Third Most Common Language by US State

Enter the language most commonly used at home that is NOT English or Spanish.
Based on US Census Bureau's American Community Survey.
NOTE: In some rare cases (Hawai'i for example), Spanish is not the second most commonly used language. In these cases, the correct quiz answer will be the second most common language, not the third.
Quiz by slkrr9
Rate:
Last updated: May 26, 2014
First submittedMay 15, 2014
Times taken58,688
Average score56.3%
Rating4.90
4:00
Enter language here:
0
 / 16 guessed
The quiz is paused. You have remaining.
Scoring
You scored / = %
This beats or equals % of test takers also scored 100%
The average score is
Your high score is
Your fastest time is
Keep scrolling down for answers and more stats ...
State
Language
Alabama
German
Alaska
Yupik
Arizona
Navajo
Arkansas
German
California
Tagalog
Colorado
German
Connecticut
French
Delaware
French
Florida
French Creole
Georgia
Korean
Hawaii
Tagalog
Idaho
German
Illinois
Polish
Indiana
German
Iowa
German
Kansas
German
Kentucky
German
State
Language
Louisiana
French
Maine
French
Maryland
French
Massachusetts
Portuguese
Michigan
Arabic
Minnesota
Hmong
Mississippi
French
Missouri
German
Montana
German
Nebraska
Vietnamese
Nevada
Tagalog
New Hampshire
French
New Jersey
Italian
New Mexico
Navajo
New York
Chinese
North Carolina
French
North Dakota
German
State
Language
Ohio
German
Oklahoma
Vietnamese
Oregon
Russian
Pennsylvania
Italian
Rhode Island
Portuguese
South Carolina
French
South Dakota
Dakota
Tennessee
German
Texas
Vietnamese
Utah
German
Vermont
French
Virginia
Korean
Washington
Vietnamese
West Virginia
French
Wisconsin
German
Wyoming
German
+2
Level 63
May 15, 2014
Pretty easy since I just had friend share post about this.
+1
Level 38
May 15, 2014
Yeah, there's a map circulating the internet now... thought it made for an interesting quiz.
+2
Level 83
May 23, 2014
I saw that map, too. Cool quiz.
+1
Level 59
May 24, 2014
The pic is from Slate magazine. It was featured on CNN :)
+3
Level 75
May 19, 2014
I was surprised to find that Hawaiian was not the most common non-English/Spanigh language in Hawaii.
+1
Level 68
May 23, 2014
Most ethnic Hawaiians speak English natively, but Filipino immigrants often speak the lingua franca of the Philippines, Tagalog.
+2
Level 83
Aug 28, 2016
Everyone in the Philippines speaks English.
+4
Level 72
Apr 30, 2017
that's why it's called a lingua franca.
+1
Level 66
Nov 26, 2020
That's not what kalbahamut was getting at. He meant that everyone in the Philippines speak English. Ergo that is the lingua franca of the Philippines.
+3
Level 60
Jun 15, 2021
Not from my experience. The women tend to have a much better grasp of English than a lot of the men.

Wikipedia suggests that 58% of people living in the Philippines speak English of some sort and that Filipino is the lingua franca.

+1
Level 83
Nov 13, 2021
I didn't say fluently. Even the poor grandpas living in bamboo shacks in small villages I met knew a bit of English. And most people there know a lot or are more or less perfectly fluent.
+1
Level 74
May 23, 2014
Cool quiz idea.
+2
Level 83
May 23, 2014
Are you sure that Tagalog is the 3rd most spoken language in Hawaii? I would assume that Japanese, Chinese, Korean, and Hawaiian (at least) are all most common than Spanish there.
+1
Level 77
May 23, 2014
My guess would be it's because of all the Filipinos who initially came to work in the sugar industry many years ago.
+1
Level 83
May 23, 2014
I'm not disputing that Tagalog is common. I'm saying that Spanish is not the 2nd-most spoken language. Tagalog might be 2nd, not 3rd.
+1
Level 45
Jan 28, 2022
You would be correct with that. Ilocano is the 2nd most spoken language, followed by Tagalog and then Japanese. Spanish only represents 8% of non-English speakers in Hawaii
+4
Level 38
May 23, 2014
You are correct... there are a few states where Spanish is not 2nd most common, and Hawaii is one of them. That's why the subtitle of the quiz clarifies it is the most common other than English or Spanish - even in those few cases where Spanish is not 2nd.
+1
Level 83
Aug 28, 2016
cool. got it.
+2
Level 34
Jul 20, 2020
it is, actually. the majority of the kids at my school are actually filipino.
+2
Level 84
May 23, 2014
French creole is a dialect of french... I'm not sure that it should be distinguished like that...
+3
Level 25
May 2, 2017
I'm French and I understand Créole or at least 70% of it and I would say that it's not a language on its own but it's not French neither so.... i don't really know
+1
Level 66
Jul 26, 2021
That's why creoles have their own name seperate from dialects

Now if you wanna get even more funky start getting into the differences between English and Scots...

