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Countries Bordering China Since 1914

Name the countries that have bordered China since 1914.
Some of these countries no longer exist
Includes colonial territories that were leased
Not counting foreign concessions within Shanghai, Tianjin, etc...
Quiz by relessness
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Last updated: May 4, 2017
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First submittedNovember 27, 2012
Times taken58,292
Average score81.0%
Rating4.94
3:30
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 / 21 guessed
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Dates
Country
1689–1922
Russia
1842–1997
United Kingdom
1887–1999
Portugal
1898–1946
France
1895–
Afghanistan
1905–1945
Japan
1911–
Mongolia
1912–1951
Tibet
Dates
Country
1922–1991
Soviet Union
1945–
North Korea
1945–1976
North Vietnam
1947–
India
1947–
Pakistan
1948–
Myanmar
1951–
Bhutan
Dates
Country
1951–
Nepal
1953–
Laos
1976–
Vietnam
1991–
Kazakhstan
1991–
Kyrgyzstan
1991 -
Russia
1991–
Tajikistan
+5
Level 71
May 2, 2017
Nooo, all the old comments are gone! But actually, this looks accurate now, and is a great quiz.
+5
Level 75
May 2, 2017
Great idea :) 100%.
+7
Level 86
May 2, 2017
As a former critic, I am now a fan. Good job.
+7
Level 80
May 2, 2017
Agreed with the above comments, the dates make for interesting clues with regards to former colonies :)
+2
Level 77
May 2, 2017
Good quiz!
+29
Level 74
May 3, 2017
I second Sikkim
+2
Level 47
Aug 30, 2022
Sikkim was a protectorate of British India and later became a protectorate of India till 1975 when it firmly joined India.
+2
Level 48
Aug 30, 2022
Apparently Sikkim stopped being a protectorate of the UK in 1947 and became a protectorate of India in 1950. So it seems like for 3 years it was on its own.
+15
Level 73
May 3, 2017
What about Manchukuo?
+9
Level 67
Sep 20, 2017
Puppet state of Japan, which is present.
+4
Level 83
Nov 9, 2021
Puppet state of, true, but not part of Japan.
+2
Level 73
Aug 30, 2022
You could also say Mongolia was a puppet state of the USSR
+1
Level 31
Sep 3, 2022
Not really, not on the same level of Manchukuo to Japan. Not to mention, Mongolia has been its own civilization for thousands of years, Manchukuo is Chinese.
+23
Level 69
May 4, 2017
Germany leased the Kiautschou Bay until 1914.
+8
Level 74
Aug 26, 2020
Right - Germany had Qingdao and the rest (I think) of the Shandong peninsula for a brief period until WWI. (And Qingdao is still best known outside of China for beer.)
+1
Level 59
Jul 1, 2021
Totally agree!
+8
Level 76
May 9, 2017
If North Korea borders China now, wouldn't Korea have bordered it before the Korean war?
+14
Level 47
May 9, 2017
No, Japan controlled Korea from 1905 to 1945
+4
Level 68
Sep 20, 2017
...and before 1905?
+4
Level 70
Sep 20, 2017
ouch!
+2
Level 30
Sep 24, 2017
From 1945-1950 then?
+6
Level 84
Nov 2, 2018
@Micklopedia Northern half governed by the USSR, southern half run by the U.S.
+2
Level 53
Jun 18, 2020
Wikipedia seems to think that before 1905 it did indeed border China for several centuries:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Empire

