Blog About Random Country #6 Republic Of the Congo
Last updated: Monday June 21st, 2021
Origin of the Name
The Republic of the Congo is named after the Congo River, whose name is derived from Kongo, a Bantu kingdom which occupied its mouth around the time of its discovery by the Portuguese in 1483.
The flag of the Republic of the Congo uses the Pan-Africanist movement colors and is the only one that utilizes a diagonal pattern. It's pretty simple, just a yellow diagonal band from the bottom left to the upper right, dividing 2 triangles - the upper one being green and the lower one being red. The green symbolizes the agriculture and forests. The yellow represents the friendship and nobility of the people. And the red one is unexplained and doesn’t have an official description. Nobody knows the meaning of the red!
Republic of the Congo (Note: I'll just refer to it as Congo for the rest of the blog.) covers 342,000 km2 (132,000 sq mi) area and has a population about 5,244,359 according to 2018 estimates. It has border with 5 countries, Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, the other Congo and Angola (by an exclave, Cabinda). The Republic of the Congo is divided into 12 départements (departments). Departments are divided into communes and districts.
The capital is Brazzaville and the ten most populous cities are:
Congo is located in the western part of northern Africa and situated on the Equator. The longest river is Congo River (exactly) and the highest point is Mont Nabemba at 1,020 metres (3,346 ft).
Congo first met Europeans in the 15th century with the arrival of Portuguese travelers and traders from the mouth of the Congo river. The Kingdom of Congo, which dominated this region at that time, engaged in commercial activities with Portuguese merchants. And then colonized by Portugal and France. In 1960, Congo became an independent nation but in the late 20th century it started to be ruled by communism. And finally in 1992, after the fall of Soviet Union, Congo became an democratic republic.
Religion and Ethnic Groups
—8.3% Other Christian
4.7% Traditional Faiths
3.0% No Religion
23.9% Other African/Europeans
French is the official and most spoken language of the country. But there are many other languages with a significant number of speakers, such as Lingala, Monokutuba and Kikongo.
Firstly, the cuisine of the two Congo is very similar (almost same), so this dishes are popular in both Congo!
Pili pili: Very hot pepper, served with nearly everything, even occasionally dried and sprinkled on fruit.
Moamba: A sauce or a dish prepared with a sauce usually made from peanut butter.
Ngai ngai ya musaka: A sauce or a dish prepared with a sauce usually made from the pericarp (not the seeds) of palm nuts, the fruit of the African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) tree, in western Middle Africa. Ngai ngai is a leaf called oseille in French and sorrel in English.
1) The Republic of Congo is home to the famous Pygmy Tribe. This indigenous tribe lives in the Congo rainforest. The people of this tribe are small of stature.
2) The Congo basin rainforest is the second largest rainforest in the world. Around 70% of the country is covered by rainforest.
3) The Nouabale-Ndoki National Park in the country is the last natural habitat on earth where you can’t identify any type of mankind’s interference and it has remained undisturbed by global changes. This has made the park earn the title of Last Eden on Earth.
4) Congo is rich in natural resources. It boasts vast deposits of industrial diamonds, cobalt, and copper; one of the largest forest reserves in Africa; and about half of the hydroelectric potential of the continent.
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