What if Poland-Lithuania Reunited Today?

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The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, or Poland-Lithuania as it is commonly said, was one of the most significant European powers at its time and controlled a big portion of the continent. However, like all empires, the commonwealth gradually began to lose its power and influence it once had in Eastern Europe, until in 1795, when several other significant European powers at the time decided to invade it from all sides and slowly diminishing the empire's territory. And finally, on the 24th of October 1795, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth surrendered to them, marking the end of another empire. But what if it reunited today?

Population and Land

As always, the first thing we need to think about a reunited Poland-Lithuania is the population and land it would control. For starters, 10 different countries would lose all or some of their territory to the commonwealth: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and Ukraine, which would all be located in Europe. This may not seem that many, at a glance, but it wouldn't stop the empire from having an impressive land area if you take into consideration how big these countries actually are.

In total, Poland-Lithuania's land area would stand at a significant  425,000 Square miles (1,100,0000 Sq km), which would be enough to make it the 28th largest country in the world, slightly larger than Bolivia (1,098,000 Sq km) and Mauritania (1,030,000 Sq km), but just smaller than Ethiopia (1,104,000 Sq km) and Colombia (1,141,000 Sq km).

As well as a big land area, Poland-Lithuania would also have an impressive population, standing at a huge 97.3 Million. This would make the commonwealth the 16th most populous country in the world, well ahead of other very populated countries like the D.R Congo (90 Million) and Turkey (84.4 Million), but just slightly behind the 15th and 14th place contenders, Vietnam (97 Million) and Egypt (102 Million).

A reunited Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth would also boast some big cities within its borders, which brings us to the next part. The capital city would most likely be Warsaw, as it was originally one of the two historic capitals of the empire, the other one being Krakow, and is the most significant out of them as Krakow only has a current population of around 819,000. Despite this, Warsaw would not be the biggest city in the commonwealth, although having a strong place in the top 10. Instead, Kiev, in modern-day Ukraine, would be the biggest, with a population of 3,480,000, which is slightly larger than Warsaw's. Here would be the rest of the top 10 most populous cities within the empire:

  1. Kiev (3,480,000)
  2. Warsaw (2,350,000)
  3. Minsk (2,050,000)
  4. Kharkiv (1,630,000)
  5. Dnipro (1,390,000)
  6. Gdańsk (904,000)
  7. Łódź (829,000)
  8. Krakow (819,000)
  9. Zaporizhia (739,000)
  10. Lviv (725,000)
Land area of a reunited Poland-Lithuania on a map

Money and GDP

Poland-Lithuania would also have a significant economy, similar to its population and land. The Nominal GDP of the commonwealth would stand at a total of $1.005 Trillion, which would be enough to place it in 18th place, in terms of Nominal GDP, being ahead of other big economies like Switzerland ($824 Billion), Saudi Arabia ($804 Billion) and Turkey ($794 Billion), but behind others such as the Netherlands ($1.012 Trillion) and Indonesia ($1.158 Trillion).

The GDP Per Capita of the commonwealth, however, wouldn't stand at a very impressive amount like its GDP, mainly due to the poor living standards in some modern-day countries of the empire like Belarus and Ukraine. Taking all of this into consideration, Poland-Lithuania's Nominal GDP Per Capita would stand at $10,360, and give it the 82nd highest living standards in the world. This would still put the commonwealth's conditions ahead of many other countries like Nauru ($10,125) and the Maldives ($10,024), but just slightly behind the global average of $11,339, and the countries of Bulgaria ($11,321) and Malaysia ($11,604).

A reunited Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth could also join the European Union to boost its GDP and recognition around the world as a few of the modern-day countries making it up are already strong members of the organization but still, the country would remain divided on whether to join or not.

Religion and Ethnic Groups

The next topic we need to think about a reunited Poland-Lithuania are the religious and ethnic groups prevailing within its borders.

Starting with religion, Christianity would by far be the most followed faith in the commonwealth, accounting for 89% of the population, split between 45% Orthodox, 42% Catholic and 2% Protestant. Islam would be the last major religion in the commonwealth's borders, at a small 2% of the population. The remaining 9% would be made up of Atheists and irreligious people.

