Canal Knowledge

Can you answer these multiple choice questions about canals?
Quiz by overtired
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Last updated: October 27, 2021
First submittedOctober 15, 2021
Times taken423
Average score66.7%
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1. Which Italian city is also known as the City of Canals?
Florence
Venice
Milan
It has 177 canals crossed by 400 bridges.
2. Which is the longest canal in the world?
Europa Canal, Germany
Rideau Canal, Canada
Grand Canal, China
It runs 1,776 km (1,104 mi) from Beijing to Hangzhou. The oldest parts back to the 5th century BC.
3. What is used for lowering and raising boats between different levels of a canal?
A key
A lock
A bolt
A lock consists of two gates and functions like an airlock but with a change of water level instead of air pressure.
(If you don't know how an airlock works, it's like a lock but with a change of air pressure instead of water level.)
4. Which canal helped New York City beat Philadelphia as the USA's busiest port?
Erie Canal
Salt Lake Canal
Superior Canal
The Erie Canal allowed New York City to trade with the interior of the country and helped its rise in prominence.
5. Which canal first enabled boat travel from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean?
Canal of the Pharaohs, Ancient Egypt
Great Arabian Canal, Middle Ages
Suez Canal, 19th century
The Canal of the Pharaohs linked the Gulf of Suez to the Nile. It was blocked up in 767 by the Abbasid Caliphate.
6. Which European capital features canals built in concentric semicircles?
Paris
Berlin
Amsterdam
The main canals - Herengracht, Prinsengracht, Keizersgracht - were dug in the 1600s during the Dutch Golden Age.
7. Pacific to Atlantic travel on the Panama canal is in which general direction?
Northwest
Northeast
Southeast
It requires ships travelling longitudinally to turn back on themselves.
8. Which vessels are built for Britain's limited width canal systems?
Thinboats
Slimboats
Narrowboats
These days used for pleasure more than industry, about 6000 narrowboats are registered as permanent homes.
9. And what were they originally powered by?
Horse
Steam
Wind
A horse towing a boat from a towpath could pull 50 times as much cargo as it could pull in a wagon on the road.
10. What was the name of the container ship that blocked the Suez canal in 2021?
Ever Given
Diamond Princess
Boaty McBoatface
Cruise ship Diamond Princess was quarantined for a month in 2020 after an outbreak of Covid-19.
11. Which of these is a French canal and UNESCO World Heritage Site?
Canal Plus
Canal du Midi
Canal Anglais
It is considered one of the greatest construction works of the 17th century. Canal+ is a French TV channel.
12. By how much did the Panama canal shorten a New York to Seattle voyage?
2,800 miles (4,500 km) shorter
7,800 miles (12,550 km) shorter
12,800 miles (20,600 km) shorter
Initiated by France and finished by the United States, the Panama canal has recently been widened to allow passage of the New Panamax class of ships which are 51.25 m (168.1 ft) wide.
13. Which British city contains the longest network of canals?
London
Birmingham
Edinburgh
A centre of the industrial revolution, at 35 miles / 56 km the network is longer than that of Venice
14. How many fixed road bridges cross the Suez canal?
One
Five
Ten
The Al Salam Bridge is at El-Qantara.
15. Which major canal is being planned in Turkey to bypass the Bosporus?
The Ankara Canal
The Izmir Canal
The Istanbul Canal
The project is unpopular with a huge majority of Istanbul's residents, but President Erdoğan has assured that
“We will build the canal, whether you like it or not."
+3
Level 72
Oct 21, 2021
Classic Birmingham fact, thanks - was hoping for it 😉
+2
Level 82
Oct 21, 2021
You're welcome :)

I cut it from the explanation as it was getting too long, but the fact is regularly misquoted as Birmingham having "more canals" than Venice. Venice has more individual canals, but Birmingham's canal system has a greater overall length.

+2
Level 78
Oct 27, 2021
Interesting quiz, nominated! I never knew about the Canal of the Pharaohs.
+2
Level 82
Oct 27, 2021
Nor me, I was surprised to read about it. Glad you found it interesting :)
+1
Level 66
Oct 27, 2021
There's three (five when counting both canal lanes) movable pontoon bridges over the Suez Canal that are also used for vehicular traffic, see e.g. here: https://travel.stackexchange.com/questions/163111/what-is-this-bridge-over-the-suez-canal . Perhaps add a note that you exclude these. Great quiz!
+1
Level 82
Oct 27, 2021
Thanks, added "fixed" to the question.
+1
Level 84
Oct 27, 2021
It's illegal to do well on this quiz if you are under 18 in some US states.
+1
Level 82
Oct 27, 2021
Was wondering if anyone would get that :)
+1
Level 58
Oct 29, 2021
Great quiz idea.