Top 100 People of the 19th Century

Enter an answer into the box. Rather Anglo-American heavy but it reflects its era. Culled from various sources, the clues and the selection are mine. I tried to have a variety of writers, thinkers, scientist, politicians, etc from various places. See my Top 100 People of the 20th Century or Top 100 of the Millennium
Quiz by hwes
Last updated: July 7, 2015
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First submittedJuly 6, 2015
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Short French military and political leader; spread the French Revolution and his legal code throughout Europe
Napoleon Bonaparte
Civil War president, Emancipation Proclamation,
Abraham Lincoln
Queen of Great Britain, Empress of India, her name is the era
Queen Victoria
Italian writer and political activist, "soul of Italy", promoted a unified Italy
Giuseppe Mazzini
"El Libertador", led South American colonies to their independence, his name is a country
Simon Bolivar
Crimean war nurse, improved hospital practises
Florence Nightingale
First and only British-Jewish PM, modernized and led the Conservative Party
Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minster, Liberal party founder and rival of the above
William Gladstone
Explorer, "discovered" source of the Nile, met Stanley
David Livingstone
Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, Hard Times
Charles Dickens
The Communist Manifesto, Das Capital
Karl Marx
American poet, Transcendentalism,
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American poet, follower of the above, "Leaves of Grass"
Walt Whitman
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
British poet, "Charge of the Light Brigade", "Ulysses"
Lord Alfred Tennyson
One of three sister novelists, Wuthering Heights
Emily Bronte
Alice in Wonderland
Lewis Carroll
Utilitarian philosopher
John Stuart Mill
UK MP, campaigned against slavery, helped abolish the slave trade
William Wilberforce
First women editor of the New York Tribune (not a brush company)
Margaret Fuller
US suffargette and advocate for equal rights, dollar coin
Susan B Anthony
Non-violent leader of the British suffragette movement (not Farah)
Millicent Fawcett
Father of modern computers (rhymes with cabbage)
Charles Babbage
On the Origin of Species, The Descent of Man
Charles Darwin
Fermentation and Pasteurization
Louis Pasteur
Electromagnetism, physics
James Maxwell
US businessman controlled oil and railroads
John D Rockefeller
Electro-magnetic induction, electrolysis
Michael Faraday
Small pox vaccine
Edward Jenner
Mechanical Engineer, improved the steam engine, built railroads (not Brunei)
George Stephenson
Filed over 1,000 patents including the phonograph and light bulb (or did Tesla)
Thomas Edison
Polish scientist killed by her own discoveries, won two separate Nobels
Marie Curie
Austrian monk and geneticist ignored in his own lifetime
Gregor Mendel
The first telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
German writer and thinker, Faust
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
French writer, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, Les Miserables
Victor Hugo
Advocate for Irish Home Rule, MP for Ireland and an Anglo-Irish landlord
Charles Stewart Parnell
Conservative Prussian statesmen, unified Germany, Chancellor of the German Empire
Otto von Bismarck
French politician, conservative republican, served as president and prime minister at different times, put down the Paris Commune
Adolphe Thiers
German composer and pianist, did his best work after he went deaf.
