Biggest Cities once in the Dutch Empire

Name the most populous modern-day urban areas whose territory was once part of the Dutch Empire.
Urban-area population according to citypopulation.de, January 2021
To make it easier we've given the first letters of some of the harder-to-guess cities
Quiz by Aaron197
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Last updated: February 28, 2021
First submittedFebruary 28, 2021
Times taken110
Average score50.0%
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Population
Region
City
32.1 m
Southeast Asia
Jakarta
21.8 m
North America
New York City
9.15 m
East Asia
Taipei
8.45 m
Africa
Luanda
7.35 m
North America
Philadelphia
7.05 m
Southeast Asia
Bandung
6.90 m
South Asia
S
Surat
6.15 m
Southeast Asia
Surabaya
5.20 m
Africa
Accra
4.82 m
South Asia
Colombo
4.30 m
Africa
Cape Town
Population
Region
City
4.07 m
Southeast Asia
Medan
3.85 m
South America
Recife
3.72 m
South America
Fortaleza
3.62 m
South America
Salvador
3.45 m
South America
C
Curitiba
3.27 m
Europe
Rotterdam
3.25 m
South America
C
Campinas
2.77 m
East Asia
K
Kaohsiung
2.72 m
Europe
Brussels
2.50 m
Europe
Amsterdam
2.27 m
Southeast Asia
S
Semarang
+1
Level 65
Feb 28, 2021
The Dutch never ruled Taipei, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Formosa
+2
Level 69
Feb 28, 2021
I was hesitant about including it or not. But most other maps colored Taiwan entirely as Dutch at some point in history.