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Countries No Longer with Us (Hard Version)

Can you name all these countries that no longer exist?
Too hard? try the easy version instead!
The date of their demise is given.
Some of these countries are "countries" in the sense that Denmark has been Denmark for a very long time, even though its government and extent has changed.
Quiz by QuantumMechanist
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Last updated: September 11, 2019
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First submittedSeptember 10, 2019
Times taken64
Average score33.3%
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Description
Date
Answer
The first Chinese dynasty with direct evidence of existence (unlike Xia)
1046 BC
Shang
An Ancient pre-Iranian civilization that was utterly destroyed by the Assyrians, only to be a vessel for the Medes to bring about an end to the Assyrians.
539 BC
Elam
An Anatolian civilization once credited for the development of iron smelting
1178 BC
Hittites
A former colony that was so big it made its own colonies until it was defeated and destroyed by the Roman Empire.
146 BC
Carthage
The earliest known Mesoamerican civilization, known for their writing, calendar, and the invention of the concept of zero.
c. 400 BC
Olmec Civilization
An ancient kingdom located in what is now Algeria, known for its interactions with Rome, splitting into two kingdoms, and eventually becoming a Roman province.
40 BC
Numidia
A tribal confederation of nomadic peoples who inhabited the eastern steppe, thought to survive for 400 years due to demanding tribute from Chinese towns.
c. 100
Xiongnu
An empire located in Northern India and Central Asia that is credited in helping spread Buddhism, and had relations with Rome, Sasanians, and China.
375
Kushan Empire
An ancient Indian Empire that ruled during the "Golden Age of India".
543
Gupta Empire
A Medieval nomadic confederation in Inner Asia that established the Turkic Khaganate and helped shape the culture and beliefs of Turkic peoples.
744
Göktürks
A Grand Duchy that succeeded the Kievan Rus. It became a vassal state of the Mongol Empire and eventually evolved into the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
1331
Vladimir-Suzdal
A civilization and culture that preceded the Aztecs, to which the Aztecs later referred to as the epitome of civilization in their oral history.
c. 1300
Toltec Civilization
Description
Date
Answer
A group of states in Northern Nigeria between the kingdoms of Ghana and Kanem-Bornu. At its height it had a trans-saharan trade route for salt, leather, and grain.
1808
Hausa Kingdom
A vast empire that connected Anatolia, Arabia, Palestine, and the Southern Steppe. It is characterized for its many contributions to science and literature in the Islamic world.
1194
Seljuq
A Chinese Dynasty in the Uyghur and Kazakhstan region. It was one of the first major conquests of the Mongols, as the king believed he was the rightful ruler of the world, not Genghis Khan.
1218
Qara-Khitai
A Turkic confederation in the Eurasian Steppe, credied with helping create the caste of Muslim warriors known as Mamluks.
1241
Cumania
The medieval state of Basques on the Iberian peninsula.
1841
Kingdom of Navarre
An Italian state that became a powerful maritime nation based around a trading city that participated in many battles, including the crusades. It eventually fell due to losing most of its navy.
1406
Republic of Pisa
An order of Catholic knights that claimed land in Northern Baltic regions, and after a devastating defeat was incorporated into the livonian order.
1237
Livonian Brothers of the Sword
A nation in the Balkans which would later unite with Moldavia amd later change its name to Romania.
1859
Wallachia
An Empire based in Persian and Steppe territories that attempted to restore the Great Mongol Empire. Descendants of the dynasty would go on to establish the Mughal empire.
1857
Timurid Empire
A small country by the Black Sea that gained land in Bessarabia following the crimean war, leading to tensions with Russia that would outlive the country itself.
1859
Moldavia
The last major nomadic Khanate from the Mongol Empire, eventually annexed by the Qing.
1758
Dzungar Khanate
A brief confederation of multiple provinces that occupied modern day Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, and parts of Mexico.
1840
United Provinces of Central America
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