Blog About Random Country #2 Uzbekistan
Last updated: Monday June 21st, 2021
Origin of the Name
The name "Uzbegistán" appears in the 16th century Tarikh-i Rashidi.
Three roots vie as to the adjective accompanying -stan (in the family of Iranian languages: "land of"):
"free", "independent" or the "lord himself" requiring an amalgamation of uz (Turkic: "own"), bek ("master" or "leader")
eponymously named after Oghuz Khagan, also known as Oghuz Beg
A contraction of Uğuz, earlier Oğuz, that is, Oghuz (tribe), amalgamated with bek "oguz-leader".
All three have the middle syllable/phoneme being cognate with Turkic title Beg.
The place was often spelled as “Ўзбекистон” (Wzbyekiston) in Cyrillic, the script used during Soviet rule.
The flag of Uzbekistan consists of three horizontal azure, white and green bands separated by two thin red fimbriations, with a crescent moon and twelve stars at the canton. Adopted in 1991 to replace the flag of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. The azure color on the flag is a symbol of blue sky and clear water. White is a symbol of peace, purity, and kindness. Green is a symbol of the diverse and rich nature of the country. The red stripes are vital forces pulsating in every living creature, a symbol of life, courage, as well as a symbol of national and religious minorities of Uzbekistan. The Crescent corresponds to the centuries-old tradition of the people of Uzbekistan and is also one of the main symbols of Islam. The flag of Uzbekistan has 12 stars. The number 12 means 12 zodiac signs, 12 months of the year, and is also considered a symbol of perfection. 12 stars on the flag are arranged in such a way that visually they form the inscription Allah in Arabic script.
Uzbekistan has a border with 5 countries. It is bordering to Kazakhstan to the north and west, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan to the south. Uzbekistan covers an area of 448,978 km2 (or 173,351 sq mi) and has a population of 34,588,900 which means highest population in Central Asia. Uzbekistan consist 12 provinces, 1 autonomous republic and one independent city. Uzbekistan’s capital and most populous city is Tashkent, second most populous city is Samarqand. Other big cities are Fergana, Namangan and Andijan.
Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia. A mountain called Khazret Sultan is the highest point of the country with elevation of 4,643 m (or 15,233 ft). Largest lake of the country is Aral Sea which is sadly drying.
The first Uzbek rule in Central Asia was in the 16th century. It started with Muhammad Shaybani Khan, who defeated the last Timur dynasty in Samarkand and established his own state in Transoxiana. This domination lasted until the 18th century and was replaced by the Emirate of Bukhara with the Khiva and Hokand Khanates established in the same region. The first domination of Tsarist Russia in the region began in 1867 with the establishment of the General Governorate of Turkistan, whose center was Tashkent. It was also completed with the capture of the last remaining lands of the Hokand Khanate in Fergana within ten years. On 1 November 1917, the Bolsheviks entered Tashkent and declared their sovereignty, and in 1924 the Uzbekistan Soviet Socialist Republic, which included the territory of today's Uzbekistan, was established. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Aliy Council of Uzbekistan accepted the declaration of its Independence on August 31, 1991, and it was decided as Independence Day on September 1, 1991.
Religion and Ethnic Groups
Muslims constitute 88% of the population according to a 2013 US State Department release. Approximately 10% of the population are Russian Orthodox Christians. And %3 of the population belongs to another religion or irreligious. Majority of the population are Uzbeks with %84 of the population. Other big ethnic groups are Tajiks with %5, Kazakhs with %3 and Russians with %2 of population.
Uzbek is official language of Uzbekistan. And Karakalpak is regional language in Karakalpakstan region. %74 of population speaks Uzbek, %14 speaks Russian and %4 speaks Tajik. And %7 speaks other minority languages. Uzbek language can be written in three writing system: Latin, Cyrillic and Perso-Arabic.
Lag’mon: Lag’mon is a Central Asian dish of pulled noodles, meat and vegetables.
Dimlama: Dimlama is stew made with various combinations of meat, potatoes, onions, vegetables, and sometimes fruits.
Naryn: A pasta dish made with fresh hand-rolled noodles and horse meat.
1) Uzbekistan is one of two doubly landlocked countries in the world. (Other is Liechtenstein.)
2) Bread is "Honored". The Uzbeks believe that turning bread upside down will bring you bad fortune.
3) Algorithm derives from the name of the Uzbek Scientist al-Khwarizmi. Because it Latinized as Algorithmi.
4) None of Uzbekistan’s rivers lead to the sea.
5) Uzbekistan is home to the world’s largest open-pit gold mine. The county produces 4.5 million kilograms of gold per year!
6) Traditionally, the most respected guest at dinner is seated the farthest from the entrance to the house.
7) The national dish is Palov or Plov; made of rice, mutton, onions and grated carrot. According to local legend this dish was invented by the cooks of Alexander the Great.
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