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Machu Picchu is the oldest man-made structure in the Americas
The Incas were not an ancient civilization - Machu Picchu was built in 1450
(The oldest civilisation in the Americas was the Norte Chico of Peru, dating back to c. 3,700 BCE)
The potato originated in Peru
There are over 3,000 local varieties
Peru's longest border is with Colombia
Its longest border is with Brazil
Llamas are close relatives of camels
They are both members of the family Camelidae
The Amazon river begins in Peru
It is not considered to have one unique source, but a number of headstream areas in the high Andes of Peru
The Incas were conquered by conquistador Hernán Cortés
They were conquered by Francisco Pizarro. Cortés conquered the Aztecs in Mexico.
Peru is the only 4-letter country in the Americas
People live on floating islands of reeds on Lake Titicaca
The lower reeds of the Uru people's hand-built islands rot away fast so more reeds are regularly added on top
The deepest canyon in the Americas is found in Peru
At 3,354m (11,004ft) deep, Cotahuasi Canyon is almost twice as deep as the Grand Canyon
The Shining Path is a shamanic order in the Peruvian rainforest
It is a revolutionary communist party and terrorist organization
Quechua is a drink made with coca leaves
The Quechua are an indigenous people of Peru. The Aymara are the other main indigenous people.
Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are the official languages of Peru.
Peru has a sand dune over a kilometre tall
At 1,176m (3,858ft) tall Cerro Blanco, near Nazca, is the second highest sand dune in the world, and popular with sand boarders (sand surfers)
Ex-president Alberto Fujimori lives in Lima's largest estate, over 15km²
He lives in prison, sent there for human rights abuses and embezzlement
Peru has the largest non-island city on Earth with no road access
Iquitos, the capital of the Peruvian Amazon, has 377,609 residents and is accessible only by river or air
Roasted guinea pig is a Peruvian delicacy
"Cuy" is served whole on the plate
Interestingly, the first obviously false one you mention is the one most people get wrong.
I am so old that I was able to visit Machu Picchu when only a handful of tourists were there...Spent the night at the small inn on the mountain and climbed Huaynu(?) Picchu the next morning...an awesome experience.
Feel sort of dumb to have missed that Fujimoro is in prison..When I was living in Lima, the first 'democratic' election in how long? was held and Belaunde was elected. The campaign consisted primarily of cars driving through the streets honking horns and waving banners.
How wonderful to have visited when only a few tourists were there! I walked the Inca Trail with a tour in 2000s and we got up early on the final day to see the sun rise over Machu Picchu before the bus and train crowds arrived. It got busier as the day went on but still wasn't too bad. Also had the pleasure of climbing Huayna Picchu like you. Amazing.
I never saw Cotahuasi Canyon but did visit the Colca Canyon which was deep enough for me. Walked down... then realised I had overestimated my fitness and had to pay to take a donkey back up. Which sounds relaxing but at every hairpin bend it carried on walking forward until it was looking down over the cliff edge I was readying myself to jump off if it decided to end it all.
I still occasionally think of Deathwish the Donkey.
However, I just learned that there is a highway from Manaus to the North as well, connecting to Venezuela. That road is open.
“The genera Lama and Vicugna are, with the two species of true camels, the sole existing representatives of a very distinct section of the Artiodactyla or even-toed ungulates, called Tylopoda, or "bump-footed", from the peculiar bumps on the soles of their feet.” (Llama wiki example)
I get the point you’re making, but I feel that anyone aware of the llama-camel link should side with true. They are easily closely related enough in the scheme of things for false being the answer to be quite unreasonable, and it would generate many more complaints. I feel that the complaints here are somewhat hypothetical?
Specifying “suborder” or “family” makes the question more specific, but not necessarily a better question, as specifics like that aren’t general knowledge. If anything it looks more likely to be a trick question to me.
That llamas and camels are closely related is general knowledge I think, and if you’ve you heard that you should pick true.
Happy to discuss… :)