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Largest Cities once part of the Byzantine Empire

Try to guess the largest modern-day cities which were part of the Byzantine empire during the reign of Justinian in 555 AD.
By URBAN AREA population according to citypopulation.de, January 2024
Years controlled are approximate and may include gaps
Quiz by leecc2
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Last updated: March 13, 2024
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First submittedMay 8, 2020
Times taken13,318
Average score63.2%
Rating4.77
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Population
Years controlled
City
22.5 m
395 – 641
Cairo
15.9 m
395 – 1453
Istanbul
6.20 m
395 – 641
Alexandria
6.10 m
540 – 569
Milan
6.00 m
395 – 634
Amman
5.15 m
395 – 1073
Ankara
4.25 m
534 – 698
Algiers
4.05 m
395 – 763
Naples
3.88 m
395 – 634
Damascus
3.58 m
395 – 1204
Athens
Population
Years controlled
City
3.43 m
536 – 731
Rome
3.00 m
395 – 1081
Izmir
2.95 m
395 – 634
Tel Aviv
2.70 m
534 – 698
Tunis
2.20 m
395 – 638
Gaza
2.18 m
395 – 1326
Bursa
1.94 m
395 – 634
Aleppo
1.90 m
395 – 635
Beirut
1.82 m
534 – 643
Tripoli
+6
Level 88
Nov 27, 2020
Nice quiz.
+3
Level 73
Mar 13, 2024
Congrats on the feature!
+1
Level 64
Mar 13, 2024
Agreed
+5
Level 70
Mar 13, 2024
The added dates make it significantly more interesting. Great quiz!
+2
Level 88
Mar 14, 2024
So 395 represents the extent of Roman territory on the death of Emperor Theodosius, and the subsequent splitting of the empire into Eastern and Western parts.

534 shows Bellisarius on campaign in North Africa, followed by the re-capture of the Italian mainland a couple of years later.

By the end of the 7th Century all of their African and Levantine territories had been lost to the expanding Caliphate, leaving the remaining Italian cities to be captured by the Lombards.

So what does the blue font indicate? Apart from Athens, these cities are all in Anatolia, is it something to do with being conquered by the Ottomans?

Good quiz anyway…

+7
Level ∞
Mar 14, 2024
There is no blue font. That was your mobile browser thinking those dates were a phone number.

I've now added spaces so that your browser won't do that.

+1
Level 57
Mar 24, 2024
Rome? Milan????
+1
Level 20
Apr 20, 2024
Woah, nice quiz! More challenging than expected. Loved it.