Ludwig von Beethoven
Invented early forms of photography and processing
Louis Daguerre
Invented the telegraph and the code it used
Samuel Morse
Pride and Prejudice, Emma, Sense and Sensibility
Jane Austen
Italian general and politician who helped unify Italy
Giuseppe Garlbaldi
Russian Tsar, emancipated the serfs
Tsar Alexander II
Leader of the Lakota (Sioux), Battle of Little Bighorn
Sitting Bull
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Ruled Austria-Hungary for over 50 years resisting any attempt to modernize it
Emperor Franz Joseph I
Norwegian playwright, The Doll House
Henrik Ibsen
Expanded US steel industry, the "Gospel of Wealth"
Andrew Carnegie
American banker, created General Electric and US Steel
JP Morgan
South African politician, mining magnate, helped started the Boer War, founded modern Zimbabwe, and a scholarship fund in his name
Cecil Rhodes
Blue jeans
Levi Strauss
Dutch painter, the Potato Eaters, Starry Night (one eared)
Vincent Van Gogh
Water Lilies, Impressionism
Claude Monet
Third President of the US, Louisiana Purchase
Thomas Jefferson
Two explorers sent by the above from St Louis to the Pacific, guided by a Fr. Canadian fur trapper and his ShoShone wife
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
Polish pianist and composer, lived in Paris
Frederic Chopin
Danish writer famous for his fairy tales, the Little Mermaid
Hans Christian Andersen
The Birth of Tragedy, Beyond Good and Evil, Thus Spake Zarathustra
Friedrich Nietzsche
Mary Shelley
War and Peace, Anna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy
Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn, Samuel Clemens
Mark Twain
Inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind which carries his name
Louis Braille
German mathematician, logician and philosopher
Gottlob Frege
Swedish chemist, engineer, and inventer of dynamite. Now known for his prizes
Alfred Nobel
Russian scientist, classic conditioning theory, salivating dogs
Ivan Pavlov
Founded the Bahai faith
Russian revolutionary anarchist, founded social or collective anarchism
Mikhail Bakunin
Founded the Salvation Army
William Booth
Central figure in German philosophy, German idealism and historism, was turned upside down by Marx
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
The first existentialist, Danish philosopher, social critic and theologian
Soren Kierkegaard
"Property is Theft", French anarchist
Pierre Joseph Proudhon
Published "The Liberator" advocating an end to slavery and later full female suffrage
William Lloyd Garrison
Founder of modern political Zionism, prompted Jewish migration to Palestine
Theodor Herzl
7th US President, Trail of Tears and Indian Removal,
Andrew Jackson
First PM of Canada, (spelled differently than the restaurant)
John A MacDonald
The ultimate diplomat and politician. He served King Louis XVI, the French Republic, Napoleon, King Louis XVIII, Louis-Philippe
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand
African American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy
Harriet Tubman
Chancellor and Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire
Klemens von Metternich
Hungarian revolutionary, served as regent-president during the 1848 revolution
Louis Kossuth
Nurse, founded the American Red Cross
Clara Barton
President of Mexico from 1861 to 1872, resisted French occupation, overthrew the Second Mexican Empire, prompted liberal reforms and modernized the country
Benito Juarez
American abolitionist, Harper's Ferry, hung for treason
John Brown
"Go west young man", journalist, politician, founded the New York Tribune
Horace Greeley
Norwegian painter, "the Scream"
Edvard Munch
African American composer and pianist, ragtime, "Maple Leaf Rag", (not Janis)
Scott Joplin
Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, 1812 Overture
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
German composer and opera writer, friend of Nietzsche, The Ring, Bayreuth, Tristan and Isolde
Richard Wagner
Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
French novelist, Remembrance of Things Past or In Search of Lost Time
Marcel Proust
American transcendentalist, thinker, poet, etc, Walden, Civil Disobedience
Henry David Thoreau
German engineer, developed the internal combustion engine for automobiles, company is named after him (owed Chrysler for a period of time)
Gottlieb Daimler
Russian chemist, formulated the Periodic Law and helped develop the periodic table of elements
Dmitri Mendeleev
Irish politician and UK MP, the Great Emancipator, fought for Catholic rights, sought to repeal the Act of Union
Daniel O'Connell
Former African American slave, abolitionist, public speaker, advised Lincoln, posted to Haiti as a diplomat
Frederick Douglass
British military leader in the Peninsular War, Battle of Waterloo, later a prominent Victorian politician
Arthur Wesley, Duke of Wellington
King of the Zulu Kingdom 1816-1828
American writer, short stories and poetry, modernized horror and gothic story writing, The Raven
Edgar Allan Poe
Serbian American inventor and engineer who apparently doesn't get enough respect, fought numerous patent battles, developed the AC electrical current
Nikola Tesla
Level 73
Jul 6, 2015
AndersEn, GarIbaldi...
Level 75
Jul 6, 2015
Level 84
Jul 6, 2015
Changes made
Level 68
Jul 6, 2015
Please be consistent on whether first names are required - Garibaldi, Wilberforce and a few others require first names but most don't. And it's Emerson. Otherwise, a terrific quiz.
Level 84
Jul 7, 2015
Went through the type-ins again. Wilberforce was corrected to allow last name only. The rest should've worked. Emerson was spelled properly as a type-in and has now been corrected in the answer column. Thanks.