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20th Century: An Event a Year Part 2

Name the historical event based on the year and description.
Source: The Hamlyn Pictorial History of the 20th Century
Quiz by QuarterDutch
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Last updated: June 3, 2022
First submittedApril 18, 2019
Times taken36
Average score56.9%
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Year
What Happened
Answer
1950
This writer known for his explorations of Totalitarianism through Animal Farm and 1984 dies in January.
George Orwell
1951
The Rosenbergs are executed by electric chair on April 5th for passing secrets to this country.
Soviet Union
1952
This 25 year old becomes Queen following death of her father George VI of lung cancer.
Elizabeth II
1953
Having seized power in 1929, this tyrant dies. His funeral boasted a six mile queue of people wishing to pay their respects.
Joseph Stalin
1954
This medical student becomes the first man in athletics history to run the mile in under four minues.
Roger Bannister
1955
This amusement park opens. Its four main areas are Adventureland, Frontierland, Fantasyland and Tomorrowland.
Disneyland
1956
An invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France. The aims were to regain Western control of the Suez Canal and to remove Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had just nationalized the canal.
The Suez War
1957
Governor Orval Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African American students from enrolling at Central High School in this US town.
Little Rock
1958
The Soviet authorities force this novelist to retract his acceptance of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Boris Pasternak
1959
Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic after six years of revolutionary struggle, and his officials are given swift trials before execution. This man is named prime minister of Cuba.
Fidel Castro
1960
A peaceful protest ends in tragedy in this South African township, which saw police open fire on a black crowd, killing 67 and injuring 186.
Sharpeville
1961
The CIA attempts -- and fails -- to remove Fidel Castro from power in Cuba in this plot. Masterminded by Eisenhower and reluctantly accepted by JFK.
The Bay of Pigs
1962
The USSR begins building missile sites in Cuba, causing this confict.
The Cuban Missile Crisis
1963
Fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald, who was in police custody after being charged with the assassinating U.S. President John F. Kennedy two days earlier
Jack Ruby
1964
This first prime minister of India dies. Known by childen as chachya, or 'uncle.'
Jawaharlal Nehru
1965
By July of this year, the number of US soldiers in this war reaches 175,000.
Vietnam
1966
Disaster strikes in this Welsh village, as 1116 school children and 28 adults are killed by a slurry after the collapse of a coilery spoil tip just hours before the school holiday.
Aberfan
1967
Israel, Egypt, Jordan and Syria go to war for less than a week. Israel were supported by the US and UK, while Arabs relied principally on Soviet weaponry.
The Six-Day War
1968
This period of attempted reforms by Alexander Dubček is brought to an end when the Soviet union ride their tanks into Prague to store their power.
Prague Spring
1969
This cult leader gets his 'Family' to commit several murders. Among those murdered are Roman Polanski's wife, Sharon Tate; Wojciech Frykowski, a Polish writer and actor and Leno La Bianca, a grocery store owner.
Charles Manson
1970
An Israeli school bus is attacked by this revolutionary group, killing eight children and three adults. Israel shells Lebanese villages in reprisal.
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
1971
This French fashion designer dies in Paris.
Coco Chanel
1972
British Prime Minister Edward Heath describes "another great step forward the removal of divisions in Western Europe" as he signs the Treaty of Accession to join this reigonal organisation.
European Community
1973
Israel is invaded by Egypt and Syria in a surprise attack, triggering this war. Israel suffers substantial losses from USSR aircraft, and is supported by tanks provided by the USA and Britain.
Yom Kippur War
1974
Gerald Ford is sworn in as president after this scandal. He would later pardon Richard Nixon for his crimes.
Watergate
1975
Phnom Penh is overrun by this Cambodian communist party, largely comprised of dissident Communist who had begun mounting armed opposition to the government from the countryside in the 1950s. Many Cambodians lived in fear of this genocidal group and its head Pol Pot until 1979.
