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Largest Cities Throughout History

Name the city with the highest population at each point in time. The nation where the city existed at the time is also provided.
Quiz by QuantumMechanist
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Last updated: May 10, 2022
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First submittedMay 10, 2022
Times taken187
Average score57.5%
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Year
Population
Nation
City
3200 BCE
20,000
Egypt
Abydos
3100-2250 BCE
>30,000
Egypt
Memphis
2240-2200 BCE
Uncertain
Akkadian Empire
Akkad
2075-2059 BCE
50,000
Sumer
Girsu
2030-1991 BCE
65,000
Ur
Ur
1980-1800 BCE
>25,000
Egypt
Thebes
1770-1700 BCE
60,000
Babylon
Babylon
1670-1580 BCE
100,000
Egypt
Avaris
1557-1500 BCE
Uncertain
Egypt
Memphis
1400-1300 BCE
100,000
Egypt
Thebes
1205-1200 BCE
50,000
Egypt
Memphis
1188-700 BCE*
120,000
Egypt
Thebes
1000 BCE
>50,000
Western Zhou
Haojing
1000 BCE
>50,000
Western Zhou
Chengzhou
668-650 BCE
120,000
Assyria
Nineveh
612-400 BCE
200,000
Persia
Babylon
320 BCE
> 300,000
Kingdom of Ptolemy I Soter
Alexandria
300-200 BCE
350,000
Maurya Empire
Pataliputra
200-100 BCE
400,000
Han Empire
Chang'an
25 BCE -300 CE
600,000
Rome
Rome
340-500 CE
400,000
Rome, Eastern Rome
Constantinople
570-622 CE
500,000
Sassanid Empire
Ctesiphon
637-700 CE
800,000
Tang Empire
Chang'an
775-932 CE
1,100,000
Abbasid Caliphate
Baghdad
935-1000 CE
350,000
Cordoban Caliphate
Cordoba
1013-1126 CE
442,000
Song Empire
Kaifeng
1127 CE
200,000
Byzantine Empire
Constantinople
1145-1150 CE
200,000
Seljuq Empire
Merv
1153-1160 CE
200,000
Byzantine Empire
Constantinople
1170 CE
200,000
Almohad
Fez
1180-1300 CE
432,000
Southern Song Empire, Yuan Empire
Hangzhou
1315-1325 CE
500,000
Mamluk
Cairo
1348-1350 CE
432,000
Yuan Empire
Hangzhou
1358-1420 CE
487,000
Yuan Empire, Ming Empire
Jinling
1425-1637 CE
706,000
Ming Empire
Beijing
1650-1700 CE
800,000
Ottoman Empire
Constantinople
1710-1825 CE
1,350,000
Qing Empire
Beijing
1825-1914 CE
7,419,000
United Kingdom
London
1925-1950 CE
12,463,000
United States
New York
1950-2000 CE
26,400,000
Japan
Tokyo
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