Germany Immigration by Country

What are the most common countries of birth for German residents who were not born in Germany (and don't have citizenship).
As of 31 December 2020. Source.
Quiz by Aaron197
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Last updated: October 11, 2021
First submittedJuly 13, 2019
Times taken33,723
Average score77.3%
Rating4.67
4:00
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 / 22 guessed
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# People
Country of Origin
1,461,910
Turkey
866,690
Poland
818,460
Syria
799,180
Romania
648,360
Italy
426,845
Croatia
388,700
Bulgaria
364,285
Greece
# People
Country of Origin
271,805
Afghanistan
263,300
Russia
259,500
Iraq
242,855
Kosovo
242,620
Serbia
211,460
Hungary
211,335
Bosnia and Herzegovina
# People
Country of Origin
186,910
Austria
181,645
Spain
150,840
India
150,530
Netherlands
145,610
China
145,515
Ukraine
140,590
France
+12
Level 77
Jul 14, 2019
I'm surprised so few people guessed Afghanistan, given Germany's (now once again threatened) pledge to grant sanctuary to refugees of war.
+5
Level 80
Jul 15, 2019
Especially as many did think of Syria and also Iraq.
+3
Level 83
Jul 15, 2019
That's the only one I missed. But now that you mention it yeah I guess that makes sense.
+5
Level 87
Jul 19, 2019
How do they threaten to grant people refuge from barbarianism? Sounds like a peaceful offer, not a threat.
+27
Level 74
Jul 20, 2019
I believe he means, that the pledge is threatend to be dismantled by right wing extremist in the German parliament. Although, there isn't realy any pledge in the first place, just mildly philanthropic pragmatism.
+5
Level 58
Oct 18, 2021
I threatened to give a homeless man a dollar once.
+2
Level 76
Oct 19, 2021
How did he take it?
+3
Level 57
Apr 10, 2022
My guess is scared and confused
+2
Level 50
Feb 1, 2020
I nearly missed all three, but guessed Iraq, and then figured out Syria and Afghanistan pretty quickly from there.
+5
Level 47
Jul 15, 2019
I love quizzes like this, they really make you think.
+6
Level 80
Jul 15, 2019
Your quiz has one slight inaccuracy - Kosovo should be on this list, as it has an immigrant population of 218,150.
+2
Level ∞
Jul 16, 2019
I am not sure. The Wikipedia presentation of the data omits Kosovo and it would seem strange that 15% of the population of Kosovo now lives in Germany. The data presented on the German site confusingly says Serbia (with/without) Kosovo. I am going to leave it as is for now.
+6
Level 58
May 8, 2021
Why would you use wikipedia? The German statistical office has much more accurate data (while not all countries are counted all the more significant ones are) https://www.destatis.de/EN/Themes/Society-Environment/Population/Migration-Integration/Tables/foreigner-age-groups.html
+5
Level ∞
Oct 11, 2021
This has been corrected, thank you.
+7
Level 66
Aug 9, 2019
Not to sound picky, but china should above France, Ukraine and Portugal in immigrants. Portugal has 138,890 and China has 143,135. :)
+5
Level 57
Aug 9, 2019
I can't believe my guess on Afghanistan actually worked out haha
+4
Level 52
Aug 9, 2019
Actually thought Russia would be higher, or are "Spätaussiedler" counted as Germans and not as Russians?
+3
Level 67
Aug 9, 2019
The instruction clearly says it is about the country you were born.
+6
Level 52
Aug 10, 2019
Spätaussiedler are people who are born in Russia, have a Russian passport, but who have German roots and who were allowed to migrate to Germany in their hundred-thousands in the last 20 years.
+5
Level 43
Aug 11, 2019
The source counts people who were born outside of Germany AND don't have a German citizenship. Since most immigration from Russia happened in the 90s, many have taken the German citizenship since and are thus not reflected here
+1
Level 80
Oct 11, 2021
Here's a table with some info you're interested in – people with a migration experience or background, and the country of origin (approximately, as it's an annual "microcensus" but with a large sample - over 800.000 people). If you compare to the source for this quiz, you'll see that Afghanis are about the same as not many have gained a citizenship yet, but Russian, Polish, Turkish numbers are much higher.
+4
Level 48
Aug 10, 2019
Great quiz, but IMHO the title is not quite accurate. The source is titled "Alien population by citizenship". Hence, it does actually not refer to the place of birth, but to German residents with non-German citizenship. According to German law, the place of birth isn't always relevant for the citizenship. For example, the source excludes foreign born German citizens ("Spätaussiedler").
+1
Level 80
Oct 11, 2021
This is true. The title is fine enough, but the description isn't. The table shows only foreigners by citizenship. The source link could also be replaced with the English version.
+1
Level ∞
Oct 12, 2021
Fixed the description, thanks.
+1
Level 78
Aug 10, 2019
Based on some recent quizzes I tried East Germany and was *shocked* it wasn't a correct answer (following the logic that West Germany = Germany and East Germany =/= Germany)
+3
Level 62
Dec 12, 2019
People from East-Germany did not immigrate to Germany!

