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The word "Dark Ages" refers to the decades following the Black Death epidemic (1347-).
The first centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire are often called the "Dark Ages".
Notre dame de Paris was erected during the Middle Ages
Construction finished in 1345.
Constantinople was held by Muslims throughout most of the Middle Ages.
Constantinople remained Christian until 1453
Throughout the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church regularly staged elaborate witch-hunts
Witch accusations were rather part of folk belief, and elaborate witch-hunts only took place during the Early Modern Age.
Richard Lionheart led a Crusade
Charlemagne ruled over a small territory around the city of Paris
His empire comprised large parts of modern-day France, Germany and Italy, among others
Much of Germany was christianized by missionaries from the British Isles
Several Italian cities, including Venice and Genoa, were republics for centuries
The Hanseatic league was a Northern European trade confederation
Avignon in Southern France served as the seat of several Popes
Antiquity ended when the Mongols sacked Rome and overthrew the Emperor
The Mongols only entered Europe in the 13th century, and never made it to Rome.
Windmills were invented during the Middle Ages
In the year 1300, fewer than 100 000 people lived in all of Europe
Estimates talk of dozens of millions of people
Before Columbus' voyage across the Atlantic, scholarly consensus held that the Earth was flat