+22
Level 70
Aug 26, 2020
@JonOfKent but the quiz starts in 1914, see title.
+1
Level 83
Aug 30, 2022
In 1910 the Empire of Japan annexed the Korean Empire (i.e. unlike, for example Manchukuo, which should probably be on this quiz, Korea was not merely a Japanese puppet state, a formally a part of the Japanese Empire). Then the two Korean Republics today known as North and South Korea arose directly from the occupation zones in Korea at the end of WWII. So at no point has any united Korea bordered China since 1914.
+7
Level 84
May 10, 2017
I know you include colonial territories, but it would still be better to say French, British, Portuguese, Japanese empires.
+7
Level 59
May 12, 2017
There is so many things wrong with this, both countries and years.
+26
Level ∞
Sep 20, 2017
Such as?
+5
Level 23
Aug 26, 2020
Manchukuo, Mengjiang, Provisional Republic of China, all Japanese puppets. Dates are fine though.
+2
Level 50
Aug 26, 2017
Please accept Imperial Japan for Japan
+48
Level 61
Sep 20, 2017
Like....why wouldn't you just type Japan?
+36
Level 87
Aug 17, 2019
I must insist on ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ for Mongolia as well.
+4
Level 63
Aug 27, 2019
Is that inner or outer Mongolia?
+2
Level 64
Aug 26, 2020
Probably outer.
+18
Level 60
Aug 26, 2020
I demand ভাৰত, ভারত, ભારત, भारत, ಭಾರತ, ഇന്ത്യ, ਭਾਰਤ, انڊيا, இந்தியா, భారతదేశం, ہندوستان, ꯏꯟꯗꯤꯌꯥ, ଭାରତ, भारतम्, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ, भारोत, بھارت to be accepted for India as well
+10
Level 84
Sep 20, 2017
I didn't get North Vietnam for the reason that Gandalf tirelessly argued about what West Germany and Germany are the same thing.
+15
Level 59
Sep 25, 2017
Was that Gandalf the Grey, or Gandalf the White...? ;-)
+9
Level 84
Aug 26, 2020
Gandalf the Blau.
+3
Level 82
May 21, 2019
Yeah, my first thought when I saw that the answer I missed was North Vietnam was all the Germany/West Germany discussions I've read here.
+3
Level 77
Sep 20, 2017
Shouldn't the Republic of China be included at some point?
+5
Level 84
Sep 20, 2017
Not really. The leaders of the ROC fled to an island. They never controlled any land that bordered land controlled by the PRC.
+7
Level 67
Sep 21, 2017
There's a difference between lines of control and borders. You're right that under a definition of "which Weberian areas of control did that authority with the greatest claim to representing China have its territory abut," you would have to list the PRC and ROC (as well as earlier Communist states within China).
+2
Level 73
Jun 28, 2020
This is not entirely true. The PRC was declared on October 1st, 1949. Wikipedia says that the Guomindang retreat to Taiwan occurred in December of 1949. There were still Nationalist military forces in Western China, and Wikipedia lists military actions that occurred after the proclamation of the PRC. Additionally, Hainan was not captured until April 1950.

I'm not sure that the ROC should be included, but they did control land that bordered land controlled by the PRC.

+4
Level 60
Aug 17, 2020
What? Where do you think they retreated from, thin air? Of course Chankaishek controlled land on the mainland, bordering PRC, where would the PRC madetheir revolution? Do you think they just popped into existence in a land that was ungoverned before?
+2
Level 84
Aug 26, 2020
Folgore: yes. That theory would make the most sense. Though to be honest I thought simply they were chased out of the country in a couple of months and were in retreat most of the time so not really in control of the land they were surrendering. Frostar's dates above seem to confirm this.
+6
Level 76
Sep 20, 2017
Wow, didn't even think about the European countries in spite of the caveat. Great quiz, relessness.
+1
Level 57
Sep 20, 2017
You missed thailand
+7
Level 74
Sep 20, 2017
Thailand does not have a common border with China. Before WWII, it was called Siam.
+7
Level 84
Sep 22, 2017
and it didn't have a common border with China then, either, so whatever you called it is somewhat irrelevant.
+2
Level 75
Sep 20, 2017
Missed France... should have known.
+10
Level 74
Sep 20, 2017
Germany should be on this list - it held Tsingtau till 1914
+2
Level 46
Dec 3, 2017
austria hungary as well
+4
Level 69
Aug 26, 2020
Austria only had a concession in Tianjing (excluded in the caveat), Germany had a city much like uk had Hong Kong or Portugal had Macau. So I second that.
+2
Level 75
Aug 27, 2020
Hence the decent beer.
+2
Level 42
Sep 20, 2017
Nice Quiz!
+7
Level 36
Sep 21, 2017
Austria-Hungary owned a city in mainland China in 1914 until 1918, so it should be here.
+1
Level 55
Nov 8, 2021
Which one?
+9
Level 56
Sep 30, 2017
Sikkim?
+2
Level 73
Mar 21, 2018
I guess it counts under both UK and India, which are already in the quiz.