Now focusing on Ethnic groups, Poles would be the largest of them all at 39% of the population, still not enough to make a clear majority of over 50% though. This would be followed very closely by Ukrainians at 35%, followed by Russians at 18%, Lithuanians at 2.5% and Latvians at 1.5%. The final 4% would be a mix of various other tiny ethnicities within the commonwealth.

Purple = Christianity


Green = Islam


Grey = Atheism

Prevailing religions in the rough area of a reunited Poland-Lithuania

Languages

Similar to its religious and ethnic groups, a reunited Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth would also have very interesting languages spoken within its borders, which brings us to the next topic. Polish would be the most spoken language in the commonwealth, with 38% of the population speaking it. This would be closely trailed by Ukrainian at 33%, making it the second most spoken language. Russian would be next at 17%, followed by Belarusian at 6.1%, Lithuanian at 2.9% and Latvian at 1.3%. The final 1.7% of the population would be a mix of various other tiny languages spoken within Poland-Lithuania's borders.

One specific official language of the commonwealth would be a tough decision to make but I predict there would be more than one official language, like the situation in South Africa, based on the most spoken of them all.

Military Size

The last topic we need to think about a reunited Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth is its military, which would of course be no disappointment. Starting with manpower, the commonwealth would possess a very significant force of 398,350 active-duty personnel, which would be the 12th largest force in the world, even ahead of other big militaries like Indonesia (395,500 troops) and Thailand (360,850 troops), but behind Myanmar (406,000 troops) and Egypt (438,500 troops). This would also be added to by an extra 1,219,000 troops placed in reserves, bringing the commonwealth's entire army to a gargantuan 1,617,350.

Poland-Lithuania's budget to fund its military, would be slightly lacking, however, at around $12.9 Billion. This would be the 19th largest budget in the world, larger than other huge militaries like Iran ($12.6 Billion) and the Netherlands' ($12.1 Billion) budgets, but still significantly smaller than either Spain ($17.2 Billion) and Turkey's ($20.5 Billion) budgets.

Overall, if it were to reunite today, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth would definitely be one of the strongest and most powerful countries in Europe, and even maybe the world. To boost its power and recognition internationally, the commonwealth could also join some significant organizations like the EU and NATO but again, this would still be very unclear. The rest of its future would be completely impossible to precisely predict but with all empires, any theory could be possible in the real world. One big problem Poland-Lithuania could face would be who to rule the empire but in my opinion, the only person capable of handling such a task would be none other than ZooTuber3000, Owner of the Zootuber Empire and Proud Member of the Quadruple Alliance! Anyway, here are the voting options for this vote:

Nazi Germany | Yugoslavia | First Mexican Empire | A United CANZUK

And finally, that brings us to the end of this part of the series. If you have any other new suggestions for any significant empires you want me to cover then please let me know in the comments. But for now, I would like to thank you all so much for reading and goodbye! :)
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Level 64
Oct 2, 2021
Voting has ended! The request to reunite the Mexican Empire has won with 5 votes. Here are the final standings:

