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Top 10 Richest Countries in Africa

What are the richest countries in Africa based on GDP per capita?
2024 data. Purchasing power parity. More info here.
Quiz by Beefcake
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Last updated: April 22, 2024
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First submittedMay 1, 2014
Times taken57,995
Average score70.0%
Rating4.84
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GDP per Capita
Country
$43,200
Seychelles
$32,100
Mauritius
$26,500
Libya
$20,100
Botswana
$19,500
Gabon
GDP per Capita
Country
$18,400
Equatorial Guinea
$17,600
Egypt
$16,500
Algeria
$16,400
South Africa
$13,600
Tunisia
60 Comments
+54
Level 76
May 7, 2019
I thought Libya was in ruins, so didn't think to try that.
+58
Level 82
May 7, 2019
Richest in Africa is a very low bar to clear, Libya is still far more developed than your average sub-Saharan African country (and more peaceful than quite a few), and they still have their oil. Libya's actually got one of the lowest homicide rates on the continent.
+84
Level 73
May 13, 2019
In ruins, sure, but being in ruins means that there was an actual infrastructure to ruin, which is a bar that much of Sub-Saharan Africa doesn't even clear
+5
Level 74
Jun 27, 2019
funny but very mean
+46
Level 64
Jun 29, 2019
Why mean? It's true.
+11
Level 66
Jun 5, 2022
Mean and true aren't mutually exclusive though
+1
Level 52
Oct 20, 2023
I’m surprised too
+10
Level 82
May 7, 2019
I have a vague memory of once seeing Equatorial Guinea listed as the richest country in Africa; and then later taking a quiz on this site where it was not listed in the top 5 or top 10 richest, and commenting on this fact; and now on this quiz they're listed again in the top 3. Either each list is using different ways of measuring or their is inconsistent data somewhere.
+2
Level 65
May 7, 2019
You must have seen GDP per capita.
+11
Level 58
Jun 27, 2019
They have a low population and a lot of oil, so per capita their GDP is quite high. And some sites list the GDP per capita as PPP - purchasing power parity. Since the vast majority of people in Equatorial Guinea are very poor, their GDP per capita PPP is high - a little money can buy a lot.
+5
Level 82
Jun 27, 2019
I think what it actually was is that while Equatorial Guinea ranks very high in terms of GDP per capita (for Africa), they still rank pretty low in terms of HDI.
+3
Level 65
Mar 22, 2022
Also, when the oil price changes the GDP per capita varies like crazy
+1
Level 74
May 7, 2019
Thanks Beefcake. Perfect quiz in every way as far as I'm concerned :)
+1
Level 33
May 8, 2019
First attempt, nailed it!
+2
Level 75
Jun 29, 2019
Same here, but I was able to type every country in Africa, finally getting EG last.
+13
Level 73
May 15, 2019
Seychelles have my favorite flag design in the world. Very unique.
+3
Level 43
Apr 13, 2020
Mine too!
+8
Level 66
Oct 26, 2021
Your flag also has the best design? May I see it?
+1
Level 33
Jun 5, 2022
According to billfettuccine's profile they have only been to the USA
+2
Level 46
May 15, 2024
Africa does have some good flags, especially those adopted in more recent years: South Africa, Rwanda, DR of the Congo, Seychelles. Anything to get away from all the pan-Africa flags which are just confusing!
+1
Level 16
Jun 27, 2019
Nice quiz!
+1
Level 65
Jun 27, 2019
Nice quiz, I've never thought about Equatorial Guinea having this amount of money.
+6
Level 58
Mar 13, 2022
Most of it goes to the government. Corruption as usual.
+1
Level 66
Jun 5, 2022
Small pop with a decent of oil
+13
Level 45
Jun 28, 2019
The richest country in Africa is still Wakanda...
+1
Level 34
Jun 5, 2022
Yes, that's right. 🤣
+1
Level 47
May 15, 2024
WE MUST ALERT THE QUIZ MAKER THAT THE WAKANDA NATION IS MISSING
+1
Level 32
Jun 29, 2019