"The Kingdom of Sikkim became a princely state of British India in 1890. After 1947, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the republic of India. In 1975, the Indian military deposed the Sikkimese monarchy. A referendum in 1975 led to Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state." --wiki

+5
Level 55
Aug 26, 2020
but if it had to vote to join India then it wasn't already part of India.
+2
Level 57
Nov 24, 2021
Puerto Rico would have to vote to be part of the United States yet would not be considered a sovereign country before then but a territory of the United States. Same with Gibraltar and the United Kingdom or New Caledonia and France or many other examples.
+1
Level 76
Nov 22, 2017
What about Bangladesh?
+7
Level 73
Feb 5, 2018
What about it?
+3
Level 87
Aug 17, 2019
The country or concert?
+3
Level 64
Aug 26, 2020
Bangladesh doesn't border China
+2
Level 59
May 28, 2018
10/10 -IGN
+3
Level 50
May 29, 2018
Great quiz, but could British India, British Raj, French Indochina, Macau and Hong Kong be accepted as type-ins for UK, France and Portugal?

I didn't get these, because the colonies and territories were not actually part of these countries, so I never thought to type them.

+2
Level 55
Jul 26, 2018
What about Xinjiang, Guangxi, Anhui, Sichuan, Yunnan, Ma, Shanxi, Mengjiang, Manchukuo, Zhili, Fengitan, Guominjun etc
+3
Level 64
Aug 26, 2020
Most of those are/were parts of China and are/were not considered sovereign countries.
+3
Level 66
Jan 19, 2019
Can the Far Eastern Republic be considered as well? It bordered China in 1920-1922
+2
Level 58
Apr 10, 2019
Why Korea isn't here?
+2
Level 64
Aug 26, 2020
iirc, it was part of the Japanese empire 1910-1945 and split in 1945.
+5
Level 48
May 7, 2019
Shouldn't Sikkim be on here?
+9
Level 66
Jul 28, 2019
Tuva bordered China between 1921 and 1944. It was a Soviet puppet state, but formally independent nonetheless, similar to the Eastern Block after WWII.
+1
Level 63
Aug 30, 2022
I agree, it should be added.
+1
Level 44
Aug 30, 2022
RESPECT FOR TUVA
+3
Level 56
Nov 29, 2019
More a Korea co jako vole

se pojebte třeba než začnete crookovat

+1
Level 48
Feb 19, 2020
That moment when you start typing in Uzbekistan but it gives you the United Kingdom after typing Uk
+12
Level 74
Aug 26, 2020
That's some bad typing.
+1
Level 59
Aug 9, 2021
Uzbekistan is not an answer.
+2
Level 55
Jan 28, 2022
Yeah but they meant they tried Uzbekistan.
+5
Level 73
May 5, 2020
Technically Taiwan (or Republic of China) should be here as they bordered each other in the Chinese Civil War
+4
Level 35
Jul 1, 2020
Sikkim is missing.
+5
Level 36
Aug 9, 2020
Sikkim
+4
Level 63
Aug 26, 2020
Sikkim should definitely be on here.
+5
Level 59
Aug 26, 2020
What about Sikkim 1945-50?
+5
Level 59
Aug 26, 2020
What about Sikkim 1945-50?
+1
Level 68
Aug 26, 2020
Sikkim Manchuria Persia are missing
+3
Level 64
Aug 26, 2020
Manchuria is part of China. Persia is Iran, and Iran does not border China
+2
Level 68
Oct 17, 2020
Manchuria was a country from before ww2 until Japanese surrender. The Japanese invaded from Manchuria so it wasn’t in China
+4
Level 51
Aug 26, 2020
sikkim?
+2
Level 55
Aug 26, 2020
how about Korea?
+4
Level 55
Aug 26, 2020
Shouldn't Sikkim be added? It was an independent protectorate of India until 1975.
+2
Level 51
Aug 28, 2020
I only missed North Vietnam :(
+4
Level 71
Jan 25, 2021
Kingdom of Sikkim - 1947-1975

- British protectorate ended in 1947, independent Indian protectorate from 1950 to 1975

Manchukuo - 1932-1945

- Manchukuo was no doubt a puppet state of Japan, but unlike puppet states like Far Eastern Republic, it had certain level of control over its governance and international recognition at the time (Poland, El Salvador, Romania, Finland, Germany, etc). Other Japanese puppet states in China did not see recognition and governance stretching as far as Manchukuo so I suppose you can allow Manchukuo and no more.

