Israel
1948 - 1967
(East Jerusalem)
Jordan
1967 - 1988 / present
(East Jerusalem)
(de facto)
Israel
1988 - present
(East Jerusalem)
(de jure)
Palestine
+10
Level 55
Dec 11, 2021
I'm aware that this is a controversial subject, so please refrain from potentially making this comment section a mess. Thank you in advance.
+4
Level 75
Dec 12, 2021
Interesting. Why are some answers already filled in?
+8
Level 55
Dec 12, 2021
Jebusites were more a tribe rather than a country. The Palmyrene Empire was a short-lived state created as result of a revolt. Palestine is grayed out due to JetPunk standards and have no factual control over the region despite being recognized as such.
+4
Level 78
Dec 12, 2021
Great quiz, I've nominated it.
+3
Level 55
Dec 12, 2021
Thanks!
+5
Level 65
Feb 15, 2022
I'm surprised the comments aren't as vile as i thought
+2
Level 61
Mar 2, 2022
Same. A pinned comment is probably more likely to be ignored on Jetpunk than a regular comment sometimes, surprised nobody's done anything to get their account banned so far
+2
Level 67
May 27, 2022
Awesome quiz, one of the best on here! I tried "Rashid" and "Abu Bakr" but the term "Rashidun" wasn't coming to me...
+1
Level 72
May 29, 2022
I personally think the term "Caliphate" should work for that one, even if not the others. Even though all the subsequent Arab-ruled Islamic Empires assumed hegemony and claimed the Caliphate, only the first one was the undisputed political and spiritual hegemon and, technically, the only true caliphate, in the sense that it was a successor state to Muhammad's nation (i.e. following his example in leadership). All the following were essentially imperial dynasties. Maybe this isn't a well-known fact among historians but it should be. It could also be just a massive nitpick on my part.
+1
Level 55
May 29, 2022
Caliphate should've worked for Rashidun already, however.
+1
Level 84
May 27, 2022
cool quiz. Maybe accept Seleucia? and perhaps Maccabees? and "Palestine" has never controlled any part of Jerusalem, de jure or de facto. Seems out of place, even filled in.
+2
Level 55
May 29, 2022
This has been done, but I will say that this is not what de jure means. De jure can also mean there's nominal and/or claimed control. Palestine is partially recognized and claims Jerusalem for itself, but to align with JetPunk standards, it's filled in. Hell, the quiz even acknowledges de facto Israeli control over the east.
+2
Level 72
May 29, 2022
One little nitpick: shouldn't "Persia" fill in all Persian empires? Right now it only fills in the Achaemenid and Sassanian ones, unless the Parthian Empire isn't considered Persian?
+1
Level 55
May 29, 2022
I believe you're right. I'll add it.
+1
Level 47
Jul 22, 2022
You forgot the Greek Empire
+1
Level 55
Jul 22, 2022
No such thing.
+1
Level 19
Sep 1, 2022
I think u forgot the khwarzemian empire

They took it from jerusalem

But i think its a short time

+1
Level 63
Sep 7, 2022
I played this quiz whilst studying on the history of Israel because I wanted to see when the Roman's occupation ended. Well... I forgot to guess both Rome and the Byzantine Empire! That's probably one of my biggest facepalm moments in my time on this site!
+1
Level 55
Sep 22, 2022
Just wanted to note: "Caliphate" fills in all the Caliphates except for the Fatimid Caliphate.