First Mexican Empire | 5 votes | 1st Place

Nazi Germany | 4 votes | 2nd Place

Yugoslavia | 3 votes | 3rd Place

A united CANZUK | 0 votes | 4th Place

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Level 60
Sep 27, 2021
Yugoslavia! By the way NEVER END THIS SERIES. It is my favorite blog series!
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Thanks for your kind words! I'll add your vote to the polls soon :)
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
Should we make cards of the members and associates of Quadruple Alliance? Lol! As said above, never stop with this series. I always wait for your blogs! Always! Always! Always! (x864). And Nazi Germany. Please. Lol
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Lol thanks a lot! What do you exactly mean by cards of the members? :)
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
Like countryball characters lol?
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Oh yes lol.
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
And cards of members... I’m doing a quiz of Modern Day Countries of Quadruple Alliance, actually lol
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
That's a good idea :)
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
Everyone send its maps on Quadruple Alliance. I did my, but there are errors. I’M BORED TO CORRECT THEM. I’m going to Brazil Travel group now lol. Let’s make a real conversation.
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
Incredible! As everyone is saying your blogs are amazing and I always look forward to them! Poland-Lithuania in particular is really interesting. There arae lots of historical countries for which it is interesting to think of alternate histories, but PL in particular was unique because it was a stable country in a generally unstable reason, and it would have been so cool to see it go on for longer. Like what if PL was in WWI? Would it join the Entente to defend against Germany? Would Russia join the war if PL was blocking them from Germany? If they went on to WW2 what would happen? Would they get puppeted like France? Would they continue after the war? Would they be communist? What would they do in the cold war? When would they stop being a monarchy? How would their government change? Would it become more unstable?Would it collapse after the cold war? What nations would arise if it collapsed later? Would national identities change? Oh yeah, I vote for the Mexican Empire lol
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Wow, there are a lot of questions in this lol! I would have put more questions in the ending but I didn't want it to get too long since it's just a conclusion, not a whole entire blog on its own lol. But yes, those questions are very interesting. I'll add your vote to the polls too :)
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
Maybe I should start an alternate history blog series.
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Haha yes, I'd love to see that lol.
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
Okay, here's one.

Prussia was originally a puppet of the commonwealth but since they were getting more powerful PL decides to forcibly incorporate them into their core territory somehow, ruining Prussia's chance of German unification. So by the time Germany would partition them, Germany was fragmented still. Since Prussia rose to power in the Seven year's war, become a dominant German power against Austria, Austria would be more powerful in this timeline and could conquer southern German states since there was no balance of power against Prussia. Russia and Austria could partition them, but since PL would still be quite powerful, they would leave them be. Germany might remain fragmented though some other states such as Hanover could get some more power, but when Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, Austria wouldn't have many good allies, though since they were powerful they would declare war on Serbia anyway. Russia would support Serbia, but with PL in between them... (i will continue)

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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
This is now officially a blog which actually has two blogs: Thread's Alternate History of the World (Quadruple Alliance Edition) #1 and my What if Poland Lithuania Reunited Today?
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
MG’S ALTERNATE HISTORY OF THE WORLD! Lol
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
PL might ease relations with Russia by this point and since PL might want land from Austria they might declare war and let Russia also fight from their front. Some German states would support Austria, but that would only lead France to declare war on them, leaving Austria alone with no chance. However, the US wouldn't join the war without Germany, and probably UK would want to stay neutral since Austria has no chance, meaning it wouldn't be thaaat bad. Anyway, Austria would lose, and Poland would annex Silesia and some of Eastern Germany like Pomerania, as well as Czechoslovakia becoming part of PL. The rest of Austria would collapse as normal and Yugoslavia would be formed. Till now I did ignore the factor of Lithuanian nationalism though, but I will just say that the annexation of Prussia would rejuvenate national spirit to the commonwealth and nationalists would be suppressed. However, since Russia would have their communist revolution now, and PL's government is outdated..
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Okay, before this Alternate History can continue, please confirm that the UK is not going to get invaded and conquered during the wars like literally every World War alternate history lol.
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
PL would have a communist revolution, and to create a new communist national spirit, it would rename itself Miedzimorze, or Intermarium in English, meaning in between the seas since it would have land in the black sea as well taking some land from Ukraine. So at this point, along with Russia, or the USSR, Poland, or Intermarium, would be the other major communist power. Together they would create a communist bloc, like the Warsaw pact, but earlier. Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia would also have revolutions, but they would likely be Intermarium puppets as they would be in charge of the Eastern Bloc, rather than the USSR which would focus on worldwide influence. By WWII, Germany would still be unstable, and so Hitler would not only try to make Germany great but would have to unite it first.

Okay I'm going to take a break now lol maybe I'll just write a blog for this

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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Your alternate history already has more than 2000 characters lol

Or you could continue it on the group haha :)

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Level 66
Sep 27, 2021
lol PL would just have been puppeted by Russian Empire I think.
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
What the freak, I’m lost on the first “Poland-Lithuania” lol
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Level 53
Sep 27, 2021
You know, finally I'll agree with MG and go for Nazi Germany. Everything I say is cheesy, but you get the cheese level of my comments by now. I love this series.