+1
Level 56
Jan 12, 2022
I speak portuguese and can understand 70% of spanish, definetly two different languages, I can understand almost 90% os galician, also a different language. It's a common phenomena to two languages be different yet native speakers can understand each other.

For what I hear Dutch, Swedish and Norwegian, and French and French Creole are also exemples of languages with this chatacteristic.

French croele is considered a language of its own.

However, these ideas are kinda arbitrary. When is a dialect so different that it's not a dialect anymore but a whole new language? Why Luxembourgish is not considered German but Swiss German is?

I mean, there are reasons but you need to study each case.

+2
Level 77
May 23, 2014
I wrote Sioux for South Dakota but it wasn't accepted. Didn't realize you wanted it more specific and I gave up trying.
+2
Level ∞
May 23, 2014
Sioux will work now.
+1
Level 49
May 23, 2014
I would have never expected German for so many states & would have guessed

Chinese for a few more...

+2
Level 92
May 23, 2014
I didn't think Chinese was an actual language. The people of China mostly speak Mandarin or Cantonese
+2
Level 72
Mar 9, 2020
Which are dialects of Chinese
+5
Level 67
May 1, 2020
Depends on who you ask, really. Some linguists (I'd dare say most, but I'm not so sure on this) qualify variants of Chinese as separate languages belonging to the same family (like the Romance languages), while others qualify them as dialects of a same language (like what happens with Arabic).
+4
Level 79
Dec 26, 2020
The varieties of Chinese are not mutually intelligible with each other. I’m a native speaker of one variety and I couldn’t understand the other varieties at all unless I learnt them or have exposure with them. Although some varieties are closer to each other than they are to others, the similarities only get you so far and aren’t enough to get by.
+2
Level 54
Dec 21, 2021
There are no serious linguists who consider them dialects. They are separate (but related) languages who use the same writing system
+3
Level 10
May 23, 2014
Haitian Creole and French are not mutually intelligible. Hence, they are separate languages. The difference between these two languages is probably greater than that between French and Spanish (and certainly than between Spanish and Portuguese).

I really liked this quiz. I got 16/16 on the first try but was helped somewhat by having seen the map a week or so ago.

+1
Level 29
May 24, 2014
Surprised at the Korean being in that state.
+4
Level 83
May 25, 2014
Having lived in Virginia for most of my life I'm not surprised by that at all. Visit Arlington, Annandale, or Centreville (my hometown) and you'll see.
+1
Level 34
May 27, 2014
But... whyyyy...
+1
Level 83
Jul 10, 2015
Bulgogi?
+1
Level 29
May 1, 2017
I live in Virginia and one of my best friends is Korean and speaks it fluently.
+4
Level 83
Jul 7, 2020
Do you converse in English, Korean, or Pig Latin?
+1
Level 48
May 26, 2014
I should've gotten Vietnamese. I didn't get that, navajo, hmong, dakota or yupik
+1
Level 21
Jan 17, 2015
Barely beat the average. Got 10 and the average is 9. I beat 71.9% of the test takers. :) Finally made a goal in my life. Nice quiz.
+1
Level 78
Jul 10, 2015
Very surprised that Italian isn't the answer for Rhode Island!
+3
Level 87
Dec 3, 2020
Providence was infamous for its mafia strength, but there was and still is a massive influx of people from Portuguese speaking countries into southeastern New England. Initially fisherman were picked up in the Azores and Madeiras. Natives of those islands have been reliable and prolific fishing hands and captains in Gloucester, New Bedford and Point Judith for the past 200 years. The area's the logical choice for other Lusophones coming to the U.S.
+1
Level 69
Jun 9, 2016
Never heard of Yupik before.
+1
Level 64
Apr 30, 2017
Me neither. I have a friend who is Tlingit so I tried that.
+1
Level 53
Sep 28, 2017
It's an Eskimo language. I don't think I knew of it until I moved here and learned about the native culture. I suspect there are Alaskans who don't even know of it even though they've probably heard it mentioned.
+1
Level 72
Jun 14, 2018
I have heard of it but it wasn't one of the several Alaskan languages I tried...I just assumed Inuit or Athabaskan would be the top ones. Interesting.