East and West Germany become one country again. It was former the GDR and BRD now its Gemany.

+2
Level 76
Jan 28, 2020
It's still BRD. The political and legal system, constitution, etc. remained the same. The East accpepted all of that and joined the BRD. Still, it wouldn't be correct to say that East Germans immigrated. They stayed where they are, the country around them changed.
+1
Level 34
Oct 5, 2019
Came for an interesting quiz, but stayed for the comments haha
+2
Level 83
Oct 21, 2021
The good ones are gone now.
+2
Level 55
Jun 17, 2020
ez
+1
Level 43
Oct 1, 2021
somehow i got every single country except poland
+1
Level 76
Oct 12, 2021
Yeah, I got everything except Serbia.
+1
Level 54
Oct 18, 2021
You got Kosovo but not Serbia?
+1
Level 65
Oct 12, 2021
Germany is eating Romania and Bulgaria's population for breakfast.
+1
Level 33
Oct 18, 2021
Shouldn't it be the other way around? Bulgarian and Romanian migrants are eating Germany for breakfast, given the relatively strong taxpayer funded social safety net there and that fact that they can't be denied any German social welfare benefits if they move there due to their EU citizenship. (Not saying that's a bad thing by the way, if I was Bulgarian or Romanian I would probably do the same.)
+4
Level 66
Oct 18, 2021
The "fact that they can't be denied any German social welfare benefits if they move there due to their EU citizenship" is absolutely not a fact.

Contrary to what right wing nutters and British tabloids (as if there's a difference) claim, freedom of movement in no way guarantees access to any kind of social welfare.

+1
Level 33
Oct 18, 2021
There are restrictions to some benefits but for instance things such as Kindergeld (monthly child benefits) are entitled to anyone residing with a child in Germany.

See translation of https://www.kindergeld.org/kindergeld-fuer-auslaender/

"Foreigners living in Germany are also entitled to German child benefit if they have the corresponding settlement permit or other residence permits that entitle them to receive child benefit. Nationals of EU states and the European Economic Area (and equivalent states) are entitled to child benefit even without a settlement permit or other residence permit, as these are on an equal footing with German citizens due to the free movement of EU citizens."

+2
Level 74
Oct 18, 2021
If someone would move from Saxony to Hesse, he could be expecting to receive the same benefits under the same rules there, as any native Hessian, irregardles of their reason for moving or family history. Why should it be differently for our neighbours from Romania and Bulgaria? In fact, Germany should support those country to build an equally strong safity net, so that Germans can expect an equally safe and productive way of living, if they chose to move down there.
+1
Level 33
Oct 18, 2021
Not saying it shouldn't be the same. But there is still a difference in language and quality of life.

Building a social safety net in Bulgaria and Romania is near impossible because of the corruption there. Germany ranks 9 on the Global Transparency Index while Bulgaria and Romania both rank 69 (not nice). They're some of the most corrupt countries in Europe, creating a functioning social safety net there is near impossible. So I totally get why people there would leave to Germany or similar western EU countries. https://www.transparency.org/en/cpi/2020/index/nzl

+2
Level 63
Oct 19, 2021
very sad
+6
Level 83
Oct 22, 2021
because? don't be shy.
+1
Level 29
Jan 31, 2022
I missed Kosovo. But that´s not a real country anyway.
+1
Level 22
Jul 24, 2022
I somehow got them all...just going off of where I met people growing up in Germany.