REN R 120 plants

fill in the species name and family name
Quiz by alannafletcher
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Last updated: October 1, 2016
First submittedOctober 1, 2016
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Average score1.6%
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evergreen, needles 3-6cm, 2 per fascicle in chaffy sheath; cones ovoid almost at right angle to branch with dark band on margin of scale
Pinus mugo
family
Pinaceae
common name
mugho pine
evergeen, blunt and flat needles with parallel sides. individual needs, shiny dark green and grooved, two ranked; globular buds; cones ovoid with rectangular shaped scales, scale margins smooth to erose, cones blunt tipped and short stalked
Tsuga heterophylla
family
Pinaceae
common name
western hemlock
evergeen, 2 needles per fascicle, sharp; cones point forwards and scales appressed
Pinus banksiana
family
Pinaceae
common name
jack pine
evergreen, sharp needles 4-8cm, 2 per fascicle in chaffy sheath; ovoid sharp buds; cones point backwards, scales thickened tip with a diamond pattern on outer surface, cones in clusters of 2-3
Pinus sylvestris
family
Pinaceae
common name
scots pine
evergreen, flexible flat needles, no fascicles, 2 ranked, yellow green with line of white dots underneath, softer; cluster of laterl buds, separate terminal bud; narrowly ovoid, broad, rounded cones with leathery scales, pendulous 6-9cm, bracts extend beyond scales
Pseudotsuga menziesii
family
Pinaceae
common name
douglas fir
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, upper side sand paper texture, serrate, base oblique; flat buds 5mm long; flowers on separate pedicel in loose clusters, reddish brown; winged samara oval in outline, notched at top, wing is fringed with hairs and veined
Ulmus americana
family
Ulmaceae
common name
american elm
evergreen, flattened needle like leaves, individual needles, dark yellow green on top pale below, needles abruptly pointed; small round buds; hard dark blue seed in red fleshy cup
Taxus brevifolia
family
Taxaceae
evergreen, 5-15cm needles 5 per fascicle, bluish green with lines; sharp buds 15mm; cylindrical pendulous cones, thin scales rounded at tip, 8-20cm
Pinus strobus
family
Pinaceae
common name
eastern white pine
evergreen, 2 needles per fascicle; 15mm blunt buds; cones point backward and have prickles at the end of each scale
Pinus contorta var. latifolia
family
Pinaceae
common name
lodgepole pine
deciduous, pinnately compound opposite leaves; terminal bud ovoid with white hairs; flowers apetalous with pale green sepals, dioeious, females drooping clusters, male later bundles; winged samara 45* from each other
Acer negundo
family
Aceraceae
common name
manitoba maple
deciduous, simple opposite leaves, two short basal lobes taller middle lobe, coarsely serrate, bright red in fall; no buds; flowers droop in terminal clusters; winged paired samara, outer margins parallel
Acer Ginnala
family
Aceraceae
common name
amur maple
deciduous, simple opposite palmatifid leaves, wavy to serrate margins, 5 lobes; terminal bud cone shaped and pointed; flowers 5 greenyellow sepals, apetalous, droop in clusters with stamen and pistil; winged samara in u shape, plump seedcase
Acer saccharum
family
Aceraceae
common name
sugar maple
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, 7-9 deep lobes with bristle tipped teeth; ovoid terminal buds, smooth and shiny redbrown; monoecious, male catkins drooping, female flowers in axil of leaves; nut covered 1/4 in hat/cup, is as wide as long, scales thin, hairless, 12-25mm
Quercus rubra
family
Fagaceae
common name
red oak
deciduous, simple alternate narrowly ovate leaves, serrate, leaf base almost symmetrical; globular buds, dark brown with scales and hairy margins; flowers on separate short pedicel in loose clusters, reddish brown to purple brown; winged samara round outline, has closed notch
Ulmus pumila
family
Ulmaceae
common name
siberian elm
evergreen, needles 12-25 cm, stiff but flexible, sharp, 3 per fascicle, needles dark yellowish green; sharp buds 15-20mm; cones cylindrical or ovoid, scales ticked at tips with sharp prickles
Pinus ponderosa
family
Pinaceae
common name
ponderosa pine
deciduous, simple deltoid alternate leaves, apiculate to acuminate tips, serrate, dull green upper, light green under, almost oblique base; creamy yellow flowers in cymes; nut like capsules globular and fuzzy in cymes at base of leaf bract
Tilia spp
family
Tiliaceae
common name
basswood
deciduous, compound leaves palamte opposite, 5-7 leaflets, acuminate, uneven serrate, yellowish upper pale under; terminal buds widest at middle; narrow bell shaped flowers, 4 green petals; leathery capsule seed covered with blunt spines, splits into 3
Aesculus glabra
family
Hippocastanaceae
common name
ohio buckeye
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, doubly serrate; ovoid asymmetrical buds; male catkins pendulous in clusters 1-3, female flowers at tip of shoot; 12mm long nut, egg shaped with blunt point, nut covered in fleshy papery sheath with stiff hairs, narrows to long tube
Corylus cornuta
family
Betulaceae
common name
beaked hazelnut
deciduous, small alternate ovate leaves, serrulate; stalkless buds, curved tips, reddish green overlapping scales; male catkins erect and dense, females catkins persistent and cone like 10-15mm; broad winged nutlet
Alnus crispa
family
Betulaceae
common name
green alder
deciduous, simple alternate with long petioles, ovate, upper shiny lower pale, serrulate; large terminal buds, pointy orange brown 5 scales; male catkins 7-10cm female catkins 10-13, dioecious, apetalous in axil of bract; ovoid capsule seed, release fuzzy seeds
