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Every U.S. Capital in History

Many of the states have changed their capitals throughout time in the United States. Name every one of those cities that have been designated as a capital at some point.
Only includes cities when it was part of its own territory or state.
Bolded years signifies when the state was formed.
Ghost towns and cities under 500 are greyed out.
Quiz by UG332
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Last updated: October 7, 2023
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First submittedOctober 7, 2023
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Average score52.9%
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State
Year
Population (2020)
Answer
Alabama
1817-1819
415
St. Stephens
1819-1820
215,006
Huntsville
1820-1826
0
Cahawba
1826-1846
99,600
Tuscaloosa
1846-
200,603
Montgomery
Alaska
1912-1956
32,255
Juneau
1956-
Arizona
1864
0
Fort Whipple
1864-1867
45,827
Prescott
1867-1877
542,629
Tucson
1877-1889
45,827
Prescott
1889-1912
1,608,139
Phoenix
1912-
Arkansas
1819
0
Arkansas Post
1821-1836
202,591
Little Rock
1836-
California
1850-1852
1,013,240
San José
1852-1853
126,090
Vallejo
1853-1854
27,131
Benicia
1854-
524,943
Sacramento
Colorado
1861-1862
715,522
Denver
1862
2,237
Colorado City
1862-1867
20,399
Golden
1867-1876
715,522
Denver
1876-
Connecticut
1776-1875
134,023
New Haven
121,054
Hartford
1875-
121,054
Delaware
1776
5,551
New Castle
1777-
39,403
Dover
Florida
1824-1845
196,169
Tallahassee
1845-
Georgia
1776-1778
147,780
Savannah
1778-1780
202,081
Augusta
1780-1781
3,754
Washington-Wilkes
1781-1782
202,081
Augusta
1782
147,780
Savannah
1782-1784
0
Ebenezer
1784
147,780
Savannah
1786
202,081
Augusta
1796
2,381
Louisville
1807-1864
17,070
Milledgeville
1864-1865
157,346
Macon
1865-1868
17,070
Milledgeville
1868-
498,715
Atlanta
Hawaii
1898-1959
350,964
Honolulu
1959-
Idaho
1863-1865
34,203
Lewiston
1865-1890
235,684
Boise
1890-
Illinois
1809-1818
21
Kaskaskia
1818-1820
1820-1839
7,458
Vandalia
1839-
114,394
Springfield
Indiana
1800-1813
16,759
Vincennes
1813-1816
3,153
Corydon
1816-1825
1825-1838
887,642
Indianapolis
1838-
Iowa
1838-1841
23,982
Burlington
1841-1846
74,828
Iowa City
1846-1857
1857-
214,133
Des Moines
Kansas
1855
0
Pawnee
1855
0
Shawnee Mission
1856-1858
588
Lecompton
1856-1858
126,587
Topeka
1858-1861
0
Minneola
1861-
126,587
Topeka
Kentucky
1792-
28,602
Frankfort
Louisiana
1812-1830
383,997
New Orleans
1830-1831
6,695
Donaldsonville
1831-1849
383,997
New Orleans
1849-1862
227,470
Baton Rouge
1862-1863
15,786
Opelousas
1863-1865
187,593
Shreveport
1865-1882
383,997
New Orleans
1882-
227,470
Baton Rouge
Maine
1820-1832
68,408
Portland
1832-
18,899
Augusta
Maryland
1776-
40,812
Annapolis
Massachusetts
1776-
675,647
Boston
Michigan
1837-1847
639,111
Detroit
1847-
112,644
Lansing
Minnesota
1849-1858
311,527
St. Paul
1858-
Mississippi
1798-1802
14,520
Natchez
1802-1817
1,334
Washington
1817-1821
14,520
Natchez
1821-
153,701
Jackson
Missouri
1821-1826
70,493
St. Charles
1826-
43,228
Jefferson City
Montana
1864-1865
0
Bannack
1865
219
Virginia City
1875-1889
32,091
Helena
1889-
Nebraska
1854-1867
486,051
Omaha
1867-
291,082
Lincoln
Nevada
1861
1,343
Genoa
1861-1864
58,639
Carson City
1864-
New Hampshire
1776-1808
10,109
Exeter
1808-
43,976
Concord
New Jersey
1776-1784
55,436
Perth Amboy
9,743
Burlington
1784-
90,871
Trenton
New Mexico
1850-1912
87,505
Santa Fe
1912-
New York
1776-1777
8,804,190
New York
1777
24,069
Kingston
1777
3,346
Hurley
1777-1778
31,577
Poughkeepsie
1788-1797
8,804,190
New York
1797-
99,224
Albany
North Carolina
1776-1789
31,291
New Bern
1789-1794
208,501
Fayetteville
1794-
467,665
Raleigh
North Dakota
1883-1889
73,622
Bismarck
1889-
Ohio
1778-1800
13,385
Marietta
1800-1803
22,059
Chillicothe
1803-1810
1810-1812
24,765
Zanesville
1812-1816
22,059
Chillicothe
1816-
905,748
Columbus
Oklahoma
1889-1907
10,749
Guthrie
1907-1910
1910-
681,054
Oklahoma City
Oregon
1848-1851
37,572
Oregon City
1851-1855
175,535
Salem
1855
59,922
Corvallis
1855-1859
175,535
Salem
1859-
Pennsylvania
1776-1799
1,603,797
Philadelphia
1799-1812
58,039
Lancaster
1812-
50,099
Harrisburg
Rhode Island
1776-1854
22,493
Bristol
14,312
East Greenwich
25,163
Newport
190,934
Providence
31,931
South Kingstown
1854-1900
25,163
Newport
190,934
Providence
1900-2020
Providence
2020-
South Carolina
1776-1786
150,227
Charleston
1786-
136,632
Columbia
South Dakota
1861-1883
15,411
Yankton
1883-1889
73,622
Bismarck
1889-
14,091
Pierre
Tennessee
1790
0
Rocky Mount
1791-1796
190,740
Knoxville
1796-1807
1807
5,953
Kingston
1807-1812
190,740
Knoxville
1812-1817
689,447
Nashville
1817-1818
190,740
Knoxville
1818-1826
152,769
Murfreesboro
1826-
689,447
Nashville
Texas
1836
0
Washington-on-the-Brazos
1836
53,695
Galveston
1836
0 (Merged)
Harrisburg
1836
0 (Merged)
Velasco
1836-1837
3,644
Columbia
1837-1839
2,304,580
Houston
1839-1845
961,855
Austin
1845-
Utah
1850
2,592
Fillmore
1858-1896
199,723
Salt Lake City
1896-
Vermont
1777-1791
2,139
Windsor
1791-1805
1805-
8,074
Montpelier
Virginia
1776-1780
15,425
Williamsburg
1780-
226,610
Richmond
Washington
1853-1889
55,605
Olympia
1889-
West Virginia
1863-1870
27,052
Wheeling
1870-1875
48,864
Charleston
1875-1885
27,052
Wheeling
1885-
48,864
Charleston
Wisconsin
1836-1837
989
Belmont
1837-1838
23,982
Burlington
1838-1848
269,840
Madison
1848-
Wyoming
1869-1890
65,132
Cheyenne
1890-
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