The Temple Mount itself is holier to Jews than the Western/Wailing Wall... in fact it's so holy that you're not supposed to step foot on it. This is where the Holy of Holies used to be- god's literal address. That's why the Western Wall is as close as you can get to it, for most observant Jews.
The Al Aqsa Mosque is also built on the Temple Mount; though maybe not considered a "shrine."
Zion is more synonymous with the city of Jerusalem than with Israel, though sometimes it was used as a name for the "Land of Israel" as a whole - different from the state of Israel.
The place where Jesus was allegedly crucified is now the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
The Temple Mount didn't exist when Abraham allegedly went on top a hill to murder his son based on the advice of the voices in his head. According to Genesis, this happened on Mt Moriah. According to Jewish, Christian, and Islamic tradition, the specific hill where this happened is the site where...
So... anyway... 1. Abraham didn't try to kill his son on the Temple Mount, but Mt Moriah, and 2. Herod didn't build the 2nd Temple, he expanded it.
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