Populus balsamifera
family
Salicaceae
common name
balsam poplar
deciduous, simple ovate alternate leaves, thick, serrulate; buds on short stalks, bright red with fine hairs, round to club shaped; catkins in groups 2-5; winged nutlet
Alnus tenuifolia
family
Betulaceae
common name
river alder
evergreen, needle like leaves in whorls of 3, crowded on stem, sharp and joined at base, grooved and white on upper; no buds; berry like fleshy blue cones, axillary sessile and covered in small ridges
Juniperus communis
family
Cupressaceae
common name
ground juniper
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, ovate or triangular, mild serrulate; slender buds taper, brown at tip green at base, no terminal bud usually; male catkins clusters 1-3, erect, female catkins erect, monoecious, flowers lobed calyx; winged nutlet, wings broader than nutlet, scales in x shapeand hairy
Betula papyrifera
family
Betulaceae
common name
paper birch
deciduous, pinnately compound opposite leaves all same size maybe larger terminal; pyramid buds soft granular; apetalous flowers, female loose clusters, male tight clusters, small dark lateral on twig; winged samara, seeds are dry and oblong with one narrow wing, smooth margined wing, seeds droop in clusters
Fraxinus spp
family
Oleaceae
common name
ash
deciduous, simple opposite deeply palmatifid leaves, 5-7 lobes, erose; clustered buds, small greenish yellow flowers on short stalks, winged samara 90* from each other, seedcase ribbed
Acer saccharinum
family
Aceraceae
common name
silver maple
deciduous, 2 lobed fan shaped leaves, alternate or in fascicles; terminal buds broadly ovate, lateral buds diverge from twig; fleshy plum like seeds
Ginkgo biloba
family
Ginkgoaceae
common name
Ginkgo
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, lobed with 7-9 deep lobes, upper half wider than lower half; terminal buds blunt and harry; male flowers drooping catkin, female flowers in axil of leaves, monoecious; acorn covered over 50% in cup/hat with fringed margins, knobby scales, 20-30mm long
Quercus macrocarpa
family
Fagaceae
common name
bur oak
deciduous, simple alternate very round leaves, wedge or round at base, crenate with 6-10 teeth each side; no buds; male catkins droop, female catkins erect, resemble honeycombs; nutlet with wings as broad as nutlet, nearly flat
Betula pumila
family
Betulaceae
common name
bog birch
deciduous, simple alternate deltoid leaves, long petiole, upper shiny lower dull, rounded large teeth 5-15 per side; buds covered in minute hairs; flowers apetalous, dioecious; oval capsule releases fuzzy seeds
Populus deltoides ssp monilifera
family
Salicaceae
common name
plains cottonwood
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, long and narrow; buds have one scale, buds seem crowded; flowered catkins; capsules, seeds with silky hairs
Salix spp
family
Salicaceae
common name
willow
evergreen, roundish overlapping scales leaves; no buds; scaly seed cones up to 6 sclales
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis
family
Cupressaceae
common name
yellow cedar
evergreen, young leaves awl shaped, old leaves scale like and overlapping with acute tips; no buds; blue,fleshy, berry like cones covered with bloom, surface covered in small ridges
Juniperus scopulorum
family
Cupressaceae
common name
rocky mountain juniper
needle like leaves, square, stiff, sharp, curved inwards, individual; cones cylindrical with papery scales with toothed margins
Picea pungens
family
Pinaceae
common name
colorado spruce
evergreen, needles straight, stiff, sharp, and square, spirally arranged individually on branch, no fascicles. green to bluish green with white lines; buds ovoid and scaly; cylindrical pendulous cones, scales have smooth margins, cones 2.5-5cm long
Picea glauca
family
Pinaceae
common name
white spruce
evergreen, rounded/notched needle apices, 15-25mm, needles straight, shiny green above, whitish below, sessile and 2 ranked, needles individual; round ovoid buds; barrel shaped cones erect on branch, scales fall off, axis stays
Abies balsamea
family
Pinaceae
common name
balsam fir
evergreen, young leaves awl, old leaves overlapping scale like with apiculate tips; no buds; berry-like fleshy blue cones, terminal
Juniperus horizontalis
family
Cupressaceae
common name
creeping juniper
deciduous, flat soft needles 2-5cm, long shoot needles individual, short shoot needles in fascicles with clusters of 12-20, both pale green
Larix laricina
family
Pinaceae
common name
tamarack
deciduous, flattened needles 2-5cm long, soft. long shoot needles individual, short shoot needles in fascicles of 15-30 needles, both pale in colour; buds ovoid, brown and darker at base; cones with thick leathery scales with smooth margins, bracts shorter than scales, cones slightly stalked
Larix sibirica
family
Pinaceae
common name
siberian larch
evergreen, needles sharp, straight, stiff, square, spirally arranged individually, green to grayish-green with white lines; conical buds, scaly; pendulous cones with papery scales, erose margins, cones 2-3cm long
Picea mariana
family
Pinaceae
common name
black spruce
deciduous, simple alternate leaves, long slender flat petiole, oval to kidney shaped, fine round teeth, upper dark under pale green; buds conical tips point inward; capsule narrowly conical 5-7mm
Populus tremuloides
family
Salicaceae
common name
trembling aspen
evergreen, overlapping leathery needles oppositely arranged, 4 ranked, appear flattened; no buds; cones are stalked with leathery scales, look bud like, small, 2 membranous wings
Thuja plicata
family
Cupressaceae
common name
western redcedar
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