I was most proud that I got Hmong, it's always fun when you get an unexpected answer to work!

+4
Level 83
Nov 5, 2019
Might want to accept "Eskimo" and "Inuit" as type-ins for Yupik, to make this a bit easier.
+1
Level 83
Jul 7, 2020
no dice?
+2
Level 70
Dec 26, 2020
I second that. I tried both of them, but didn't know about "Yupik"
+3
Level 45
Jan 11, 2021
Yupik is an entirely different language than Inuit and eskimo isn't a language
+1
Level 83
Mar 25, 2021
No it's not
+2
Level 91
Apr 29, 2021
I guess Serbian and Slavic should be accepted for Polish too, then?
+1
Level 83
Apr 29, 2021
Yupik and Inuit are both dialects of the Eskimo-Aleut language. A closer parallel would be accepting Sioux for Dakota, or accepting Serbian or Croatian as a type-in for Serbo-Croatian, which, obnoxious false equivalencies aside, the site usually does, and should.
+1
Level 83
Nov 13, 2021
But Yupik is and has been called Inuit, Inuktitut, and Eskimo... It is a sub-language or dialect. Like Jamaican English is a dialect of English. Someone from Scotland might have a hard time understanding someone from Jamaica, and vice versa, and someone who grew up on the Louisiana bayou might have a hard time conversing with someone who grew up in the East End of London, and my grandmother from Appalachia might have a hard time comprehending the questions being asked her by the CSR on the phone from Mumbai - but that but that doesn't mean all of the above are not still speaking English. Their accents, their vocabulary, and sometimes even their grammar is noticeably different, sometimes dramatically, to the point where they're not mutually intelligible. But it's still English. Yupik is a subset of Inuit, also called Western Eskimo, and a dialect of Inuktitut, closely related to the Aleutian language. Aleut is the branch of the language spoken exclusively in Alaska.
+1
Level 83
Nov 13, 2021
My suggestion above was simply to make the quiz a bit easier and more charitable to the people taking it. But it would also be perfectly accurate. The "Eskimo language" is written about. As is Inuit. and Inuktitut. And when they are, Yupik is classified as part of or a variation on those languages. Would make a lot of sense to accept all of these + Aleut as type-ins, at least.

... people who don't know and do a quick Google search will find lots of contradictory information about the above, because all of these designations are contentious and politicized. But efforts to be politically correct do not negate the fact that what I just wrote above is true. Nor does the silliness of the lack of difference between Serbian vs. other languages that are basically Serbian... which is also driven mostly by politics.

+4
Level 43
Jul 26, 2016
surprised Spanish isn't on the list !
+6
Level 71
Aug 28, 2016
I'd be surprised if it was .......... NOTE: Enter the language most commonly used at home that is NOT English or Spanish:
+3
Level 67
Jul 21, 2019
surprised you missed the joke/sarcasm there
+1
Level 55
Apr 30, 2017
Surprised that French is third most popular in Maryland. I've never met a native French speaker here. I thought Greek or Italian since there are large large parts of the city where some nationalities exclusively live. Or ever German, polish, or Korean. But never French.... oh well u live and you learn :)
+2
Level 32
Apr 30, 2017
Surprised none of these answers are Dutch
+1
Level 37
May 26, 2017
So am I. I know pockets of Pennsylvania, New York, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Virginia and Maryland where Dutch is still spoken. But,

more importantly, I disagree with the third language chosen for

New York. The third most spoken language in New York is Italian, not Chinese.

