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20th Century: An Event a Year Part 1

Name the historical event based on the year and description.
Source: The Hamlyn Pictorial History of the 20th Century
Quiz by QuarterDutch
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Last updated: June 3, 2022
First submittedApril 17, 2019
Times taken46
Average score56.9%
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Year
What Happened
Answer
1900
A citizen led uprising against the abundance of foreign powers in China. The foreign powers forced China to execute its rebels.
The Boxer Rebellion
1901
This British monarch dies after 63 years on the throne.
Queen Victoria
1902
This founder of the British South Africa Company and 'founder' of Rhodesia dies.
Cecil Rhodes
1903
578 die in a fire in the Iroquois theatre in this US city.
Chicago
1904
This deaf and blind American graduates with honours from Radcliffe College, USA.
Helen Keller
1905
Following a referendum, this Scandinavian country gets independence from Sweden.
Norway
1906
With James Keir Hardie as its leader, this new Socialist political party win 29 seats in the UK general election.
Labour
1907
This Indian lawyer announces that he intends to break a new law imposed by the government of Transvall which requires all Indians to be finger-printed and carry a special certificate.
Mohandas Gandhi
1908
This two year old becomes Emperior of China, with his father Prince Chun acting as regent.
Pu Yi
1909
This Apache chief dies. He had led the Apaches from New Mexico in their final uprising against the Americans from the east in 1882.
Geronimo
1910
This British monarch dies after a short reign to be succeeded by his son George V.
Edward VII
1911
On the edge of a steep cliff Dr Hiram Bingham, a Yale explorer, discovers this ancient city biult around 1500 AD.
Machu Picchu
1912
This unsinkable ship sinks.
Titanic
1913
A race to the South Pole led by this explorer goes horribly wrong, causing the determined crew to die on their return journey.
Robert Falcon Scott
1914
This Archduke is murdered by a Serbian nationalist, bringing in the inevitable World War I.
Franz Ferdinand
1915
This British writer of "The Soldier" dies blood-poisoning on board a French hospital ship.
Rupert Brooke
1916
A Nationalist uprising is staged in this country after seeking support in the form of 20,000 German-supplied weapons. Sir Roger Casement is executed and a large number of Nationalists are interned in prison camps by the British.
Ireland
1917
This Tsar steps down, effectively ending the House of Romanov.
Nicholas II
1918
Fighting ceases on the Western front on this historic day.
November 11
1919
Woodrow Wilson is instrumental in drawing up the 14 points of this war settlement treaty with the intention of initating a League of Nations.
Treaty of Versailles
1920
This prohibition act takes effect this year, prohibiting the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States.
Volstead Act
1921
Clergymen and doctors are in uproar as this female doctor opens the first brith control clinic in London.
Dr Marie Stopes
1922
This leader, known otherwise as Il Duce, forms Italy's first National Fascist government this year.
Benito Mussolini
1923
This economic phenomenon sees the value of the German Mark spiral uncontrollably, causing workers to be paid twice a day and a loaf of bread to cost what a house had been worth that same morning.
Hyperinflation
1924
This restless revolutionary dies this year, causing a scramble for power between Stalin and Trotsky.
Vladimir Lenin
1925
F. Scott Fitzgerald captures both the spirit and anomie of The Jazz Era in this novel.
The Great Gatsby
1926
This painter of 'Water Lilies' dies this year.
Claude Monet
1927
This 26 year old pilot wins $25,000 after achieving the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic.
Charles Lindbergh
1928
This Quaker wins the US relection with an easy victory. He would inherit America's failing economy the following year.
Herbert Hoover
1929
Prices on the American stock market suddenly fall, wiping out millions of dollars of investments at a stroke.
Wall Street Crash
1930
Mohandas Gandhi is arrested after he launches this campaign of civil disobedience.
Satyagraha
1931
The Japanese invade this region of China.
Manchuria
1932
This New Deal president wins by landslide.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
1933
The new chancellor of Germany, Adolf Hitler, blames Marinus van der Lubbe, a communist for a blaze which burnt out this building. Rumours believed that the fire was started by the Nazis themselves in order to curtail personal and political liberties.
Reichstag
1934
90,000 troops of Mao Tse-tung's Communist Red Army break out of a Nationalist blokage and begin a trek in search of refuge through some of the least hospitable terrain in the world.
The Long March
1935
A period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s. 70,000 refugees flee.
The Dust Bowl
1936
A Civil war breaks out in this country, to be won by Nationalists in 1939.
Spain
1937
This giant German airship explodes and bursts into blames on May 6th, claiming the lives of 33 people.
Hindenburg
1938
Jewish shops and homes are ransacked and 35,000 Jews are arrested throughout the Reich in this famous pogrom.
Kristallnacht
1939
This port city was annexed by the Germans on the first day of World War II, ending the separation of East Prussia and the rest of Germany.
Danzig
1940
The UK is devastated by the Luftwaffe, causing London to lose many famous landmarks.
The Blitz
1941
360 Japanese fighters bombers and torpedo planes are launched in a surprise attack on the American Pacific Fleet, sinking five battleships and 14 other ships.
Pearl Harbor
1942
The largest (nearly 2.2 million personnel) and bloodiest (1.8–2 million killed, wounded or captured) battle in the history of warfare.
The Battle of Stalingrad
1943
The largest tank battle in history, involving some 6,000 tanks, 2,000,000 troops, and 4,000 aircraft. The decisive end of the German offensive capability on the Eastern Front
The Battle of Kursk
1944
Otherwise known as Operation Neptune; the largest seaborne invasion in history. The operation began the liberation of German-occupied France (and later Europe) from Nazi control
D-Day
1945
This German city is devastated by 800 Bomber Command Lancasters, compounded by 400 American Flying Fortesses the following day. Up to 130,000 died. So it goes.
Dresden
1946
This British philosopher and mathematician publishes his History of Western Philosophy.
Bertrand Russell
1947
This Asian country achieves independence, making Lord Louis Mountbatten its last Viceroy.
India
1948
Thirty-one years after Britain's endorsement of a Jewish national home in Palestine, Ben-Guiron becomes the first prime minister of this country.
Israel
1949
This Chinese chairman resigns and calls for both an armistice and a ceasefire.
Chiang Kai-shek
1950
The north and south of this country declare themselves independent republics, bringing in this war. The north were supported by China and the USSR and the south were largely supported by the USA and the United Nations.
Korean War
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