Feel free to add or ignore these. They were states formed during the Russian Siberian war which did not see proper governance over their territories and receive international recognition. (+ Far Eastern Republic was a puppet state of Soviet Russia practically just an exclave given nominal independence for convenience)

- Green Ukraine (1920-1922)

- Far Eastern Republic (1920-1922)

+6
Level 71
Jan 25, 2021
Also Germany did own Qingdao de jure until 1919 and it held it de facto as well for most of 1914, so Germany should be included in this quiz as well, unless you change the title
+1
Level 57
Mar 17, 2021
Got North Vietnam with 2 seconds left..
+5
Level 61
Apr 29, 2021
This quiz lost Sikkim and East Turkestan.
+2
Level 59
Oct 5, 2021
Letter N Scavenger Hunt Answer (see my blog)
+1
Level 39
Oct 21, 2021
Portuguese POV: We did a little trolling
+1
Level 55
Nov 8, 2021
I made a quiz inspired off this.
+1
Level 51
Apr 5, 2022
ok
+1
Level 47
Nov 22, 2021
India and China did not share a border in 1947, at that time the Nationalists ruled China and had not occuiped/invaded the territories of Xinjiang and Tibet.
+1
Level 39
Dec 15, 2021
Good Quiz Idea
+1
Level 51
Apr 5, 2022
It kind of amazes me that some people forget Tibet. The Tibetan flag is literally the thumbnail!
+1
Level 50
Jun 1, 2022
East Turkestan?
+1
Level 50
Aug 30, 2022
I’m so disappointed in myself, somehow I missed the motherland Russia…I was thinking about past countries and yet forgot Russia…
+1
Level 68
Aug 30, 2022
the quiz is missing germany tuva sikkim sinkiang guangxi manchuria and mengkukuo
+1
Level 44
Aug 30, 2022
Surely Sikkim should be included? It was an indepent country from 1947 to 1975.
+1
Level 51
Aug 30, 2022
I genuinely almost forgot Tibet (in the thumbnail), and it just came back to me. Funny thing is I didn't look at the thumbnail to remember it again.
+1
Level 48
Aug 30, 2022
Korea, Tuva?
+1
Level 72
Aug 30, 2022
Sikkim is still missing.
+1
Level 33
Aug 30, 2022
East Turkestan ???
+1
Level 55
Aug 30, 2022
Manchukuo, Sikkim, East Turkestan are missing
+1
Level 28
Aug 30, 2022
I'm pretty sure South Korea bordered china for a bit during the Korean War
+2
Level 51
Aug 30, 2022
I´m very much missing Tanna Tuva...
+1
Level 52
Aug 30, 2022
Missed the Kingdom of Sikkim, amongst others.
+1
Level 48
Aug 30, 2022
If Tibet, which was unrecognized but de facto independent, is included, then I think other similar states with little recognition such as Tannu Tuva should be included as well. Also, it might be good to add a caveat that short-lived governments such as the temporary independent Korean government after WW2 are not included.
+1
Level 47
Aug 30, 2022
Great quiz!

But you forgot:

- Qingdao which was held by Germany until 1918

- Tianjin which was held by Austria Hungary until

1918

+1
Level 72
Aug 30, 2022
Missing the US, which has surrounded China (Maine) since 1818
+1
Level 69
Aug 31, 2022
Lots of folks making declarations of fact without offering any sort of source to support the claim.
+1
Level 82
Aug 31, 2022
You have an inconsistent hyphen for Russia 1991.
+1
Level 43
Aug 31, 2022
Gah, dang it NORTH VIETNAM!! You got me this time. I'm sorry, please forgive me, thank you.
+1
Level 66
Sep 2, 2022
yeah tuva should be here
+1
Level 26
Sep 6, 2022
sikkim, tuva?
+1
Level 23
Dec 13, 2022
Didn't South Korea border china once during the Korean war