Armistice Day: November 11, 1918

Also known as Remembrance Day, Veterans Day, and Poppy Day, the "11th Day of the 11th Month" marks the cessation of major international hostilities of "the war to end all wars". Conflict would continue for several years and many millions more would yet die from the civil wars and independence wars left in its disintegration of governments. A major pandemic spread by the mass mobilization of militaries would further kill 10s of millions.
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Last updated: January 5, 2023
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First submittedNovember 11, 2022
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Nearby city traditionally cited as the signing location
Time the Armistice went into effect
11:00 AM
American with a German last name and recently busted from sergeant down to private, who foolishly charged German machine gunners less than 1 minute before peace went into effect
Henry Gunther
Collective name for Germany and her allies, all of whom except Germany, had already surrendered
Central Powers
Recently defeated German ally headed by the Habsburg Dynasty
The Austro-Hungarian Empire
Recently defeated German ally led by The Three Pashas. The central remnants of this empire would soon be led by another man named Pasha, a.k.a. Atatürk.
The Ottoman Empire
Recently defeated German ally on the Black Sea
Collective name of the allies fighting Germany
The Entente
French field marshal who was the Western allies' supreme commander and primary author of the terms of surrender
Ferdinand Foch
Document that formalized Germany's surrender, signed 5 years to the day after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the Treaty Of __________
U.S. President's set of proposed conditions for permanent peace
Fourteen Points
...which would lead to this precursor of The United Nations
The League Of Nations
German Emperor who had ended his 30-year reign by announcing his abdication 2 days prior, having fled to The Netherlands.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
German city where the constituent assembly established a new government the same day the Emperor abdicated. Hitler derisively named this interwar government after the city, the ______ Republic.
Worldwide pandemic that had weakened the armies and would kill tens of millions of young adults through 1920.
Spanish Flu
Collective name for the long standing, heavily entrenched defensive positions to which the Germans had recently returned, named for the supreme military commander of Germany and her allies: The __________ Line
Hindenburg (OR Siegfried Line)
General who had been head of the German armies until just before the armistice.
Erich Ludendorff
German paramilitary units that revolted against the government and would be a continuing source of strife for several years.
Nickname for squads of German soldiers who adapted precursor Blitzkrieg tactics near the end of the war to finally break trench warfare and push toward Paris.
Field marshal in charge of United Kingdom forces
Douglas Haig
General in charge of United States forces
John J. "Blackjack" Pershing
Treaty which had ended hostilities between Germany and the new Soviet government of Russia
Treaty Of Brest-Litovsk
German ports in which sailors had mutinied in the days before the armistice
President of The United States
Woodrow Wilson
Prime minister of The United Kingdom
David Lloyd George
King of Belgium
Albert I
Prime minister of France
Georges Clemenceau
President of France
Raymond Poincaré
Chancellor of the German Empire
Maximilian von Baden
Percent of Germany held by the enemy when it surrendered
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