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2018

"for integrating technological innovations into longrun macroeconomic analysis"

Paul Romer

2018

"for integrating climate change into longrun macroeconomic analysis"

William Nordhaus

2017

"for his contributions to behavioural economics"

Richard Thaler

2016

"for their contributions to contract theory"

Oliver Hart

2016

"for their contributions to contract theory"

Bengt Holmström

2015

"for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare"

Angus Deaton

2014

"for his analysis of market power and regulation"

Jean Tirole

2013

"for their empirical analysis of asset prices."

Robert Shiller

2013

"for their empirical analysis of asset prices."

Lars Peter Hansen

2013

"for their empirical analysis of asset prices."

Eugene Fama

2012

"for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."

Alvin Roth

2012

"for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."

Lloyd Shapley

2011

"for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"

Christopher Sims

2011

"for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"

Thomas Sargent

2010

"for their analysis of markets with search frictions"

Christopher Pissarides

2010

"for their analysis of markets with search frictions"

Dale Mortensen

2010

"for their analysis of markets with search frictions"

Peter Diamond

2009

"for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"

Elinor Ostrom

2009

"for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"

Oliver Williamson

2008

"for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"

Paul Krugman

2007

"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"

Roger Myerson

2007

"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"

Eric Maskin

2007

"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"

Leonid Hurwicz

2006

"for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"

Edmund Phelps

2005

"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through gametheory analysis."

Thomas Schelling

2005

"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through gametheory analysis."

Robert Aumann

2004

"for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles."

Edward Prescott

2004

"for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles."

Finn Kydland

2003

"for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"

Clive Granger

2003

"for methods of analyzing economic time series with timevarying volatility (ARCH)"

Robert Engle

2002

"for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"

Vernon Smith

2002

"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decisionmaking under uncertainty"

Daniel Kahneman

2001

"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"

George Akerlof

2001

"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"

Michael Spence

2001

"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"

Joseph Stiglitz

2000

"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"

Daniel McFadden

2000

"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples"

James Heckman

1999

"for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"

Robert Mundell

1998

"for his contributions to welfare economics"

Amartya Sen

1997

"for a new method to determine the value of derivatives."

Robert Merton

1997

"for a new method to determine the value of derivatives."

Myron Scholes

1996

"for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"

William Vickrey

1996

"for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"

James Mirrlees

1995

"for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy"

Robert Lucas

1994

"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of noncooperative games."

Reinhart Selten

1994

"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of noncooperative games."

John Nash

1994

"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of noncooperative games."

John Harsanyi

1993

"for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"

Douglas North

1993

"for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"

Robert Fogel

1992

"for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour"

Gary Becker

1991

"for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"

Ronald Coase

1990

"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"

William Sharpe

1990

"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"

Merton Miller

1990

"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"

Harry Markowitz

1989

"for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"

Trygve Haavelmo

1988

"for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources"

Maurice Allais

1987

"for his contributions to the theory of economic growth"

Robert Solow

1986

"for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decisionmaking"

James Buchanan

1985

"for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"

Franco Modigliani

1984

"for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis"

Richard Stone

1983

"for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium"

Gerard Debreu

1982

"for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"

George Stigler

1981

"for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices"

James Tobin

1980

"for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"

Lawrence Klein

1979

"for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries."

Arthur Lewis

1979

"for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries."

Theodore Schultz

1978

"for his pioneering research into the decisionmaking process within economic organizations"

Herbert Simon

1977

"for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"

James Meade

1977

"for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"

Bertil Ohlin

1976

"for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilisation policy"

Milton Friedman

1975

"for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"

Tjalling Koopmans

1975

"for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"

Leonid Kantorovich

1974

"for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."

Friedrich Hayek

1974

"for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."

Gunnar Myrdal

1973

"for the development of the inputoutput method and for its application to important economic problems"

Wassily Leontief

1972

"for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory."

Kenneth Arrow

1972

"for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory."

John Hicks

1971

"for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"

Simon Kuznets

1970

"for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"

Paul Samuelson

1969

"for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes"

Jan Tinbergen

1969

"for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes"

Ragnar Frisch
