Former Names of Countries and Cities

For various reasons, many cities and countries around the world have changed their name over the years. Provide the name under which these places are known today.
In cases where a place was split or consolidated, the modern city or country containing the largest proportion of the old is used.
Quiz by Brooksie
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Last updated: April 30, 2014
First submittedMarch 31, 2014
Times taken376
Average score79.2%
Rating3.60
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Original Name
Modern Name
Siam
Thailand
Prussia
Germany
Constantinople
Istanbul
Abyssinia
Ethiopia
Bengal
Bangladesh
Saigon
Ho Chi Minh City
New Holland
Australia
USSR
Russia
Ceylon
Sri Lanka
Persia
Iran
Leningrad
St Petersburg
New Amsterdam
New York
Original Name
Modern Name
Canton
Guangzhou
Bohemia
Czech Republic
Bombay
Mumbai
Kampuchea
Cambodia
Peking
Beijing
Calcutta
Kolkata
Rhodesia
Zimbabwe
Zaire
Dem. Republic of Congo
Zanzibar
Tanzania
Dutch East Indies
Indonesia
Formosa
Taiwan
Mesopotamia
Iraq
+2
Level 67
May 20, 2021
Nice quiz, but some of your former and modern names do not tie up. The Sultanate of Zanzibar was a small group of islands off the African coast, which became a colony. That then merged with the much larger colony of Tanganyika to form Tanzania. There is no way that someone would see the two to be the same thing, it is a bit like saying the "Rhode Island" is the former name of the USA.
+2
Level 61
Jul 16, 2021
Czechia should be accepted too.