Once I make a map can you do the ZooTuber Empire

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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
I think we were all going to do our own empires lol MG is working on his empire.
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
I think you all should do one whole collaborated blog on the Quadruple Alliance's territory as a whole. That would be very interesting since we (you guys, not me) practically control half of the world :)
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
YOU ALSO. AND WE WON’T DISCUSS THIS. I mean, we can merge each part of our blogs. #500kCharacters

BGG can send it, and we put our parts of empires.

ZOOTUBER, WHERE ARE YOU ON THE GROUP!?

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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
I don't think I should send it since I'm not really the type of person to post a fictional blog lol and I'm not actually part of the alliance so the best thing is for one of you to send it :)
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
But you’re the impartial person, creator of the Quadruple Alliance world, and YOU’RE ONE OF US, despite the name is Quadruple, not Quintuple, and we didn’t change it because you don’t want to be considered as member. Despite the Empire of the Minas Gerais considere BigGeographyGuy as part of Quadruple Alliance, as like we consider Cyprus as part of Asia! Lol
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
I also officially consider the Quadruple Alliance is making a mess on this blog! Lol!
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
You're right. Time to use my absolute power across the Quadruple Alliance rightfully.

Calling all QA Members! Please move all of your conversation to our group :)

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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
Cyprus is considered Asia? You're talking about Jetpunk right? Because if the Quadruple Alliance recognizes Cyprus as Asia then I'm leaving lol
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
Everyone disappeared from everywhere suddenly? I made my map, I'll post in the group.
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
That's because of my ultimate control of the Quadruple Alliance
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Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
I posted the map in the group.
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
Great!
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
Just I recognize like that. And ok. We finished by here. We won’t start to discuss about Cyprus. Lol
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Level 69
Sep 28, 2021
Well well, you guys had a lot of talking while I was away!
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Level 15
Sep 27, 2021
Interesting. I vote Mexican Empire.
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Level 15
Sep 27, 2021
Mexican Empire
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Level 71
Sep 27, 2021
Mexican Empire
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Level 64
Sep 27, 2021
I'll add all of those three to the polls :)
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Level 51
Sep 27, 2021
Nazi Germany.
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Level 64
Sep 28, 2021
I'll add that to the polls :)
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Level 43
Sep 27, 2021
Wait, Idk, but I think that I have the north of Poland, and Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia... no?
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Level 66
Sep 27, 2021
no all of it is mine
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Level 69
Sep 28, 2021
@thegoatisgoaty: It belongs to MG in our world.. the world created by the glorious BGG.
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Level 43
Sep 28, 2021
Yes. Maybe on Geopro’s parallel universe is yours. But in Quadruple Alliance’s parallel universe it belongs to me, if I’m not wrong.
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Level 66
Sep 27, 2021
noooo poland-lithuania macedonian empire T_T
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Level 37
Sep 27, 2021
Great quiz!

I'll vote for Yugoslavia.

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Level 64
Sep 28, 2021
Thanks! I'll add your vote to the polls :)
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Level 69
Sep 28, 2021
Great! Poland-Lithuania was definitely one of the greatest European empires! This series is my favourite!

Whom should I vote for? Let's see... Mexican Empire and CANZUK are boring. We had German empire some weeks ago, so I vote for Yugoslavia. That's it, Yugoslavia!

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Level 64
Sep 28, 2021
Thanks! Yugoslavia is catching up to the other options now lol.
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Level 65
Sep 28, 2021
Mexican Empire is boring? You can't say that lol! Okay yeah, Mexican Empire is a boring name, but I will rename it the Neo-Californian Empire so it's less boring lol
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Level 17
Sep 28, 2021
Totally amazing! Please keep this series going, I love it! I vote Mexican Empire.
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Level 64
Sep 28, 2021
Thanks so much! I'll add your vote to the polls :)
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Level 43
Sep 28, 2021
BGG, just a question (asking here, because I only notice that you answer me, when the number of comments, is even ;-;): are you going to Serra do Cipó, and any other historical city in Minas Gerais, in addition to Ouro Preto? Answer in the group this question, and the others I did.
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Level 64
Sep 30, 2021
I replied :)
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Level 55
Oct 2, 2021
No I missed the votes again. :(
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Level 64
Oct 2, 2021
Oh lol, I'll try to extend the voting period in the next blog so you get a chance to vote next time :)