Equitorial Guinea? I was just randomly guessing at this point because I had no idea. I was right. But, Equitorial Guinea?
+7
Level 82
Jul 1, 2019
oil
+1
Level 47
May 15, 2024
oil
+1
Level 50
May 15, 2024
But GDP distribution is disastrous
+1
Level 32
Jun 29, 2019
9/10, Equatorial Guinea passed me by.
+2
Level 15
Jun 30, 2019
Equatorial Guinea has not always been rich, but going by their infrastructure, Equatorial Guinea are better off than 95% of Africa
+1
Level 72
Jul 12, 2019
I really thought Namibia would be in here somewhere!
+1
Level 62
Nov 3, 2022
why?
+1
Level 57
Nov 14, 2022
maybe because of the beach diamonds
+2
Level 19
Dec 24, 2020
SEA SHELLS
+1
Level 57
May 15, 2024
Did you say sea shells or see Seychelles?
+2
Level 35
Feb 24, 2021
Gabon didn't even come to my mind. I thought Congo would be amongst the 10 African nations
+1
Level 62
Jun 5, 2022
I get a lot of 'Invest in Gabon' ads.
+1
Level 61
Feb 27, 2022
I got Seychelles and South Africa then just started guessing legitimately every country in Africa (I checked, the only ones I didn't guess were Somalia, South Sudan, Malawi, Sierra Leone, and Liberia)
+1
Level 60
May 6, 2022
I'm British, but finished it with 0:26 remaining.
+4
Level 87
Jun 5, 2022
I don't get the qualifier?
+5
Level 63
May 7, 2022
The top five seem to be tax haven, tax haven, diamonds, oil, oil. Got to love an economic monoculture... Although Botswana is actually a very interesting case; how Sir Seretse Khama managed to turn it from arguably the poorest, least developed country in Africa to one of the richest, most developed and most stable.
+5
Level 62
Jun 5, 2022
I'm so proud of Botswana. They really know how to use natural resources to build strong economy They also should be a example to other African countries how gov should treat they citizens. Great job!
+1
Level 47
Jun 5, 2022
Thanks for the freebie on the quiz picture!
+1
Level 33
Jun 5, 2022
the only one i missed was gabon, i guessed both the congos but not gabon ;(
+5
Level 65
Jun 6, 2022
Botswana is living proof that African countries can be successful. They don't need lots of handouts but they do need low corruption and good education in their civil service. The textbook model of decolonisation done well.
+1
Level 53
May 25, 2024
Doesn't it have one of the highest rates of HIV/AIDS in the world though?
+3
Level 69
Oct 6, 2022
I was expecting Morocco to be here.
+1
Level 77
Jun 6, 2023
jeez...when Egypt and South Africa weren't 1 and 2, and kenya and tanzania were not on the list, i knew i was in trouble. Ended up getting 9 but only because i spammed most of the countries i could think of.
+1
Level 32
Sep 5, 2023
got 10/10!! but what about nigeria? i thought is has the largest economy in africa?
+1
Level 79
Dec 9, 2023
GDP ≠ GDP per capita
+1
Level 47
May 15, 2024
It's GDP per Capita

basically GDP/People

Since Nigeria has a concerningly large population, it's GDP per Capita might be low and thus wouldn't make it on the list.

+1
Level 33
May 15, 2024
Why are you concerned about the size of Nigeria's population?
+1
Level 47
May 15, 2024
In general, more people means more need to provide services, infrastructure, etc. In a poor country where funds are already spread thin (if not stolen by corruption), not having a controllable population can be a big problem. Combine that with desertification and things aren't good
+1
Level 68
May 15, 2024
Got 9/10 with over a minute left and just couldn't think of EG. Even got to a point where I thought it could be a trick question and tried Spain, even though if included surely they'd be top
+1
Level 39
May 15, 2024
Got 9/10, I somehow got Gabon and Equatorial Guinea but not Tunisia
+1
Level 66
May 15, 2024
Too much time? It allows brute-forcing the correct answers.
+1
Level 26
May 17, 2024
how tf is this data exaggerated !? no african nation has per capita above 20k