History 101 final- terms

I created this to help me study for my college final, but feel free to take it:)
Quiz by Queenofthefandom
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Last updated: December 4, 2016
First submittedDecember 4, 2016
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Average score17.6%
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Definition
Term
A time after the classical period of ancient Greek and Latin culture
Post Classical
The migration and settlement of Polynesian peoples in island chains in the Pacific
Polynesian Diaspora
The Chinese Dynasty that restored the Pax Sinica and developed many inventions, issued the world's first paper money. "The Commercial Dynasty"
The Song Dynasty
The world's first paper currency, issued by the above dynasty.
Jiaozi
A doctorine stating the pope is the rightful head of the Christian Church as successor to Peter
Apostolic Primacy
China's civil servants who have passed the imperial examination
The Scholar Gentry
The Chinese custom of binding young women's feet painfully tight to prevent further growth
Foot-binding
Took place in 1054, The Bishop of Rome sent a personal representative to meet with the Bishop of Constantinople, they disagreed about the Nicene Creed
The Great Schism
In this society, peasants are known as vassals and they are given a piece of land in return for serving a lord or king. Europe's response to instability after the fall of Rome
Feudal Society
Qualities idealized by medieval society, especially nights
Chivalry
A religious order founded by Francis of Assisi (1209). They are dedicated to living a life of poverty, charity and chastity
Franciscans
The dispersal of the Jewish people across Europe and the Middle East after the Romans destroyed Jerusalem's Temple in 70 CE
Jewish Diaspora
Gun powder, magnetic compass, moveable type for printing, and paper; These were all known as:
The Four Great Inventions
He called for a campaign to liberate Jerusalem and win back the Holy Lands
Pope Urban II
Nomadic people who's economy revolves around animal husbandry. Generally tribal people
Pastoralists
A huge response to the Pope's call; military expeditions sanctioned by the Pope
Crusades
(1202-1204) Intended to regain the Holy Lands, but conquered Constantinople instead, proclaimed it a latin empire under the pope
The Fourth Crusade
The complete reconquest of Spain from Muslim rulers in 1492
Reconquista
"The Great Charter" signed in 1215 by King John. Put legal limits on Royal Power in England.
The Magna Carta
Associations of merchants and craftspeople that work together for the common good. Set prices and laws and offered protection to members
Guilds
Mongolian Pastoralist, united all Mongolian tribes. The "Great King" and his decedents conquered the largest continuous empire
Temujin (Genghis Khan)
The grandson of "The Great King", overthrew the Song dynasty in China and founded his own Dynasty in 1271; moved the capital to Beijing
Kublai Khan
The first decisive defeat of the Mongol forces by the Turks. Halted the Mongol advance into Northern Africa and Western Europe.
The Battle of Ain Jalut
A sustained peace across Eurasia. Trade flourished, people, goods and ideas moved freely due to the Mongol Empire
Mongol Peace
An Italian merchant who traveled across the Mongol Empire (1271-1295) He wrote and published a book: A Description of the World
Marco Polo
Moroccan Islamic scholar who traveled across the Islamic world- Africa and South East Asia
Ibn Battuta
Pandemic disease that spread everywhere in Asia, and devastated Europe in 1350, killing 30-50% of the European population
The Black Death
The persecution and discrimination of Jews. The Jews were accused of causing the Plague
Anti-Semitism
A group of people that thought the end of the world was about to occur; Flagellents
Millenarianism
Differing economic and political structures of the native peoples before Columbus arrived
Native American Diversity
People of the highland Peru, built an large empire in South America beginning in the 1300s.
Incas
The capital of the Incan Empire, the "belly button" of the empire
Cuzco
Communities the Incas forced to settle in designated regions for strategic purposes
Mitimaes
Strings of knots used to keep records; such as births, deaths and marriages
Quipu
Major civilization in Southeast MesoAmerica with the only fully developed written language in pre-Columbian America.
Maya
Solar calendar with fixed dates and starting and ending points.
Long Count Calendar
Ethnic group originally from nomadic Mexico (1250 CE) Barbarians that excelled at warfare
Mexica
The island city istablished by the Mexica in 1325, the Aztec capital
Tenochitlan
An alliance between Mexica and two other simular cities near lake Texcoco
The Aztec Triple Alliance
This empire gained control of central Mexico. Subjects had to pay taxes, but they could continue their culture.
The Aztec Empire
African ethnic group sharing a common linguistic ancestry who originated in West Africa
Bantu
Hourglass shaped drum from West Africa, used to mimic tones of human speach
Talking drum
Empire founded by the Muslim Keit, a clan/dynasty in the West African Sahel
The Empire of Mali
Most famous trading city in West Africa; becomes the center of the gold and salt trade
Timbuktu
Emperor/King of the Mali Empire who built a great mosque in Timbuktu. Greatly helped with the spread of Islam through Africa.
Mansa Musa
Language that developed from the interaction between the Arabs and Native Africans along the East African coast
Swahili
Islamic imperial people who began to build an empire in the wake of the Mongolian decline. Powerful military, conquered Constantinople
Ottoman Turks
The turks conquered this city in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul
The Fall of Constantinople
Grand Prince of Moscow, tripled the size of his kingdom and decisively defeated the Mongols.
Ivan the Great
Term used to describe Moscow and the Russian Christian Church after the fall of Constantinople
The Third Rome
Chinese dynasty founded by the Mongol, Kublai Khan. (1271-1368)
Yuan Dynasty
European revival of ancient learning, art and philosophy began in northern Italy.
