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Giant Great Britain 18th Century Quiz

Can you identify the answer to each of these questions about the history of Great Britain or the individual kingdoms of England, Scotland and Wales which existed prior to 1707. There is one question per year for the period 1700-1799.
1700-1799 may not be the strict definition of the 18th Century but it works better for this quiz
Quiz by Berney
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Last updated: August 1, 2023
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First submittedAugust 1, 2023
Times taken455
Average score47.0%
Rating5.00
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Year
Hint
Answer
1799
HMS Lutine sinks in the North Sea. Her salvaged bell is now used for ceremonial purposes at the headquarters of this major insurance market in London.
Lloyd's
1798
This scientist publishes "An Inquiry Into the Causes and Effects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ". He goes on to become a pioneer of the smallpox vaccine.
Edward Jenner
1797
Three of the stones making up this prehistoric monument fall due to heavy frosts.
Stonehenge
1796
This Scottish explorer reaches the Niger River at Ségou, the first European to do so. He became well known for his influential book 'Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa'.
Mungo Park
1795
This person is born; he will later be known as 'The Sporting Parson' and will become an enthusiastic dog breeder, developing this terrier breed that carries his name.
Jack Russell
1794
British troops capture this Caribbean island from the French.
Martinique
1793
During the French Revolutionary Wars, the Royal Navy boards and captures French warships sheltering in this neutral port in northern Italy.
Genoa
1792
This household name high street retailer begins life as a news vendor in London.
W.H. Smith
1791
The Constitutional Act is enacted in London giving this future independent country its first parliamentary constitution.
Canada
1790
A bill become law to establish this port and town in South Wales, now the site of a major gas and oil terminal.
Milford Haven
1789
Captain William Bligh is cast adrift after a mutiny on this Royal Navy ship.
HMS Bounty
1788
Claimant to the throne, Charles Edward Stuart, also known by this name, dies in exile.
Bonnie Prince Charlie
1787
Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth with this group of 11 ships, carrying around 700 convicts to this destination in Australia.
Botany Bay
1786
This poem by Robert Burns is first published in the Caledonian Mercury.
Address to a Haggis
1785
The first successful crossing of this stretch of water in a balloon is accomplished.
English Channel
1784
A tax is introduced, charging per thousand of these items which are used in house building.
Bricks
1783
This famous figure, remembered as 'England's greatest gardener' dies in London.
'Capability' Brown
1782
David Tyrie becomes the last person in Britain to suffer this punishment.
Hanging, drawing and Quartering
1781
At this battle General Charles Cornwallis surrenders to General George Washington, ending the armed struggle of the American Revolutionary War.
Yorktown
1780
Robert Raikes promotes this national, christian, educational movement from his home in Gloucester.
Sunday Schools
1779
The first ever 'Oaks' horse race is run at this Surrey race course.
Epsom
1778
Joseph Bramah registers a patent for this household sanitary device.
Flush toilet
1777
A 93 mile long canal is completed connecting the Trent with this other river.
Mersey
1776
This book by Economist Adam Smith is published for this first time.
The Wealth of Nations
1775
Inventor Richard Arkwright receives a patent for his carding machine used for converting this raw material to a form suitable for spinning.
Cotton
1774
Yorkshire born chemist Joseph Priestley isolates what he called dephlogisticated air for the first time. We now know it by this name.
Oxygen
1773
This future governor of New South Wales is born in Scotland. He is remembered today in the name of an Australian city.
Thomas Brisbane
1772
This future Lake Poet and founder of the Romantic Movement is born in Devon.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
1771
James Cook returns to Britain on this ship after his first global circumnavigation.
HMS Endeavour
1770
The future politician William Huskisson is born. He later gains lasting posterity when run over by this means of public transport, becoming its first casualty.
Railway locomotive
1769
This brand of London dry gin is produced for the first time.
Gordon's
1768
This art institution is founded for the purpose of promoting the creation, enjoyment and appreciation of the visual arts.
Royal Academy of Arts
1767
The final volume of this novel by Laurence Sterne, inspired by Don Quixote, is published
Tristram Shandy
1766
The paper "On Factitious Airs", is published by this scientist, and is credited as showing the discovery of hydrogen.
Henry Cavendish
1765
This ship is launched. In the 21st century it remains the oldest naval ship still in commission.
HMS Victory
1764
Artist William Hogarth dies. He is perhaps best known for this series of eight paintings.
A Rake's Progress
1763
George Grenville, representing this political faction, becomes Prime Minister.
Whig
1762
The first recorded mention occurs of this food item, named after a British earl.
Sandwich
1761
This house is acquired by King George III as a private residence for Queen Charlotte.
Buckingham Palace
1760
This period of great technological and economic change begins, bringing in novel ways of working and living, resulting in a fundamentally transformed society.
Industrial Revolution
1759
A new lighthouse is lit for the first time on these dangerous rocks off the coast of Cornwall.
Eddystone
1758
British and French fleets fight at the Battle of Negapatam during this global conflict.
Seven Years' War
1757
This future Scottish civil engineer is born. He goes on to establish himself as arguably the greatest builder of roads, bridges and canals Britain has ever seen.
Thomas Telford
1756
The Treaty of Westminster is signed between Britain and this German state, intended to guarantee the neutrality of Hanover.
Prussia
1755
This lexicographer's book, "A Dictionary of the English Language" is finally published.
Samuel Johnson
1754
This English author, remembered for his comic novel 'Tom Jones', dies in Lisbon.
