Edexcel History 8. Germany United

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Last updated: January 21, 2020
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First submittedJanuary 18, 2020
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Question or Term
The election after which Bismarck had more trouble from the Reichstag due to the decline of the National Liberal Party (NLP) and rise of the Centre Party (ZP) and German Progress Party (DFP)
1881 Election
A substitute or artificial alternative such as black ash being used as pepper or starch mixed with bicarbonate of soda being used as butter, increasingly commonplace from 1916 onwards
The period from August 1916 to November 1918 in which an effective military dictatorship under Hindeburg and Ludendorff governed Germany, sidelining the Kaiser and Chancellor, with the reluctant agreement of the Reichstag
Silent Dictatorship
That group in which unrest was caused during the First World War from 1916, by the decrease in the value of their savings due to inflation
Middle Class
Those four states which, under the Constitution of the German Empire, retained their own armies under the command of their sovereign, except in times of war, in alphabetical order
Bavaria, Prussia, Saxony, and Wurttemberg
That party which Bismarck was willing to abandon over tariffs in 1879 as the Centre Party and the conservatives were now dominant in the Reichstag, while he also hoped correctly that such a move would split said party, leaving it with only its more conservative members
National Liberal Party (NLP)
That party the key aims of which were to unite Germany, enshrine in law liberty and the rule of law, strengthen the Reichstag, continue to evolve the constitution, and promote and protect free trade
National Liberal Party (NLP)
The special protection squad that acted as Hitler's personal bodyguard
Schutzstaffel (SS)
The 1871 constitution of the new Kaiserreich that created a federal system with 25 Länder and a central government composed of bicameral legislature under a Prussian Emperor/Kaiser
Constitution of the German Empire
He who tried to encourage unity in Germany by fostering a national German identity in the form of using only German in schools and public life, teaching nationalism in schools, creating a German flag and anthem, and celebrating German cultural, economic, social, and military achievements
Otto von Bismarck
Question or Term
He whom was distrustful of Catholics and the Centre Party as most were from the only recently unified southern states (many of which had supported Austria in 1866) or from Polish and French minorities, which together with the Syllabus of Errors and the Church's support for Polish language teaching, called their loyalty into question
Otto von Bismarck
Those whom the urban population showed anger towards as they mostly falsely believed them to be hoarding food and thus causing shortages while facing none themselves
Rural Population
Those bodies which under the Constitution of the German Empire preserved their own constitutions, rulers, and administrative systems, as well as responsibility for their own internal affairs, education, transport, health, direct taxation, and policing
That party, the organisations of which many people joined as they agreed with their policies, feared being seen as opposition, or looked to reap the professional and career benefits it entailed
Nazi Party
A March 1933 constitutional amendment that gave Cabinet (effectively the Chancellor) the power to enact laws without Reichstag involvement
Enabling Act
30th June 1934 when many insider Nazi critics such as Ernst Röhm were arrested and executed, popular with many, particularly conservatives and generals, while leaving Hitler firmly in control
Night of the Long Knives
The 25 states that together comprised the German Empire
A 1917 resolution passed in the Reichstag after introduction by Centre Party (ZP) leader Matthias Erzberger with the support of the Centre Party (ZP), Social Democratic Party (SPD), German Progress Party (DFP), and some of the National Liberal Party (NLP), calling for a peace without annexations or indemnities, with freedom of the seas and international arbitration
1917 Reichstag Peace Resolution
That the result of which alongside the death two months later of Paul von Hindenburg was that Hitler was offered a personal oath of loyalty from the armed forces, achieved firm control, and gained wide acclaim or passive acceptance from the vast majority of the populous
Night of the Long Knives
That body which best reflected the four principal divisions of the German Empire, namely political (conservative Prussia, liberal south), religious (Catholic south, Protestant north), ethnic (national minorities), and social (class)
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