Edexcel History 4. The Unification of Germany I

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Last updated: July 24, 2019
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Question or Term
A term used by Karl Marx to refer to the primarily industrial working classes
That process, which was slow in the German Confederation due to the large supply of labour available and small amount of capital for investment in machines, particularly during the crisis of the 1840's
The emperor of Austria who issued two manifestos in May and June 1848 which would have transformed the country's Imperial Diet into a directly elected Constituent Assembly
Ferdinand I (1793 - 1875)
A very centralised constitution adopted in Austria in March 1849 which allowed for a bicameral parliament and moderate reforms though still under a very powerful monarch, abolished in 1851 by Emperor Franz Joseph I in favour of autocracy
March Constitution
That system introduced in 1848 for elections in Prussia in which men aged 21 or over were split into three classes, equal in the amount of tax revenue they paid, elected a third of the Parliament each, with 4.7% of the population in the first class, 12.7% in the second, and 82.6% in the third
Three Class System
A treaty following the First Schleswig War in 1848 that forced Prussia and the Frankfurt Parliament to accept the Danish annexation of Schleswig, losing the latter much public support
Treaty of Malmö
An uprising of republicans and democrats in Baden in April 1848 which was crushed with the support of Bavarian and Prussian troops
Hecker Uprising
That incarnation of a German state otherwise known as the Second Reich
German Empire
A moderate liberal and head of the Austrian State Council who dominated Austria's domestic affairs from 1826 to 1848, being a major opponent of Prince Klemens von Metternich
Count Franz von Kolowrat (1778 - 1861)
A nationalised Prussian organisation that owned engineering plants, textile mills, and chemical works, involved in exporting goods and trade
Question or Term
The ability of a territory, nation, people group, &c. to govern and rule itself, as opposed to being controlled by a larger power, as was increasingly demanded by many minorities in the Austrian Empire from the 1840's onwards
Self Determination
The city in which the few remaining members of the Frankfurt Parliament were finally forcibly dispersed from by the Prussian military in June 1849, having been ejected from Frankfurt earlier in the year after the widespread rejection of the Paulskirche Constitution
A series of 1648 treaties that ended the Thirty Years War and gave the Holy Roman Empire's constituent states much greater independence from the Habsburg emperors
Peace of Westphalia
A Marxist analysis of society in which different social classes compete with one another for political control of the state
Class War
That Prussian electoral system which caused much over-representation of middle class liberals within the electorate and in the legislature
Three Class System
The emperor of Austria who abdicated the throne in December 1848 in favour of his nephew Franz Joseph I after uprisings, the failure of his two more liberal manifestos in appeasing protesters, and the defeat of his army in Hungary
Ferdinand I (1793 - 1875)
The country in which the 1848 Revolutions began, ultimately leading to the abdication of its monarch in February
An 1848 plan by Prussian General Radowitz with the approval of what was to become the 'Alliance of the Three Kings' to form a federal Reich based on the Paulskirche Constitution under a Prussian emperor with a special relationship with Austria
Prussian Union Plan
Members of the landed nobility in Prussia
The conservative Minister President of Prussia from 1850 to 1858 who believed the best way to avoid revolution was to improve the living conditions of peasants and workers, thus prompting sweeping social reforms
Baron Otto von Manteuffel (1805 - 1882)
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