Edexcel History 3. Poverty, Pauperism, and the Slave Trade

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Last updated: July 3, 2019
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First submittedJune 13, 2019
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Question or Term
That family who made much of their forture from sugar and slaves in the 18th century, made Barons Harewood in 1790
The percentage increase in the population in the South East of England from 1811 to 1831
Locally elected officials charged with the supervision and administration of the New Poor Law within their Poor Law Unions
Poor Law Guardian
Those philanthropists who believed in the virtue of self help, also much behind the pressure to abolish the slave trade
Evangelical Philanthropists
A commitment to avoid alcohol by members of the temperance movement
The Pledge
The percentage of paupers in Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire who were receiving relief in a workhouse in 1844
The slave trade route from West Africa to the West Indies and Americas that constituted the second leg of the 'triangular trade'
Middle Passage
A political economist who argued for complete abolition of the poor law, allowing people to move for work under better wages
Thomas Malthus (1766 - 1834)
That which caused cyclical unemployment in industrial areas and thus resulted in an overwhelming demand on the Old Poor Law by a concentrated urban population
Cyclical Depression
The percentage profit slave trade investors were expected to make in 1807
Question or Term
That founding principle of the New Poor Law which became less relevant as workhouses became increasingly for the old, young, sick, and infirm as a result of greater flexibility in the use of outdoor relief for able bodied paupers
Less Eligibility
That denomination which petitioned Parliament in 1783 to abolish the slave trade as a result of the Zong Massacre
A society founded in 1787 by nine Quakers and three Anglicans to lead an abolitionist campaign against the slave trade, the inclusion of Anglicans designed in such a way as to better influence Parliament
Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade
The leading thinker of his day and an ardent critic of workhouses and the New Poor Law
Thomas Carlyle (1795 - 1881)
A work by Friedrich Engels which heavily criticised the New Poor Law amongst other things
The Condition of the Working Class in England
An 1844 order from the Poor Law Commission that banned any outdoor relief
Outdoor Relief Prohibitory Order
An 1848 scandal at a Yorkshire workhouse in which sick inmates had been forced to share lice ridden beds with dead bodies for weeks and bed linen sometimes went unchanged for nine weeks
Huddersfield Scandal
The French colony in which the large and vital sugar industry collapsed in 1792 as a result of a large slave rebellion
St. Domingue
Parish overseers who - in the 1820's - abolished allowances for able bodied paupers and made workhouses the only alternative to starvation
Nottingham Reformers
The factor by which expenditure decreased in those parishes involved with the Nottingham Reformers
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