+4
Level 65
Apr 14, 2018
The reason for this is because here in the USA, the people in Pennsylvania we call "Dutch" is actually German, not Dutch.
+2
Level 52
Jul 31, 2018
what do you mean? according to wikipedia (which sources their data from a page on the MLA website that isn't working, but still), Chinese is spoken by 2.61% of New Yorkers. Granted, that includes both Yue and Mandarin, but it's still a lot more than Italian, which is 4th behind Russian.
+1
Level 60
Jun 26, 2017
I got 10/16. That's OK, but where's this map my brothers and sisters are talking about?
+4
Level 53
Sep 28, 2017
Proud of myself for knowing the lowest answer that only 3% have gotten. But I do live in Alaska....
+2
Level 63
Mar 8, 2018
Can you add any info on the District of Columbia? It would be interesting to see. I am pretty confident that the 3rd most common language would be Amharic there (Ethiopian).
+1
Level 65
Aug 3, 2019
On this note it'd be pretty neat to see the languages of all the territories too
+1
Level 73
Feb 10, 2020
Somewhere I heard or read that this is true. I lived there in the mid-90s, and it was very, very common then. Now, I imagine most people who speak it have moved to NoVa or Md.
+1
Level 38
Apr 14, 2018
french creole sounds like a french snack XD
+3
Level 76
Feb 19, 2019
Is there a possibility that 'Eskimo', be accepted for Alaska? Eskimo-Aleut is a family of languages comprising Inuit, Yupik, and Aleut.
+1
Level 53
Apr 11, 2019
Should have got Vietnamese. I just put Portugese as a joke, surprised it was an answer.
+1
Level 83
Nov 5, 2019
In Massachusetts there are a lot of Brazilians there. Not sure about Rhode Island but might be the same.
+2
Level 73
Feb 10, 2020
Lots of Portuguese immigrants in New England. I took it in high school in CT where it was offered as a heritage language.
+2
Level 42
Oct 27, 2019
wasnt expecting arabic to be the one for michigan but ok
+1
Level 83
Nov 5, 2019
Tons of Arabic speakers around Detroit.
+1
Level 65
Nov 5, 2019
Didn't even think to try native languages 🤦
+1
Level 73
Dec 10, 2019
Turns out the Russians didn't hack the election, they were too busy hacking Oregon.

Like did I miss something?

+1
Level 60
Jul 7, 2020
The russians have history in Oregon. In fact, from Alaska down to California they settled small areas. They were mostly in Alaska, though.
+1
Level 52
Jan 13, 2020
Why is Haitian not accepted.....
+1
Level 51
Jan 15, 2020
Got all of them right!😁
+1
Level 58
Mar 22, 2020
I wonder how many of the people claiming to speak Spanish, German and French only know a couple of words, just like Buttigieg.
+3
Level 46
Sep 20, 2020
Most of them are probably natives.
+1
Level 55
Mar 28, 2020
Here's a map:

https://postmediavancouversun2.files.wordpress.com/2014/05/slate-language-map.jpg?w=450&quality=55&strip=all

+1
Level 53
Jul 1, 2020
Of course it's Arabic in Michigan
+1
Level 60
Jul 7, 2020
Didnt remember Navajo. Dang it.
+1
Level 51
Jul 9, 2020
Only 4% guessed Yupik.
+1
Level 76
Jan 13, 2022
I tried Aleut, Inuit, Eskimo but not that, so yeah.
+1
Level 34
Jul 20, 2020
was expecting tagalog from hawaii but not california and nevada
+1
Level 70
Dec 26, 2020
Are you sure this is up-to-date? This article tells a different story: https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-the-most-common-language-in-every-state-map-2019-6

I know this may not be as good a source as the American Community Survey, but it seems to make sense given demographic changes. As a Pennsylvanian, I can definitely attest that I know way more people who speak Chinese at home than Italian.

+2
Level 47
Feb 5, 2021
I guess i'm in the minority of not knowing that portuguese is a thing in the northeast. but jokes on them, I got dakota, navajo, hmong and creole right!
+1
Level 44
Mar 25, 2021
Getting Yupik correct is one of my proudest achievements as a quiz taker!
+1
Level 48
Mar 29, 2021
French in Louisiana didn't surprise me.

Russian in Oregon did.

+2
Level 41
Apr 7, 2021
no japanese?
+2
Level 83
Apr 29, 2021
Japanese are a comparatively small minority population everywhere in the United States outside of Hawaii and some places on the West coast, and in those places they are still outnumbered by other immigrant groups.
+1
Level 41
Jul 28, 2021
Makes sense
+2
Level 55
Apr 29, 2021
I wasn't going to get Hmong until I had 15 seconds left and tried to go for Mongolian and got it when I typed "Mong"
+1
Level 54
Nov 13, 2021
Came to comment this lol
+1
Level 28
Jun 15, 2021
I did not know that the 3rd most common language in my state was Arabic! Not expecting that
+1
Level 54
Nov 13, 2021
I was trying to write Haitian Creole and got French Creole instead. Not complaining but quite unexpected.
+1
Level 59
Jan 31, 2022
At first I thought it was too easy because it wasn't yellow box but it was harder than I expected, missed the bottom 5
+1
Level 26
Jun 25, 2022
fuck

o is a languge