The Renaissance
The view that sensory experience is the only source of useful and true knowledge
Empiricism
The importance of the human experience, dignity and concerns; use reason to solve problems
Humanism
A seasonal weather pattern of reversing wind, accompanied by corresponding changes in rain
Monsoon
Chinese admiral who undertook multiple voyages of discovery during the above dynasty, traveled to collect tribute from foreign rulers and to project power.
Zheng He
The only state reliable route from Asia to Europe (the Mediterranean World)
Indian Ocean Trade
Chinese dynasty established after the collapse of the Yuan dynasty. Reestablished ethnic Han rule in China after a century of Mongol rule.
Ming Dynasty
Italian polymath, talented in painting, sculpting, architecture, science and music
Leonardo da Vinci
Small highly agile sailing ships designed for exploration, developed in the 15th century
Caravels
Portuguese monarch famous for patronizing a school of navigation in Lisbon.
Prince Henry, the Navigator
A Portuguese sailor who reached India in 1498
Vasco da Gama
The early stone age
Paleolithic
Selective breeding of animals and the cultivating crops
Husbandry
Male dominant society, ruled by the fathers
Patriarchy
Flat lands where mud and sediment carried by rivers renews the land and enriches the soil
Alluvial Plains
Definition
Term
"Land between two rivers" city located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Mesopotamia
Independent political entities in Mesopotamia, each had their own governments. Babylon, Nippur, Lagash, Uruk, Erida and Ur
Sumerian City States
Comprehensive set of laws of commercial and family laws. Written by Babylonians, 1750 BCE
Code of Hammurabi
A disease transmitted by flies, makes effected humans and animals sleepy and can be deadly
Sleeping sickness
Different types of bones that were used for divination in ancient China
Oracle bones
Chinese moral belief that heaven in trust/withdraws the right to rule. Their justification for overthrowing dynasties
The Mandate of Heaven
Chinese moral philosopher (500 BCE): Humans can improve themselves through effort, education and rituals
Confucius
Philosophy: Human nature is evil and chaotic, people either farm or serve in the military strong central government, harsh laws. scholars and merchant class are suppressed
Legalism
Legacies of the Han Dynasty
Government structure
Country became united
Trade flourished
"action" good or bad action attached to your soul
Karma
Four Noble Truths
Life equals pain, to live is to suffer
Desire is the course of suffering
To end suffering is to end your desire
The eightfold path can end your desire
Chinese pilgrim that traveled to India in 400 CE. He collected Buddhist sculptures to translate. Helped with the spread of Buddhism
Fa Xian
God's intervention in the world. Part of the Hebrew tradition
Divine Plan
The first alphabetic script to be widely used, helped to promote trading.
Phoenician alphabet
Wars fought between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE. Greece won against many odds
Persian Wars
Tight knit, small community of ancient Greeks who agreed on certain rules and customs
Polis
Using human reason to solve problems
Greek rationalism
King of an ancient Greek Kingdom, Macedon. Went on many military campaigns through Africa and Asia. He created one of the largest empires by the age of 30. undefeated and successful.
Alexander the Great
The spread of Greek culture and ideas across Alexander the Great's Empire. Spread architecture, art, and philosophy.
Hellenization
Legacy of the Roman Empire
Latin language
Roman Alphabet
Architecture
Law
Culture
Technology
The Roman Catholic Church
A series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage (264-146). Roman victory, the fighting transformed Rome and the way they thought about the world
Punic Wars
"The Roman Peace" A prolonged period of peace and prosperity (aprox 250 years)
Pax Romana
The first orthodox statement of Christian belief under the offices of Constantine I. The church councils accepted 4 gospels
Nicene Creed
"the great" Roman Emperor, built a capital city in the Eastern part of the empire- Constantinople. He promoted and favored the new religion, Christianity.
Constantine I
Five pillars of Islam
There is no God, but God
Pray 5 times a day
Give alms to the poor
Fast during Ramadan
Go to Mecca if you can
The two major religious sects of Islam, profound disagreement over who should have been the first Caliph
Shia/Sunni Islam
Thought the new Caliph should have been the prophet's son-in-law, a blood relative, Ali
Shia Islam
The Caliph was chosen by a council and a vote. The more numerous faction
Sunni Islam
All other religions that have a holy book or Bible
People of the Book
A person of the Jewish faith who cultivate mystic beliefs and practices not interested in sharia law
Sufis
An institution of higher learning in the Islamic world
Madrasa
A merit based exam system to selective local talent for civil service. Developed during the Han Dynasty in China
Imperial Examination
The Legacy of the Gupta Empire
Unified India
Spread of ideas
The idea of zero
Decimals were developed
Indian polytheistic religion, developed out of vedic traditions in India. A response to Buddhism
Hinduism
Set of edicts issued by the Japenese Emperor trying to enhance power by adopting the Chinese form of a highly centralized government
Taiki Reforms
The integration of people and communities
Globalization
Legacy of the Abbasid Cliphate
The spread of Arabic language and writing
Sharia-Islamic law
Trade flourished
Created a new alphabet, Christianized Slavic people of Central Europe and developed an alphabet for them closely related to Greek.
Saint Cyril
A King in modern day Ukraine (900s) converted to Christianity and had subjects baptized
Vladimir the Great
+1
Level 37
Oct 8, 2018
Too many errors for me to bother, but there is at least one glaring error. It's "KNIGHTS", not "Nights" in the question about chivalry in medieval society.