Mental Status Pysch Interviewing Terms

Quiz by msaba
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Last updated: April 13, 2023
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First submittedApril 13, 2023
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Average score53.6%
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a state of unease or mental discomfort, e.g. patient may appear uneasy or sad
dysphoric
normal tranquil mood
euthymic
sudden and frequent changes in expressed emotion
labile
physician observes patient lacking an intense emotional response to distressing topics
blunt
physician observes patient has no emotional response to distressing topic
flat
impaired speech production due to weakness of musculature
dysarthric
repetitions in speech
dysfluent
unusual changes in pitch, intonation, stresses, phrasing and rhythm in speech
dysprosodic
soft whispering voice
hypophonic
speech containing grammatical errors
paragrammatic
speech that contains word retrieval errors in general
paraphasic
incorrectly retrieved word is similar in meaning: "boat" instead of a "beach"
semantic paraphasia
incorrectly retrieved word is similar in sound to actual word "pheletone" instead of "telephone"
phonemic paraphasia
incorrectly retrieved word is a new word not similar in sound or meaning "drupong" for clock
neologistic paraphasia
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abundant, accelerated speech "___ speech"
pressured
inappropriate formal, legal speech
stilted
omission of prepositions and modifiers when speaking "bad sleep month" instead of "i had bad sleeping habits this month"
telegraphic
thought disturbance in which indirect, winding speech which patient gives unnecessary and often irrelevant details before arriving at the point: answers the question, keeps the main point but takes a while to get their with unnecessary details
circumstantial
thought disturbance marked by poor topic adherence: provides answer to a question that veers off from the topic of the question and does not return to the original topic, but still has a logical thread in the response
tangential
rapid jumping from topic to topic without completing each train of thought
flight of ideas
speech that has no logical connection between ideas and words. the words make sentences, but the sentences dont make sense
derailed
abrupt halting of thoughts
blocked
use of sound patterns (like rhyming) rather than meaningful words, impaired intelligibility of speech
clanging
words that are created by the patient and does not have any meaning to others ("klipno" for "boots")
neologistic
repetitive thought process where no matter the topic or question, patient goes back to the same topic to talk about
perseverative
thought content: a belief that somebody holds with complete certainty but that is at odds with reality: "i am the queen of england"
delusional
thought content: preoccupation with distressing memories, thoughts, or worries, different from perseverative thinking in that the thought is always distressing and hopes to gain insight
ruminative
thought content: a persistently recurring thought, urge, or image that is experienced as intrusive or unwanted and results in anxiety
obsessional
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