Khmer Rouge
1976
This Chairman of The People's Republic of China dies aged 82, sparking a bitter successional crisis where the Gang of Four (which included this Chairman's widow) were arrested for attempting to seize power.
Mao Tse-tung
1977
This Pakistani Army Chief of Staff and General ousts Prime Minister in a coup, declaring martial law this year. He would go on to become the country’s longest-serving de facto head of state.
Zia ul-Haq
1978
More than 900 people are found dead at this commune in Guyana, having committed mass suicide by drinking suicide at the behest of leader Reverend Jim Jones.
Jonestown
1979
On March 30 a referendum took place in Iran and as a result, the monarchy was replaced with an Islamic Republic. After the Islamic Revolution, this man became Supreme Leader of Iran.
Ayatollah Khomeini
1980
This Beatle (and walrus) is shot dead by Mark David Chapman in New york City on December 8th, leaving behind thirteen albums with the Beatles and ten solo albums.
John Lennon
1981
This man, otherwise known as the Yorkshire Ripper is arrested, pleading guilty to 13 killings and the attempted murder of 7 others. He was given twenty sentences of life imprisonment.
Peter Sutcliffe
1982
A war between the United Kingdom and Argentina over these Islands in 1982. The British captured 11,313 soldiers, and killed about 650, while British personnel deaths numbered 258.
Falklands
1983
The island was invaded by the American military in Operation 'Urgent Fury' because of Cuba's presence there.
Grenada
1984
This Welsh actor, known for his memorable performances as Hamlet, dies this year. He failed to live up to expectations as the successor of Laurence Olivier because of his alcoholism.
Richard Burton
1985
US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev meet for this summit. The two leaders met for the first time to hold talks on international diplomatic relations and the arms race.
The Geneva Summit
1986
The most disastrous nuclear power plant accident in history, both in terms of cost and casualties. It is one of only two nuclear energy accidents classified as a level 7 event (the maximum classification) on the International Nuclear Event Scale
Chernobyl
1987
A British roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferry which capsized moments after leaving the Belgian port of Zeebrugge on the night of 6 March 1987, killing 193 passengers and crew
The Herald of Free Enterprise
1988
The Scottish town came to international attention in December when the wreckage of Pan Am Flight 103 crashed there following a terrorist bomb attack by two Libyans aboard the flight.
Lockerbie
1989
The government uses force to end democracy protests in this Chinese square. According to the Chinese Red Gross, this left up to 3000 dead.
Tiananmen Square
1990
Iraq invades this country in the late summer following the breakdown of territorial and commercial disputes between the two countries.
Kuwait
1991
On December 21st, the USSR comes to an end as this Soviet President resigns.
Mikhail Gorbachev
1992
Due to rumours of affairs, alleged attempted sucides and various divorces and separations in the Windsor family, Elizabeth II uses this latinate phrase to describe 1992.
Annus horribilis
1993
Six people are killed and hundreds more injured when a bomb explodes in a car park below this building. Members of a Muslim fundamentalist group were later arrested and charged.
World Trade Center
1994
In June, millions tune in an police pursue this former US football star, who was accused and later charged with the murder of his ex-wife, Nicole, and a male companion.
O.J. Simpson
1995
A 7.2 earthquake devastates this Japanese city. 5000 people died and 250,000 were made homeless, making it Japan's worst quake since the 1923 Tokyo earthquake.
Kobe
1996
This Royal couple, who famously married in 1981, get divorced this year. One would die the following year in a motor accident in Paris.
Charles and Diana
1997
This Administrative Region gets sovereignty from the United Kingdom, returning to China.
Hong Kong
1998
In October of this year, this Chilean leader is arrested in London.
Augusto Pinochet
1999
This European currency is established on January 1st of this year.
Euro
2000
This economic bubble reaches its peak.
Dot-com Bubble
+1
Level 37
Apr 18, 2019
Sharon Tate was Polanski's wife, not his girlfriend.