Henry Fielding
1753
The Cornish Stannary Parliament, responsible for governing the mining of this metal, is discontinued after more than 500 years.
Tin
1752
Britain adopts this calendar to realign the date of Easter to that defined by the Church.
Gregorian
1751
The first factory of what will become this well-known porcelain manufacturing company is established in the West Midlands.
Royal Worcester
1750
This society is founded, catering for those who share a passion for horseracing.
Jockey Club
1749
This law enforcement body, London's first professional police force, is founded.
Bow Street Runners
1748
These items, resulting in a standard sartorial appearance, are issued to the Royal Navy for the first time.
Uniforms
1747
James Lind undertakes experiments on the effect of citrus fruit as a cure for this disease.
Scurvy
1746
This conflict, the final pitched battle on British soil, brings an end to the Jacobite Rising.
Culloden
1745
The dominant west towers of the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter, the site of many coronations, and known by this more famous name, are finally completed.
Westminster Abbey
1744
The earliest known laws for this popular sport are drafted.
Cricket
1743
Scottish folklore tells of how an old man named MacQueen of Findhorn kills the very last of these animals to be found living wild in Britain.
Wolf
1742
James Bradley is appointed to this senior position, simultaneously becoming director of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich.
Astronomer Royal
1741
This influential actor, playwright, manager and producer makes his London stage debut. His legacy is to have venues named after him in multiple countries.
David Garrick
1740
The patriotic song is first performed in an open-air performance at Cliveden.
Rule, Britannia
1739
This highwayman is hanged after which his exploits are romanticised in fiction.
Dick Turpin
1738
John Wesley's evangelical conversion essentially launches this Protestant denomination.
Methodism
1737
Construction begins on this iconic circular library building in the University of Oxford.
Radcliffe Camera
1736
This Act comes into effect making it a crime to claim that someone has magical powers and abolishes the hunting and execution of anyone believed to possess them.
Witchcraft
1735
George Hadley publishes the first explanation of these equatorial east to west winds.
Trade winds
1734
The Bank of England moves to this location in London which it still occupies.
Threadneedle Street
1733
John Kay patents this device to greatly speed up the process of weaving cloth.
Flying Shuttle
1732
Trinity House moors the world's first of these navigation aids in the Thames Estuary.
Lightship
1731
An incident involving an assault on the captain of a British ship off the coast of Florida gives its name to this later conflict between Britain and Spain.
War of Jenkins' Ear
1730
The future pottery manufacturer is born in Staffordshire.
Josiah Wedgwood
1729
This Dartmouth born inventor dies. He is best known for creating the atmospheric engine that still bears his name - the first practical fuel-burning engine.
Thomas Newcomen
1728
This type of bank account credit is offered to a customer for the very first time.
Overdraft
1727
George II is crowned at Westminster Abbey for which this Handel anthem was composed.
Zadok the Priest
1726
This French Enlightenment writer and philosopher begins a three year exile in Britain.
Voltaire
1725
This future statesman is born. He will later be known for his association with India.
Robert Clive
1724
George Stubbs is born. He goes on to be best known for his paintings of this animal.
Horses
1723
The Black Act is passed making this rural crime a capital offence.
Poaching
1722
This muzzle-loading musket becomes the British Army's standard infantry firearm.
Brown Bess
1721
This person becomes de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Robert Walpole
1720
This future brewer and M.P. is born. His early brewery develops into a major company that still bears his name.
Samuel Whitbread
1719
This novel by Daniel Defoe is published for the first time.
Robinson Crusoe
1718
Lieutenant Robert Maynard kills this infamous pirate in hand to hand combat..
Blackbeard
1717
This music by Handel is performed on a barge on the River Thames for the king.
Water Music
1716
William Wake is appointed to this position in the Church of England.
Archbishop of Canterbury
1715
London enjoys 3 minutes 33 seconds of totality during this natural phenomenon.
Solar Eclipse
1714
This Queen dies and is succeeded by George I.
Anne
1713
The Treaty of Utrecht cedes this Mediterranean territory to Britain.
Gibraltar
1712
This character is created as a national personification of England, and Britain in general.
John Bull
1711
On Christmas Day this cathedral is declared officially complete by Parliament.
St. Paul's
1710
The world's first legislation of this form comes into effect, giving protection for creative work.
Copyright
1709
Abraham Darby successfully uses coke in a blast furnace to produce this material.
Cast iron
1708
The Scottish Militia Bill is denied this approval by Queen Anne making it the last time this has been withheld at Westminster.
Royal Assent
1707
Great Britain becomes a sovereign country after ratification of these Acts of Parliament.
Acts of Union
1706
This tea marketer opens its first shop in London, still operating today at the same premises.
Twinings
1705
Edmond Halley publishes a paper on the astronomical movements of this type of object.
Comet
1704
The major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession sees the Grand Alliance, led by the Duke of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy secure an overwhelming victory.
Blenheim
1703
This scientist is elected president of the Royal Society in London.
Isaac Newton
1702
Britain's first daily newspaper, the Daily Courant, begins publication in this London street.
Fleet Street
1701
This agriculturalist invents a drill for efficiently planting seeds in rows.
Jethro Tull
1700
This treaty is signed in an attempt to resolve disagreements between England and Spain.
Treaty of London
2 Comments
+2
Level 78
Aug 1, 2023
Nice challenging quiz, nominated.

Just as a FYI, there is a memorial to the shooting of the last wolf in a parking area on the A9 road north of Inverness.

+2
Level 81
Aug 1, 2023
Thanks for that, glad you enjoyed it.