Statistics for Biology 100 final

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General Stats

  • This quiz has been taken 16 times
    (8 since last reset)
  • The average score is 16 of 57

Answer Stats

DefinitionTerm% Correct
everything thats not a prokaryote, more complexeukaryote
83%
only present in plantschloroplast
67%
possible explanation for an observationHypothesis
67%
bacteria and archaea, not complexprokaryote
67%
made up of amino acids,, building blocksproteins
67%
an infectious particle consisting of a little bit of nucleic acidvirus
67%
rod shaped prokaryotic bacteria, may also be threadlike, or filamentsbacilli
50%
present in all cellscell membrane
50%
only present in bacteria and plant cellscell wall
50%
help prokaryotes move in their environment; protein tails that rotate like a propellerFlagella
50%
fatslipids
50%
single/simple sugarmonosaccharides
50%
not present in bacterianucleus
50%
many sugars bonded togetherpolysaccharides
50%
immune proteins produced when the immune system detects an antigenantibodies
33%
any molecule that causes an adaptive immune responseantigen
33%
process of dividing the prokaryote in halfbinary fission
33%
spherical prokaryotic cells , sometimes occur in chains that are called steptococcicocci
33%
DNA or RNA can be present in animal viruses, but mist plant viruses are made up of _____.RNA
33%
steroids
33%
A set of defenses that is activated only after exposure to specific antigensAdaptive/ Acquired immunity
17%
when the bacteria becomes resistant to the antibioticsantibiotic resistance
17%
the use of organisms to remove pollutants from the soild, air or waterbioremediation
17%
3 processes that contribute to viral diseasebleh
17%
covers the cell wall of many prokaryotes, made up of a sticky layer of proteincapsule
17%
harvest the energy from sunlight but gets their carbon atoms from organic moleculeschemoautotrophs
17%
harnesses the energy stored in chemicals- provides energy to prokaryoteschemotrophs
17%
2. Viruses from other animals spread to humanscontact between species
17%
the third stage of binary fission, the cell is divided into two daughter cellsdivision
17%
the first stage of binary fission, the chromosome is duplicated and the copies are seperatedduplication
17%
the second stage of binary division, the cell is elongated and the copies are movedelongated
17%
a thick protective coat that can dehydrate and is tolerant of extreme and harsh conditionsendospores
17%
components of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, released when the cell dies or is digested by a defensive cellendotoxins
17%
proteins secreted by bacteria cells, some of the most powerful toxinsexotoxins
17%
thrive in very salty placesextreme halophiles
17%
thrive in very hot water, such as geysers and acid poolsextreme thermophiles
17%
provide energy, insulation, form plasma membrane, form hormonesfats
17%
hairlike projections that enable prokaryotes to stick to their substrate or surface or each otherfimbriae
17%
more complex cell walls containing less peptidoglycan and protective outer membrane- more likely to cause disease, turns pink under the microscopeGram- negative
17%
simpler cell walls containing a thick layer of peptidoglycan, turns purple under the microscopegram-positive
17%
white blood cells that are responsible for the production of antibodieslymphocytes
17%
live in anaerobic (no oxygen) enviroments and give off methane as a water product from the digestive tracts of cattle and deermethanogens
17%
1. RNA viruses ______ rapidly.Mutation
17%
phospholipids
17%
obtain energy from sunlight and use carbon dioxide for carbonphotoautotrophs
17%
obtain energy from sunlight, but get their carbon atoms from organic moleculesphotoheterotrophs
17%
potential outcome of an experiment based on hypothesisprediction
17%
occurs upon the first exposure to the antigen, slowerprimary immune response
17%
form structuarl parts of the cellproteins
17%
the secondary exposure to the antigen, faster than the primarysecondary immune response
17%
spiral prokaryote shaped like a corkscrew, rigid and short spiralsspirilla
17%
the longer and more flexible spiral prokaryotic bacteriaspirochetes
17%
3. viruses spread from isolated human population to larger human populationspread
17%
provide energy and come in different formssugars
17%
how adaptive immunity can be obtained by the administration of a vaccinevaccination
17%
composed of a harmless varriant or part of a disease cause microbe, such as inactivated bacterial toxinvaccine
17%
speed up chemical reactionsenztmes
0%

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