Blog About Random Country #7 Bosnia and Herzegovina

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The first mention of Bosnia is in De Administrando Imperio, a politico-geographical handbook written by the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII in the mid-10th century. The name is believed to have derived from the hydronym of the river Bosna coursing through the Bosnian heartland. The name Herzegovina ("herzog's [land]", from German word for "duke") originates from Bosnian magnate Stjepan Vukčić Kosača's title, "Herceg (Herzog) of Hum and the Coast".

Origin of the Name

Flag

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The flag has a blue field with a yellow triangle, and seven full stars and two half stars at the top and bottom of the hypotenuse of the triangle.The triangle represents the three majority ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bosnians, Serbs and Croats, it also represents the map of Bosnia, which kind of looks like a triangle.The stars represent Europe and are meant to go on foreverhence the half stars at the bottom and the top. Some people think that the flag was even partially adapted from the European Union flag.The colours white and blue and yellow are traditionally seen as colours representing peace.

Political Geography

Bosnia and Herzegovina covers 51,129 km(19,741 sq mi) area and has a population about 3,332,593. It has border with Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro and consists 2 entities and 1 condominium. The capital is Sarajevo and the 10 most populous cities are:

Political Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina

1) Sarajevo

2) Banja Luka

3) Tuzla

4) Zenica

5) Bijeljina

6) Mostar

7) Prijedor

8) Brčko

9) Doboj

10) Ilidža

Physical Geography

Topographical Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina looks like a landlocked country (thanks to Croatia) but actually it has 20 km (12 mi) coastline. It is located in the Balkans in Europe. The longest river is River Drina, the largest lake is Buško Blato with 55.8 km2 (21.5 sq mi) area and the highest point is Mount Maglić with 2,386 m (7,828 ft) elevation.


Like many countries with a coast on the Mediterranean, Bosnia and Herzegovina took its first place in history under the rule of the Roman Empire. After the collapse of the empire, they fought against the Hungarians and Serbs for a while. The Bosnians, who came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire in 1463, thus adopted the religion of Islam. After the bloody civil wars between 1986-1992, Yugoslavia broke up. Later, Slobadon Milosovic carried out a great massacre with his dreams of establishing a 'Greater Serbia'. The United Nations remained silent against this genocide carried out by the killing of innocent civilians, intellectuals and elected officials. Aliya İzzet Begovic, who became the head of state in the elections held at the end of 1990, declared the independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina after the referendum held in March 1992.

(Note: My aim is not to denigrate anyone or any state. The events I just mentioned are written objectively. If anyone says something that denigrates anyone about this in the comments, I will delete those comments.)

History

Religion and Ethnic Groups

Ethnic Groups

Religion

50.1% Bosniaks

30.8% Serbs

15.4% Croats

2.7% Other

1% Not Declared / No Answer

50.7% Islam

45.9% Christianity

—30.7% Eastern Orthodoxy

—15.2% Catholicism

1.2% Other

1% No Religion

1.1% Not Declared / No Answer

Languages

Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian languages are official languages which is spoken by the majority of the population. And the minority languages are German, Italian, Turkish and Ladino.

Cuisine

Ćevapi – Bosnian kebabs: small grilled minced meat links made of lamb and beef mix; served with onions, kajmak, ajvar (optional) and Bosnian pita bread (somun)

Tufahija – traditional Bosnian whole stewed apple stuffed with a walnut filling

Grah – a bean soup made of usually white, cranberry or pinto beans, and more rarely kidney beans

A Bosnian dessert, named boem šnita

Fun Facts!

1) 2014 FIFA World Cup was the first major tournament of the Bosnia and Herzegovina’s national football team.

2) Established in 1995 during the Bosnian War, Sarajevo Film Festival has become the largest and most famous film festival in the Balkans and South-East Europe.

3) One of Europe’s last jungles can be found here.

4) Sarajevo was the first communist city to host a winter games.

5) As a result of the 1992-1995 Bosnian civil war there are still some 30,000 active landmines left in the country, and 2.2% of Bosnia’s total landmass has yet to be completely cleared of them.

6) The country is nicknamed the “Heart Shaped Land” due to the country’s slight heart shape.

7) It is home to a self-proclaimed micronation: Hajdučka Republika Mijata Tomića. Since 2002, as a symbolic protest against the lack of local administration, it has its own flag, currency, consul, Constitution and a sole ruler.

La Galerie

Hercegovačka Gračanica, an Orthodox monastery
Nova Gracanica church
The Arslanagić Bridge
Panoramic view of the course of the Trebišnjica river
Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque
Una River
Sutjeska National Park, contains the highest point in the country
Drina river canyon
The Government building
A view from Sarajevo
Andrićgrad and Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge
Mostar Bridge
Iron Age cult carriage, found in modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina territories
Bosniaks dancing a traditional dance
Another version of ćevapi
The Asim Ferhatović Hase Stadium in Sarajevo hosted the opening ceremony of the 1984 Winter Olympics.

Closing

Thank you for reading my blog. Leave a like if you liked it! Stay tuned and I’ll see you next time!

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Level 38
Jun 21, 2021
Very improved! I was planning to do a Bosnia one befored I retired...but you covered it!
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Level 39
Jun 22, 2021
Thank you!
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Level 37
Jun 21, 2021
I loved the Gallery! Will you put in the other blogs? I want to see the images you would choose for Brazil!
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Level 39
Jun 21, 2021
I will put it in my next blogs but unfortunately, I will not put it in the previous ones.
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Level 37
Jun 21, 2021
Awww... but ok.
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Level 65
Jun 21, 2021
I agree with the other comments that the gallery improved it. Well done
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Level 39
Jun 21, 2021
Thank you!
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Level 54
Jun 21, 2021
Awesome Blog!
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Level 39
Jun 21, 2021
Thank you!
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Level 57
Jun 21, 2021
Yo Bosnia was my 7th grade PE olympics country XD
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Level 39
Jun 21, 2021
What?
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Level 57
Jun 21, 2021
We had this thing where we would do certain stuff and we had to be in teams and every team had to pick a country in the continent they were given. My team was bosnia
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Level 39
Jun 21, 2021
Oh
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Level 53
Jun 21, 2021
Not O Tuvalu? I am heartbroken!!
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Level 39
Jun 22, 2021
Sorry
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Level 64
Jun 22, 2021
Wow, I never knew that Bosnia and Herzegovina is majority Muslim, so thanks! Nice Blog as usual :)
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Level 39
Jun 22, 2021
Thank you! Actually it is half muslim half chrisitan but muslims are little bit more.
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Level 42
Jun 23, 2021
Well, you are right but most of the Christians there aren't Bosnians ethnically but serbs and croats.

Serbs ethnicity is mostly Eastern Orthodox

Croats ethnicity is mostly Catholic

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Level 39
Jun 23, 2021
You are right.
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Level 41
Jun 22, 2021
Nice blog!
+1
Level 39
Jun 22, 2021
Thank you!
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Level 42
Jun 23, 2021
Great Blog!
+1
Level 39
Jun 23, 2021
Thank you!